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IOP - The Use of Irony in Pride And Prejudice
Transcript of IOP - The Use of Irony in Pride And Prejudice
Pride and Prejudice Conclusion 2) Verbal Irony 3) Dramatic Irony Jane Austen's Writing Style Fernanda de Oliveira - IB English
Period 2 What is Irony? Bibliography Types of Irony 1) Situational Irony "It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife". (Chapter 1) In literature: character, situation, statement or circumstance that is usually the opposite of it appears to be. Actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended.
Outcome is contrary to what was expected.
Irony of events: contradictions and contrasts Examples Darcy and Elizabeth's relationship “She is tolerable; but not handsome enough to tempt me” + leaving Netherfield with Bingley vs. "You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you”
+ paying for Lydia’s elopement
+ inviting Elizabeth to his house + introducing Lizzie to his sister Lady Catherine's Visit to Elizabeth Intention: to make Lizzie promise that she would never marry Darcy - "And will you promise me, never to enter into such an engagement?" vs. Outcome: Darcy was encouraged by the visit to propose to Lizzie again - "It taught me to hope as I had scarcely ever allowed myself to hope before." Mr. Bennet thinks that Darcy would never propose to Elizabeth - “I am perfectly convinced by it that Mr. Darcy has no defect. He owns it himself without disguise” during a discussion about character (Chapter 11) "The University of North Carolina at Pembroke." The University of North Carolina at Pembroke. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2013.
"IronyAbout Our Definitions: All Forms of a Word (noun, Verb, Etc.) Are Now Displayed on One Page." Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2013.
"Irony." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013.
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. N.p.: Perma-Bound, 1988. Print. Elizabeth's thoughts of Wickham Initially: Wickham was the good guy - "I beg your pardon; - one knows exactly what to think." vs. In fact: Darcy was a nice man - "How despicably have I acted!" Most common type of irony
Characters say something but mean the opposite
Elizabeth and Mr. Bennet Examples Elizabeth - "Mr. Darcy is all politeness" after Mr. Darcy refuses to dance with her (Chapter 6) - "Come, Mr. Wickham, we are brother and sister, you know. Do not let us quarrel about the past. In future, I hope we shall be always of one mind." (Chapter 52) Mr. Bennet "Mr. Bingley might like you the best of the party", to Mrs. Bennet, before she visits Bingley (Chapter 1). "I admire all my three sons-in-law highly," said he. "Wickham, perhaps, is my favourite; but I think I shall like your husband quite as well as Jane's.", to Elizabeth after she and Darcy become engaged. The reader knows something that the audience does not. Examples Mr. Collins' proposal to Elizabeth - Darcy had already proposed to Lizzie - The readers knew that Mr. Collins' intention was to marry one of the girls Background
- Regency Period
- Never got married
- Had no money or land
- Outcast Sharp, clever
Use of irony
- Criticize societal expectations
- Expose her own opinions Against societal expectations Writing Style The Role of Irony Verbal Irony
- Expose Austen's opinions
- Personality of Characters
- Deep meaning to dialogues Situational Irony
- Plot driver
- Element of Surprise and Suspense
- Tension Dramatic Irony
- Grabs reader's attention
- Suspense "I do assure you that I am not one of those ladies who are so daring as to risk their happiness on the chance of being asked a second time" - Elizabeth to Mr. Collins after he proposes to her.
Elizabeth declined Darcy's first proposal but accepted the second. Expose herself
through characters - Sets theme and tone Ironic Dialogue Plot - "He has been so unlucky as to lose your friendship and in a manner which he is likely to suffer from all his life." Elizabeth to Darcy, about Wickham losing his friendship. (Chapter 18) Common meaning: the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning: What type of irony is this?