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Transcript of Characterization
***There are five different methods of indirect characterization, we call this
the “STEAL” method
The author tells the audience
what the personality of the character is.
The author gives details that reveal the
of a character.
***Also known as “showing”.***
All of the techniques that writers use to create characters.
“The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.”
Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children.
What words did the author use to describe the boy and the girl?
***Also known as “telling”.***
The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.”
The author gives you
at who the characters are and what they’re like, but
you have to put the pieces of the puzzle together
on other characters
what they say/ how they speak
what they do
what they look like
Many of the words spoken by the cat at the beginning of the story have an upbeat meaning. For instance, the cat says to the children, “But we can have /
Lots of fun that is funny!” (7).
This reveals that the cat’s character is an upbeat character that likes to have fun.
So all we could do was to Sit!
And we did not like it.
Not one little bit (3).
These are the thoughts of the narrator as he stares out the window on a rainy day.
These thoughts reveal that this character is not happy about his current situation.
Throughout the first three quarters of the story, three different illustrations portray the fish scowling at the cat (11, 25, and 37)
The scowls on the fish’s face support the argument that the cat’s behavior at the beginning of the story is not acceptable to the fish.
Immediately after each of the cat’s activities, when the cat returns to clean up his mess at the end of the story, the fish is shown with a smile on his face (57).
The fish’s smile at the end of the story reveals that the cat is engaging in behavior that is now acceptable to the fish.
On page 18, the cat engages in “UP-UP-UP with a fish”, an activity that involves the cat standing on a ball while balancing seven objects. Later in the story, the cat releases two “things” that fly kites inside the house.
They reveal that the cat’s character is not concerned about rules related to safety and appropriateness.
These activities are outrageous, dangerous and should not be conducted in the house.
Throughout the first three-quarters of the story, the cat is shown with a smile on his face.
The smiles reveal that the cat is enjoying himself and is not apologetic for his outrageous behavior.
Static characters do not undergo important emotional changes over the course of the story.
They remain pretty much the same at the end as they were at the beginning.
Go through an emotional change within themselves.
These characters have a change in personality or attitude.
If it's written in
it's notes for
What methods do authors use to reveal character?
Towards the end of the story, however, when the cat is told to leave, he is shown leaving the house with slumped shoulders and a sad face.
The frown and slumped shoulders at the end of the story show that he is not enjoying himself anymore.
Similar to static characters.
Not much detail; these characters are simply described and play minor roles in the story.
Similar to dynamic characters.
Very detailed; these characters are richly described and play major roles in the story.
How other characters react to them
The main or central character of a story; not necessarily the "good guy"
The opponent of the main/central character; not necessarily the "bad guy"
physical traits AND body language