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Transcript of Texas
The colony lasted only four years before being beaten by the harsh conditions and hostile natives. The Spanish came over and invaded Texas and Mexico in 1690–1821. Then in 1821 the Mexicans got their independence from Spain and claimed Texas. The battle of the Alamo near San Antonio was a battle won by the Mexicans but when they killed all the defenders in the Alamo it made people rise up and beat the Mexicans winning the civil war. In 1836 Texas claimed their independence by a treaty with Mexico and the borders included all of present day Texas. In 1845 Texas became the 28th State of the United States of America. Mexico still thought of Texas as a Mexican state and had a war with America over Texas in 1846 - 1848. America won and took Texas. When Abraham Lincoln declared a ban on slavery all of the southern states declared war because they were agricultural farming areas and wanted slaves to work the farms. They declared themselves as the confederates. Texas was mainly a supply state it gave supplies to the other fighting states at the start but when the United States attacked closer they became more involved. Over 70,000 people fought for the Confederate states from Texas. Texas fought in every major battle in that war. After years of war the United states won but Abraham Lincoln was assinated. The Civil War Geography of Texas If Texas was still a country it would be the 40th largest in the world. Texas has three rivers as borders the Rio Grande, The longest rivar in Texas, dividing Texas and Mexico , the Sabine river the eastern border, and the Red river on the north. It has a very large area of plains and mountains in the West. There are five main mountain ranges in Texas. The Guadalupe Mountains have the highest peak in Texas called Guadalupe Peak. The other main ranges are: Chisos Mountains, the highest is Emery peak; The Franklin mountains highest peak is North Franklin; Chalk Mountains and Hueco mountains make up the main ranges. Some of the biggest lakes in Texas are Lake Buchanan, Lake Lyndon B. Johnson , Caddo Lake, Lake Austin ( a resevoir), Lake Whitney ( a flood control resevoir) and Toledo Bend Lake (a resevoir). Sports The Dallas Cowboys and Houston Texans are the two main American football clubs in Texas. The Dallas Cowboys have been very sucessful they have got to eight super bowls and won five of them. Baseball is a popular sport in Texas. They have two major teams as well the Houston Astros and the Texas Rangers. The Astros were the first team in Texas to make it to the world series in 2005. The Texas Rangers finally made it to the World Series in 2010. Texas has three big teams Texas is home to three big Basketball teams, the Houston Rockets, San Antonio Spurs and the Dallas Mavericks. All of these have won championships. Famous people from Texas 1. Brent Spiner 5. Jennifer Garner 6. Hilary Duff Dennis Quaid Patrick Wayne Swayze Beyoncé Knowles State symbols State bird State mammal (large) State Mammal (small) State Flying Mammal State Insect State Reptile State Fish State Shell Mockingbird Texas longhorn Armadillo Free-tailed Bat Monarch Butterfly Texas horned lizard Guadalupe Bass Lightning Whelk Other state symbols State Flower State Plant State Tree State Grass State Shrub State Fruit State Vegetable State Fiber Bluebonnet Prickly Pear Cactus Pecan Sideoats grama Chinese Crepe Myrtle Red Grapefruit Sweet Onion Cotton Even more State Dinosaur State Stone State Gem Pleurocoelus Petrified Palmwood Texas Blue Topaz Earthquake and Hurricanes In 1995 an eathquake happened in Texas causing no severe damage. In 1931 there was a bigger earthquake that distroyed all the houses in the area Hurricanes are tropical storms. Hurricanes hit Texas about once every six years. In 2011 there was a big hurrican that came over the Atlantic ocean and damaged the state. by Eoghan K.