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19th Century women roles in Norway
Transcript of 19th Century women roles in Norway
Ibsen was writing during a time when women, to a certain extent, were enslaved in their gender roles and where certain restrictions were enforced on them by a male dominant culture. Every woman was raised believing that they had neither self-control nor self-government but that they must yield to the control of stronger gender.
Across the developed world, women who stay home are increasingly seen as old-fashioned and an economic burden to society. If their husbands are rich, they are frequently berated for being lazy; if they are immigrants, for keeping children from learning the language and ways of their host country.
Norway pay stay-at-home parents who opt out of the day care system, have often only reinforced the stigma attached to housewives: concerns that this allowance, popular with working-class and immigrant families, hampers social mobility by keeping children of poor and foreign backgrounds out of socializing day care have made it controversial. Roles and Responsibilities 2 In 1850s, Women could not hold and responsibilities over house, money, debts or banks. They were considered as careless and incapable.
In the 1950s, women were expected to stay at home, and those who wanted to work were often stigmatized. Today it’s mostly the other way round, pitting women against one another along the fault lines of conviction, economic class and need, and, often, ethnicity.
John Stuart Mill, an influential philosopher, wrote in his essay, "The Subjection of Women", that women were "wholly under the rule of men and each in private being under the legal obligation of obedience to the man with whom she has associated her destiny".
Also women’s daily chores of cleaning, cooking or raising their children have always been ignored by national accounts. How Were Women Regarded? Women's Power in Society Women were allowed few rights in society.
Until 1882, women were not allowed access to higher education.
Before the suffrage movement in the 19th century, Women had very few rights.
Did not have voting rights until the early 1900s.
By 1890, women gained the right to their own wealth. Unmarried Women Unmarried women in Norway during 19th Century were not expected to work until there is extreme financial crisis at home.
A women is dependent on her father. If the father dies, the mother would gain control over it until she gets married.
After marriage, the woman is expected to leave the home of her father's and live in her husband's home.
Here, the women is dependent on her husband By- Subramanyam, Brennan and Namjoon 19th Century Women Roles in Norway However, married women have different expectations from unmarried women.
Unmarried women are considered as dependent on their fathers, while married women are considered to be dependent on their husbands.
Women are not expected to acquire any further education beyond high school.
Scandinavian countries, in 19th century, were more willing to abandon patriarchal society and let women work. However, a woman employee has a tiny limits of power. Married Women Married Women usually lived as a house wife
If a woman is married to a politician, then she can take part in elections. (1900s).
After the industrial revolution, women returned to being a house wife
In 1888, two laws were passed. The first law gave married women the majority status, the second law ended the authority of the husband over the wife.
The man retained control over the household since it was the cultural norm at the time.
For a woman, marriage was a financial transaction, usually marrying into a rich family Bibliography
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