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Solar System

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Sid Singh

on 28 November 2014

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Transcript of Solar System

Solar System
(not to scale)
By: Harsh and Sid
The Sun
Asteroid Belt
Oort Cloud
Mercury's surface area stretches out 74,800,000 km²
The length of 1 day on Mercury is 58d 15h 30m (in Earth days)
It is 57,910,000 km away from The Sun.
It's radius is 2,440 km
Mercury's Orbital period lasts 88 days
1,000,000 Earths could fit inside the Sun
The Sun is actually a dwarf star!
The Surface Temperature of The Sun is 5500 degrees C.
The Circumference at its Equator is 4,370,005.6 km (about 4,370,006 km).
The Sun's diameter is 1,392,684 km long.
The Sun is 4.6 billion years old!
Venus was recorded by Babylonian astronomers in the 17th century BC
A day on Venus takes longer than an YEAR on Venus!
It takes Venus 224.70 Earth days to orbit the Sun.
A day on Venus lasts 243 Earth days!
Venus has no known moons.
Venus' surface temperature 462 °C
Mercury's surface temperature ranges from -173 to 427°C
Mars' surface temperature goes from -87 to -5 °C
It travels 227,943,824 km around the Sun
There have been 40 missions to Mars, out of which only 18 have been successful!
Mars' equatorial circumference is 21,297 km
It was first recorded in 2nd millennium BC by Egyptian astronomers.
Its two moons are called Phobos and Deimos.
Asteroids in the belt are so far apart, if you were to stand on one, the closest one would be too far to see clearly!
The asteroid belt is made up of asteroids that make up a vast majority of all the asteroids in the Solar System.
The four largest asteroids in the belt are Ceres, Vesta, Pallas, and Hygiea.
Ceres, Vesta, Pallas, and Hygiea contain 1/2 the mass of the entire belt.
The other 1/2 of the mass is contained in countless smaller bodies.
There was a theory once that if you combined all the asteroids they would make up the missing “Fifth” rocky planet between Mars and Jupiter. Planetary scientists believe that if you could put all that material in the Asteroid Belt today, it would make a tiny world smaller than Earth's moon.
Jupiter has 67 moons
Its radius is 69,991 km
The equator's diameter is 142,984 km
Jupiter's surface temperature is -106 C
Jupiter was recorded by Babylonian Astronomers
Saturn has 62 moons
Its first record was in the 8th century BC
Its orbital period is 10,755.70 Earth days
It was recorded by the Assyrians
Saturn is the 5th brightest object visible to the naked eye.
It takes 29.4 Earth years for Saturn to orbit the Sun!

Its radius is 25,362 km
Its surface Temperature is -197 C
Uranus is the only planet lying on its side!
It was the first planet to be discovered by a telescope.
Discovered on March 13, 781 by William Herschel.
Uranus has 27 known moons.
At least 2 trillion things exists in the Oort Cloud!
The Oort Cloud is roughly 1 light year away from the Sun.
Jan Oort discovered the Oort cloud
And so it was named after him.
He discovered it in 1950
That (refer to the EHA - Extremely Helpful Arrow) is the Great Red Spot. It is a huge storm that has been raging for over 350 years. It is so big you can fit 3 Earths inside it!
Neptune's equatorial diameter is 49,528 km
It has 14 known moons
Neptune was discovered on September 23 1846.
The surface temperature on Neptune is -201 C
Its radius is 24,622 km
Its orbital period is about 165 years!
The things in the Oort Cloud are said to be the remains of the materials that made up The Sun and our Solar System
Full transcript