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rejeanne de vera

on 24 December 2013

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Transcript of HAPPY

Rhetorically analyzing a documentary
Context Background
What makes a person "Happy"?

What does it mean to be "Happy"?

* * E M P O W E R S * *
People are often confronted with the question: "What do you really want out of life?"
Usually results in responses such as...

I want to be happy
Brings control on "hyped" definition
of being
Society's ideal concept of
Misconstrued ideas of
Redefines happiness furthermore
Actual simplicity of conceptual
Destroying the "old" ways

Redefining with new aspects

Gives power to the new meaning
The Study of Happiness
For thousand of years, people studied depression and psychological illness to figure out how to get rid of it.
Recently however the study of happiness has begun in a new field of psychology called "Positive Psychology."
50 % - Set Point/Range (Genetics)

10 % - Circumstances (Income, Social Status, Where you live, Age)

40% - Intentional Activity (Actions you choose to do)

Happiness Pie Chart

Scene Analysis 2
seemingly less fortunate,
now brought in a state of juxtaposition with the average American, challenges the viewer’s ordinary discernment of what it takes for an individual to decide that they are happy.
The tour of Manoj’s home in India itself appeals for the
viewer’s sympathy.
Mosquitos are squished by his wife’s hands to protect her children from getting bit, landscapes shown to prove that there is no modern industrialization in the local, descriptions of the seasonal monsoon that destroy one side of the family’s home— yet Manoj Singh confidently announces that he, is in fact a happy individual. Many minds can be put into a state of curiosity by this man’s remark. Reactions as diverse as
distrust, astonishment, and amusement
can be gained by listening to Manoj’s palpable story. This scene unfolds the various areas that the entire documentary explores; concepts, ideas and suggestions to act upon that may determine an individual’s experience of happiness. It also allows the audience to assume different reasons as to how a person, without all the riches in the world, is still able consider themselves happy and content. The rhetorical move to start off the documentary with an opposition to the superficial outlook of a healthy, bright life illuminates the intention of transforming ideas of what we know— or what we think we know— and that is the
indefinite concept of “happiness”.
This scene is casually introduced;
no special effects are added to sensationalize the current conditions of Manoj’s life in the slumps of India.

He takes the viewer on a tour of his daily routine as a rickshaw host, and familiarizes his perception of life. Narrator Marci Shimoff proposes a statistic that this rickshaw driver is as a happy as an average American.
He iterates his paradigm of happiness; all he needs is to see his child, and he will feel that he is the richest person
. By stating the fact that this man— to the average individual that lives in a home covered by a roof and enough money to feed him or herself— is
Rejeanne de Vera & Brad Angeles
Advanced Placement: Language
December 2, 2013
S.A. 1
This scene starts out with the narrator saying "For hundreds maybe even thousands of years, people have studied depression and psychological illness."
As she is talking they use pictures as visual validation of practices and papers dating back those number of years
Then the speaker introduces the modern study of happiness, with a more positive and colorful imagery to lighten the mood to transition to a happier or positive tone, which is then followed by a question a person studying happiness would ask themselves
. "What are the building blocks of a life that's not just free of illness, but one that flourishes with a deep genuine happiness?" As this question is finishing being said, it shows a picture of the Declaration of Independence with the words "Life, Liberty and pursuit of happiness." in bold.
The phrase gives examples of the various "unalienable rights" which the Declaration says all human beings have been given by their Creator and for the protection of which they institute governments.
Then the speaking part goes to an actual positive psychologist, (Ed Diener, Ph.D. Professor of psychology at the University of Illinois) he goes on saying that it started out as an unpopular study bank in 1981 and that many ridiculed at the idea of someone majoring in the study of happiness including his own professor.
He starts off saying how he had been ridiculed in the past first to show how hard it was in the beginning, but when his description pops up it shows that he is a professor at a university with a ph. d., which then shows that despite the comments he wwas successful in doing what many said he couldn't.

Duration: 3 mins
Time: 4:20 - 7:20
Source: Netflix
S.A. 1 cont.
Ed, then proceeds to say that he has no idea why they all were trying to study depression.
The reason being is that he was inferring that they were wrong and that what he was doing was the right kind of study.
Then he talks about when the study of happiness became more popular, and that it became vastly known with many magazine articles and books being written about happiness.
While this is being discussed, they then show many articles and books that were about happiness to validate the claim that it was becoming more popular.
He then brings up how that when positive psychology began as a field of study in science , that it was the most popular class at Harvard with a thousand students a week attending.
They included this example because Harvard law school is the 2nd best college in the U.S which would give this claim a huge leverage to have its credibility accounted for.
After about 25 years, Ed's been around the world collecting data over time of who's happy and who's not, then with there numbers they crunch them all together and came to make a claim that 50% of happiness are genetic, 10% are circumstantial, and 40% is intentional.
By using footage of Ed going to many different places, it show's how serious this study is of theirs and that lengths he and others would go to to study happiness. Then by actually giving a pie chart and percentages it made an official appearance of their claim of where happiness came from to convince the views that what they're saying is true, or really accurate in their findings
Dali Lama
Duration: 4 minutes
Time: 1:02:13 - 1:06:13
Source: Netflix
The Dali Lama himself gives a very
speech to an audience, he talks about the sense of
one develops to their mother. Then a couple of psychologist talk about the art of compassionate meditation.
The Dali Lama begins this scene by saying, "My real guru to teach me the value of compassion is my mother."
This strong statement of his explains how much he appreciates his mother to put her above his own actual guru teacher. He then talks about the first act of compassionate with a mother, after birth. Right after one is born, they already rely on their mother, a total stranger being new to the world, for milk.
He goes on with the mother's feelings towards the new born. The amount of care, affection and compassion is so genuine, that it's not by law or religious teachings, it's developed by nature, that it's in our blood.
The Dali Lama explains how delicate the compassionate bond between a mother and her child is. Using such a calm and friendly tone as he speeks, he expresses this in a soothing way to really connect with the audience on a compassionate level.

S.A. 3 cont.
The scene then transitions to the act of compassionate meditation, it then introduces the purpose of it being to raise one's happiness levels to a greater extent and longer periods of time, even more than those taking powerful anti-depressants. The speaker then shifts to Richard J Davidson, (Professor of psychology and psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin–Madison as well as Founder and Chair of the Center for Investigating Healthy) who is also one who studied such meditation practices.
This scene has similar rhetoric moves like the study of happiness scene, it starts off by explaining a goal of a certain idea or practice, then is supported by a person who is popular among the studies,successful, and credible in his research, also with a small caption of what their status is in the world of science.
He then goes on about a person whom they tested by the name of Matthieu Ricard, a Tibetan Buddhist monk for more than 30 years, who has a PhD in molecular biology and has mastered the art of compassionate meditation. Looking at his brain activity from a neutral and calm state, to a state of compassion as to which the monk activates by himself with no external reasons or influences.
This is proving how powerful the sense of compassion is, which is also supported by an image of his brain activity within the parts of the brain that are extremely important in understanding happiness and well-being.

More of those things
This topic can be argued because the definition of happiness can so vast and not really specified to a set explanation.
The rhetorical techniques used was to appease the audience on a calm and friendly tone to really connect and get the message across of what they're conveying.
They validated many of their claims and theories by having valid resources and examples supporting the claim and theories what they were discussing, with verbal confirmation from professionals in the field of science with PhD's and successful careers within the studies at hand.
Another rhetorical move they made that could really impact the audiences emotionally, were examples of some tragedies and hardships many people faced that were turned around by happiness.
The rhetorical moves made in this documentary were really effective ones that could really touch someones heart and get's them really thinking about the emotion called, "Happiness."
Closing points
We've concluded that happiness is a very complex state of being that can be reached multiple ways.
That being in a state of happiness will actually improve your everyday life and influence those around you.
That there's a certain level of happiness we always neutrally go to, which is varied by genetics.
One could actually meditate to increase the levels and duration of their happiness.
Social status, wealth, and worldly possessions only temporarily cause 10% of our happiness.

Reassure yourself everyday that the sun will always shine regardless of the horrible report cards, negative comments from other people, indescribably painful situations, misunderstanding from others, feeling of not belonging, and anything else that might make you feel like the smallest, unseen, unworthy person in the world. Things are ever-changing; good or bad, and that's just the course of the life we've all been given. Don't depend on just one thing to make you feel like you're alive. Happy is everywhere. Everywhere is happy. Just keep looking-- a little harder and a little smarter.
happy might be just around the corner.
Never give up
Never give in
Full transcript