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Henry Hudson

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Victoria Yeung

on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Henry Hudson

The Explorer
Henry Hudson
In May of 1607, Henry sailed from London on his first expedition with his 16 year-old son John for the Muscovy Company, and sailed on a boat called the Hopewell. Henry sailed north up to Greenland's coast where there was an island called Spitsbergen, which is located less than 500 miles from the North Pole (930km). In Spitsbergen, Hudson found a bay full of whales, seals, and walruses. There were so many whales that some banged their ship! They kept navigating on. His crew sailed further north until they discovered a wall of ice that was blocking their path. Henry searched for over two months, trying to find a way to get to the other side of the ice. Eventually, they had to turn back.
Henry's First Expedition
One year after his first expedition, Henry once again sailed to Asia on the Hopewell for the Muscovy Company. This time he wanted more planks for the ship to make it more strong. The company hesitated, but Henry would not budge. He persuaded the company that they needed a stronger ship because they were risking their lives, sailing through a possibly dangerous ocean. After finding enough planks, Henry had to find a crew.

One man of his crew, Robert Juet, was the first mate and really annoying. He was 10 years older than Henry, a lot more knowledgeable, well-educated, and an envious person. Starting from the first day of sailing, Henry knew that Juet was going to be a big pain. He was objective, and whined, but Hudson decided not to fire him because he would regret it later.
Henry's Second Expedition
Reasons For Exploring
Voyages
Hudson made four journeys during his career, but none of them led him to Asia.
Henry Hudson faced challenges in his journeys. Henry had faced at least 7 storms during his second voyage. One thing that is the worst is sailing in fog; Hudson had to face that on one of his journeys. On one of Hudson's journeys one of his important men was killed when gathering food on unclaimed territory.
Other Interesting Facts
Henry Hudson described a mermaid that his men saw swimming. They described the mermaids with long black hair, white, pale skin, a tail shaped like a porpoise and speckled mackerel.
Henry Hudson, considered one of the world's most famous explorers, never actually found what he was looking for. He spent his career searching for different routes to Asia, but he ended up unlocking the door to more exploration of North America. Also, the Muscovy Company wanted to find an eastern route to Asia.
Henry Hudson appears as a character in the Margaret Peterson Haddix book "Torn."
Who he met on his voyages
He met a lot of Indians on his journey. He also met the indigenous people.
Skills
Henry Hudson had determination and navigation skills. Overall he was a good explorer.
Refrences
http://www.ducksters.com/biography/explorers/henry_hudson.php
http://europeanexplorers.weebly.com/henry-hudson.html
On his 3rd expedition, Henry sailed on a boat called the
Halfmoon
with a Dutch and English crew. Henry's crew left Amsterdam around April 6, 1609. This time he sailed for the Dutch East India Company and decided to travel a different route- still east but a more southern route. The Dutch East India company was dying to find the northern route to the East. They had heard about Henry and his slowness of finding the route, and they also heard about how he bartered routes without permission from the Muscovy Company, so they made him sign a contract that he would sail around Novaya Zemlya. Henry agreed, and off he went. Unhappily, Robert Juet was part of his crew!
http://ageofex.marinersmuseum.org/index.php?type=explorersection&id=284
www.history.com/topics/henry-hudson
Who Henry Hudson was
Henry Hudson was born around September 12 in the 1570s, (his actual date of birth unknown) in England. Henry had 3 brothers; John, Thomas and Richard. It is believed that his family traded with Russia and were part of the Muscovy Company which was an English trade organization. Henry got married to a woman named Katherine and together they had 3 sons: John, Richard and Oliver. His family lived in a tiny house near the Tower of London. Henry died on June 22, 1611 in Hudson Bay.

the Tower of London
Henry steered the Hopewell to the northeast. He wanted to head to the Pacific by sailing around Novaya Zemlya (2 vast islands) near the coast of Russia. Unfortunately, once again they were stopped by ice. Some of the crew protested they saw mermaids, but that was the only happy discovery during the trip.

After that, Henry secretly decided to do something mischievous. He wondered, if possibly he could arrive in Asia if he sailed west instead of east, passing North America, without telling his crew members. Henry would just steer the ship in a different direction, and no one would know. He thought the weather might be better and the crew would be happy anyways that they reached Asia. Unlucky for him, going west was the same thing as going east. There was more ice, danger, and obstacles. Eventually, his crew found out that Henry tricked them. They forced him to go back to England. When Henry came back, the Muscovy Company fired him. He was depressed and angry with himself. His friends did all they could to try to cheer him up, but it was no use.
Right as they were beginning to sail, the crew immediately started arguing. They disputed over food and work duties. Although Henry signed the contract, he once again decided to head to Asia using the North American route, and surprisingly the crew agreed. Before long, they reached a river that is now called the Hudson River. Continuously they drifted, until they reached New York City. They claimed the land, met aboriginal people, and traded peacefully with some and not-so-peacefully with others. One of his crew members got killed. After that, they continued to sail until the river was depthless and they realized the river was taking them nowhere. He and his crew decided to head to Dartmouth, England during the winter. Henry wrote a letter to the Dutch to explain what had happened. The company did not understand Henry so King James of England arrested him. Henry begged and begged to sail again, until the king's son supported Hudson. He was ready to attempt to sail again.
Part ll of his 3rd Voyage
Part ll (2nd Voyage)
The 3rd Expedition
Henry's Fourth and Last Voyage
1607
-Henry goes on his first expedition
1608
-Hudson makes a second voyage, looking for the northeast passage
1609
-Hudson makes a third trip
July 1609
-Henry Hudson meets the natives
Timeline Part II
April 1610- Henry Hudson discovers Hudson Bay
June 1610- Henry's crew gets stuck in the ice
1611-Henry Hudson is cast out and left to die
http://www.softschools.com/timeline/henry hudson timeline/25/
On April 17, 1610, Henry and his son John sailed from London on the Discovery for his very last expedition. Henry was very determined this time to find the route to Asia. Sadly, once again, they hit another obstacle. A huge storm near Iceland stopped the ship, and the 22 men started fighting. In June, finally they were able to start sailing again and go west past Greenland. They reached the Furious Overfall (Hudson Strait) on June 25th. It was foggy, and rushes of water hit their boat. Then ice cut off their passage, and the crew was furious. They wanted to head back to London, but Henry insisted to keep sailing. In August they reached Hudson Bay. Henry thought that this bay was the passage to Asia, so they set sail to James Bay, where they were trapped. The crew spent weeks looking for a passage out, but they found nothing. In September the crew complained that they were wasting their time and Hudson did not know where they were going.
April 1610-Henry goes on his last journey
Challenges
Part 2 of the Last Voyage
Henry was sick and tired of Juet and his bullying, so Henry stood up to Juet. Half his crew supported Henry, half did not. It was now late October, and winter would be coming soon. His crew was stuck on James Bay with very very little food, so little some men got scurvy. In June 1611, they were ready to sail again. Later on, Henry and his son John and six sailors were pounced on and were left on a tiny boat. The carpenter of the boat insisted he go with the captain. Sadly, Henry and the nine men were never seen again.
Timeline
1500's
-Henry Hudson is born
1500's
-Henry gets married to Katherine and has children in the late 1500's
Explorers Who Made it... or died trying (book) by Frieda Wishinsky
Accomplishments
Conclusion
By: Victoria, Coco, Mohammed, and Zachary
After 4 long tiring voyages, Henry did end up accomplishing a few things. He is named after the Hudson River, the Hudson Strait and the Hudson Bay. He also sailed farther north than anyone ever did.
ask.com (could not copy and paste)
newworldencyclopedia.org
His grandfather is also named Henry Hudson!!!
Methods of Travel
Henry Hudson traveled by boat, thinking he knew the way but each time he did not. Back in the 1600s, there was no such thing as a GPS or any sort of navigation tool. Henry did not even use a map. He had very good determination. If he did not have good determination, he would not have attempted to sail 4 times when he failed after every try.
Overall, Henry was a pretty good explorer. He discovered Hudson Bay, the Hudson River and Hudson Strait. Even though he failed 4 times, he was a determined explorer who did not give up. He thought that he was not a good explorer because he did not find the route to Asia, but he was wrong. He was daring because he sailed where no other explorer had before.
Technology
Henry Hudson used a compass to sail and a telescope, but that was all. He had no map, GPS, or any other sort of navigation tool. There was barely any technology back then.
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