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Transcript of Iroquois Indians
and in parts of Ontario. They lived in the Eastern Woodlands region.
In this region, summers are hot and winters are
cold. There is precipitation all year long. This region has forests of deciduous and evergreen trees and a lot of lakes and rivers. The Appalachian Mountains run through it and there are a lot of hills. Food Iroquois farmed, hunted, gathered, and fished to get their food. They farmed three important crops, which they called the Three Sisters: corn, beans, and squash. Tobacco was also an important crop; they used it in special ceremonies. Some of the animals they hunted were bear, deer, turkey, and rabbit. They fished for many different fish, like bass and perch. They also collected foods like berries from the forest. Clothing Art/Design/Sculpture Iroquois lived in an area with a lot of trees, so many things they created were from wood. For example, they carved wooden masks and made many weapons and tools from wood. They also made many things using the inedible parts of corn, like corn husk dolls, baskets, shoes, and mattresses. They used shells to create beads they called wampum. Wampum beads were used for decoration, for creating "records" of events, and as a type of currency. Teeth, claws, and fur from animals they hunted was often used for decoration as well. Transportation The Iroquois used canoes to get from place to place because they lived in an area with a lot of lakes, rivers, and other waterways. Canoes could be built to carry as many as 20 people or as few as 2 or 3. They made their canoes from wood and tree bark. They also went from place to place walking or jogging along trails they made through the forest. How Stories Came to Be as told by the Seneca Shelter The Iroquois lived in longhouses.
They were made out of trees and were about 200' long and 25' wide. Longhouses held more than 100 people, and everyone who lived in one was part of the same clan (extended family). These were permanent homes.
Their roofs were curved to keep the rain and snow off, and had holes down the middle for the smoke from fires to escape. These holes could be covered when it rained or snowed. Their clothes were made from animal skins. Deer skin was a common material. They wore different clothes depending on the seasons--in winter, they wore more clothes with long sleeves and pants, and they often wore layers and fur. They wore leather shoes called moccasins on their feet. Men wore deerskin shirts, leggings, and breechclothes, and women wore dresses, skirts, leggings, and shirts all made from deer skin. What happened?
- in the beginning, there were no stories
- an orphan boy named Crow was ignored by his people
- one day, Crow found a cliff with a man's face in the rock, and it told him a story
- Crow took the story back to his people
- this went on for many years--eventually, Crow gained the respect of his people and was renamed Storyteller What does this tell us about the people of the Eastern Woodlands? - stories are important
- storytellers are respected
- the people have a close relationship with the Earth
- Senecas believe they are 1st storytellers
- even people who seem small and unimportant have something to offer