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Transcript of Queen Elizabeth
Warfare was a big topic during the Elizabethan Era. It was used to settle arguments, present skills in tournaments, and the classic war between to lands. In tournaments fencing was a common way to battle. in War itself these were common:
-The Battle Axe: A variety single and double-handed axe were in use throughout the Medieval period
-The Mace:The mace was an armor-fighting weapon. The Mace developed from a steel ball on a wooden handle, to an elaborately spiked steel war club
-Lance:A long, strong, spear-like weapon. Designed for use on horseback
-Bow and Arrow
-Longbow:The Longbow could pierce armour at ranges of more than 250 yards - a longbowman could release between 10 - 12 arrows per minute
Regardless of wealth, no one in the Elizabethan Era was allowed to wear their own desired clothes. There were even laws with restrictions on clothing and if broken, the penalties could be as harsh as fines, property loss or even death. Clothing was a very serious matter during the Elizabethan Era.
Woman's Clothing- gowns, hats, corsets, collars, ruffs, and shoes
Men's Clothing- doublets, breeches, collars,ruffs,hats and shoes
The Elizabethan Culture
Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I was born in 1533 AD to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She was queen from 1558 - 1603 AD. Queen Elizabeth rejected many men in her lifetime and did not marry any. After Elizabeth rejected yet another man for marriage (King Philip II of Spain) he waged war against her country. Her troops were scared, but Elizabeth helped (with this famous quote) by saying, ". . . therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood, even in the dust. I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm . . ." "Overall, Elizabeth's always shrewd and, when necessary, decisive leadership brought successes during a period of great danger both at home and abroad." Queen Elizabeth I was a great and legendary queen.
There were usually two types of sports during the Elizabethan Era. These categories included individual and team sports.
-Colf: the ancestor of Golf. The origin of the word golf is believed to be the Dutch word of "colf" meaning "club".The balls consisted of a leather casing, usually made from a bull's hide, soaked in alum and stuffed with softened goose feathers
-Wrestling - A particularly rough and violent version of the modern day sport.
-Elizabethan Tennis - The ball was often hit against courtyard walls and played with a glove. The glove was replaced by a racket. The balls were at first made from solid wood then replaced by leather balls which were stuffed with bran.
-Hammer-throwing - a sport of skill, technique and strength.
-Horseshoes - throwing horseshoes at a target.
-Elizabethan Fencing - A sword was an important part of a nobles apparel and it was important that he had adequate fencing skills. The wearing of the sword with civilian dress was a custom that had begun in late fifteenth-century Spain.
-Elizabethan Archery - Archery contests were extremely popular during the Elizabethan era and prizes could be won for the most skilled of archers.
-Elizabethan Hunting : 'At Force' Hunts were the most strenuous forms of hunting, designed for fit, young and very active men who worked in teams to hunt ferocious wild boars
-Elizabethan Tournaments: Tournaments or Tourneys included many team elements. The Melees featured teams of knights fighting on horseback and on foot
-Battledore and Shuttlecock: these team sports were the ancestors of modern badminton
-Elizabethan Bowls: Sir Francis Drake was famous to playing a game of Bowls, prior to fighting the Spanish Armada. It was believed that Bowls were also played in teams similar to the modern day ten pin bowling
-Gameball: was a simple but extremely rough and violent football game
-Hurling or Shinty: similar to hockey
-Pall Mall: an ancestor of Croquet
2 major religions during this time period.
Reigning Monarchs dictated the “favored religion”. Schools taught the official religion decreed by the reigning Queen or King. Adhering to the 'wrong' religion brought risks to personal wealth, freedom and life (Imprisonment! Torture! Execution!).
Elizabethan Catholics believed that Church Services and the Bible should be in Latin, as it had been for 1000 years.
Elizabethan Catholics believed that Priests and the Pope were able to forgive sins - at a price, such as gifts or indulgences for the church.
Catholics believed that Churches celebrate God and elaborately decorated with statues and shrines.
Elizabethan Protestants believed that Church Services and the Bible should be in the language of the people so that the ordinary people could understand them.
However Elizabethan Protestants believed that only God could forgive sins.
Protestants believed that Churches should be plain allowing the people to concentrate on the sermons.
Big Ol' Deitzy Weitzy
Theater was booming during the Elizabethan Era. Entrepreneurs and actors were lured into the industry because of the fame and fortune that it offered. Theater was greatly expanding during this era because of the high excitement. An example of an Elizabethan Era theater is the famous Globe theater. Plays in the Elizabethan Era were actually as popular to the public as movies and cinemas are in present day. Great wealth was resulted in theater. Theater in the Elizabethan Era was incredibly popular, and people really enjoyed it.
Queen Elizabeth's coat of arms.
By: Big Ol' Deitzy Weitzy
AN IN DEPTH BIOGRAPHY