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Multiple Sclerosis

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Karim Faour

on 30 December 2013

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Transcript of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis
Autoimmune Disease
Multiple Sclerosis
What is an "Autoimmune Disease"?
It's an illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation (such as numbness).
Mode of Action of MS
This damage can slow or block the nerve signals that control muscle coordination, strength, sensation and vision.

Group members
Karim Faour
Manal Hashwe
AbdelRahman Kurdi
Alexander Sakha
Zeina Jouni
Mrs. Oumaima Khoury
SMOC-BAC Partnership
Who gets MS?
-MS is thought to have affected many people worldwide.
-The disease is neither contagious nor directly inherited.
-Several factors have been identified in the distribution of MS around the world.

• Immunologic

• Environmental

• Infectious

• Genetics

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
1. Strategies to treat attacks:
• Corticosteroids
• Plasma exchange

2. Strategies to treat symptoms
• Physical therapy.
• Dalfampridine.
• Muscle relaxants.
• Medications to reduce fatigue.
• Other medications

Most frequent:

• Fatigue
• Numbness
• Walking, balance and coordination problems
• Bowel, bladder, sexual and cognitive dysfunction
• Vision problems
• Dizziness and vertigo
• Pain
• Emotional changes
• Depression

Less frequent:

• Speech disorder

• Hearing loss

• Seizures

Multiple sclerosis is thought to be an autoimmune disease in which the body incorrectly directs antibodies and white blood cells against proteins in the myelin sheath. This causes inflammation and injury to the sheath and ultimately to the nerves that it surrounds.
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