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1984 by George Orwell and Anthem by Ayn Rand Compared

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Evan Ward

on 20 April 2011

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Transcript of 1984 by George Orwell and Anthem by Ayn Rand Compared

1984 by George Orwell and Anthem by Ayn Rand: Compared by Evan Ward Thesis:
Although the two works, Anthem and 1984, were written based on the idea of a collective Unitarian society, where the society was kept “dumb” so that the government would have total control, the works of both authors, Ayn Rand and George Orwell, were published to promote individualism, objectivism, and an anti-Unitarian government.
About the Author: Ayn Rand was born on Febuary 2, 1905 in St.Petersberg, Russia.In late 1925 she obtained permission to leave Soviet Russia for a visit to relatives in the United States. Although she told Soviet authorities that her visit would be short, she was determined never to return to Russia. She arrived in New York City in February 1926. She spent the next six months with her relatives in Chicago, obtained an extension to her visa, and then left for Hollywood to pursue a career as a screenwriter. She married Frank O'connor in 1929 who she met in Hollywood. They were married til he died 50 years later.Ayn Rand died on March 6, 1982, in her New York City apartment. The author's purpose of both works was to promote individualism. When 1984 was written in 1943 te second World War had just ended or was in the process of ending and it seemed like most of Europe had been under Hitlers control which made things really hard to be free or an individualist with your own opinion. Hitlers idea of perfect was all that mattered in his time because when he was in control it was either his way or no way. When Anthem was written in 1937 the world was at war.Ayn Rand grew up in the Soviet Union which was very controlling and all about communism and taking over the world. She learned very quickly teaching herself to read at age 6 and deciding she wanted to be a fiction writer when she was 9. Ayn was determined to get away from the Soviet Union and live in the U.S.A. because America was her idea of a perfect society because we have freedom. Anthem and 1984 have very similar ideas. In Anthem the world is controlled by the Councils which act as a government and makes the rules. In 1984 the government or Big Brother is in control and they make the rules. In both worlds there are rules depicting how or what you can think. In Anthem the way the Councils enforce the laws is by lack of knowledge and unusual punishment. In 1984 the people lack the knowledge they need to be an individual as well as in Anthem because in both worlds there is no such thing as individualism the people are simply one big group and everyone is the same. They simply live with no choices because their decisions are made for them. Winston wanted to learn and Equality 7-2521 also wanted to learn, both men were blind of their past and by them gaining knowledge of the past they became different than everyone else. They had a desire to do something with their lives instead of just the same old same old. Equality 7-2521 succeeded got his women and a couple friends and left the society they were in so that they could be free. In 1984, Winston was tricked into thinking that he could make a difference, but by being tricked by O' Brian, he was finally caught and punished for trying to be hisself and rebel against the unitarian society. About the Author of 1984: George Orwell was born on June 25, 1903 in Motihari, India. Orwell acheived success through two novels against a totalitarian society. He fought in the Spanish revolution and was alive during WWII which was part of his basis and reasoning for the book 1984, because he showed what the world would be like if the Soviet Union, or the communists, won the war.He was like the main character in many ways mostly because he wrote down his opnions and was an individualist. Quote vs. Quote
-"It is a sin to write this. It is a sin to think words no others think and to put them down upon a paper no others are to see. It is base and evil. It is as if we were speaking alone to no ears but our own. And we know well that there is no transgression blacker than to do or think alone." The first thing we learn about him is that he's breaking an important law. And that makes us feel right away as if we're in a very tightly controlled world, a world in which one is not free to do what one wants.

-"And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed – if all records told the same tale – then the lie passed into history and became truth. "Who controls the past," ran the Party slogan, "controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered. Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. It was quite simple. All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. "Reality control," they called it: in Newspeak, "doublethink."Winston believes that as long as a person’s memeory of the truth can be verified, then even a lie can become truth. Such is the Party’s method of control. Conclusion: Anthem and 1984 compared in a way that informs people to be yourself, an individual, instead of becoming a slave by being brain washed, and simply obeying everyone and anyone. Just be yourself and do what you need to to stay that way.
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