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Roman Art and Architecture

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by

Sowmya Tata

on 15 February 2012

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Transcript of Roman Art and Architecture

Ancient
Rome

Etruscan period
Republican Period
Imperial Period
Late Roman / Early Christian
Cloaca Maxima
Appian way
Bath houses
Roman forum
Insulae (apartment buildings)
Statues of emperors
Trajan's column
Hadrian's wall
Mosaics
Everyday items
Art and Architecture
800 BC
500 AD
Overview

Wall murals and frescoes
Paintings
Sculpture
Sarcophagi
Mosaics
Jewellery and pottery
ARCHITECTURE
ART

Temples
Villas and palaces
Public buildings
Triumphal Archs
Aqueducts and sewers
280 BC
27 BC
400 AD
Adopted Greek, Etruscan architecture and styles- mainly the columns
Invented the arch,
bricks
and concrete
Best example of arches being used are
AQUEDUCTS
Pont-du-Gard, Nimes, France
Segovian aqueduct, Spain
Famous sculpture pieces include:
Characteristics of artwork:
Very realistic with human musculature shown clearly
Most statues either bronze or marble
Even though main foundations were set, art greatly improved in the years to come
Significance
Conclusion
Pompeii
Rule of the emperors led to
Art being used for Propaganda
Wealth and high population densities led to the discovery of
Improved arches and vaults
Colosseum
Arch of Titus
Public buildings such as these also built on smaller scale in other cities
Made to impress and serve purpose
Pantheon
Height of Roman art and architecture
Paintings and frescoes flourished
Villa of Mysteries
Other important artworks
"Rome was not built in a day"
Theatres and stadiums
Arches were used later on in Gothic Architecture
Domes and columns too
Bricks and concrete -
basic building blocks of modern day structures
Arches
Bricks
Concrete
Jewellery
Burial and funeral customs
Sarcophagi
Great metal working skills
Use of ivory, amber and other precious metals
Arch and city planning
Capitoline wolf
800 BC to 500 AD
Art to spread their faith and beliefs
Rejected perfection
Sought spirituality
Full transcript