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3 Stages of the French Revolution

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Ms Lewis

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of 3 Stages of the French Revolution

3 Stages of the French Revolution Most Revolutions have some kind of symbol and motto in order for there to be a sense of unity. Louis brings troops to Versailles
Believe that he is planning to dissolve the National Assembly
Peasants see there may not be relief from inflation, unemployment, and food shortages if King crushes National Assembly
Fear of Suppression

If Louis is able to dissolve National Assembly then:
Stop the revolution
Can keep his power and position in society
Will be no constitution Storming of the Bastille
July 14, 1789 Medieval prison and fortress
used primarily for housing political prisoners
represented royal authority in the center of Paris
Citizens of every class and profession, if for any reason deemed obnoxious to the royal court, were arrested by secret warrants
Attack on Bastille seen as an attack on the injustice and inequality of Old Regime The Bastille as a Nationalist Symbol The fall of the Bastille was a defining moment in French history
This event entered into the French people’s collective consciousness – and internal awareness
It became part of their national myth separating themselves from the Feudal system Stage 2 of the Revolution Reforms of the National Assembly- a shift in power from the Monarch to the aristocratic members of the Third Estate

August 4, 1789. Reaction to “Great Fear” leads National Assembly to take action

National Assembly abolishes feudal customs, made all male citizens eligible for government and church positions

Declaration of the Rights of Man- basic democratic principles that would be the basis for the French Government Declaration of the Rights of Man Activity Men are born and remain free and equal in rights
The aim of all political association is the preservation of the rights of man (include liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression)
No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not come directly from the nation
Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else
Law is the expression of the general will (Every citizen has a right to participate)
No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed by law
As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty
The free communication of ideas and opinions
Public military forces are established for the good of all and not for the personal advantage of those to whom they shall be entrusted
A general tax is equally apportioned among all citizens according to their means
Property cannot be deprived, unless demanded by public necessity or is legally constituted The March on Versailles The march began among women in the marketplaces of Paris who, on the morning of 5 October 1789, were near rioting over the high price and scarcity of bread

wanted assurance that bread would once again be plentiful and cheap

Famine was a real and ever-present dread for the lower strata
Rumors of the Great Fear are still circulating examine how the development of nationalism is shaped by historical, geographic, political, economic and social factors

examine nationalism as an identity, internalized feeling and/or collective consciousness shared by a people Should nation be the foundation of identity? Stage One of the Revolution Old Regime
3 Estates
Uprisings
Why was the 3rd Estate so unhappy?
Tennis Court Oath
Importance?
Creation of the National Assembly
Why did it fail?
Storming the Bastille
Importance? Events & Concepts a fundamental document o in the history of human rights, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal
The last article of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen was adopted on 23 August 1789
The first step toward writing a constitution for France Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen Equality Fraternity Liberty Rights Freedom Strength Endurance Democracy Unity Progress Work Dignity Struggle Solidarity Health Peace Prosperity God The phrase "Liberté, égalité, fraternité" became the national motto of France Aftermath of the March Royals forced to return to Paris and confined in the Tuileries Palace Most of the ground work is laid out by the Declaration of the Rights of Man

limited monarchy
elected officials in government
distinction between clergy, noble and commoners disappeared
Guaranteed equal rights to all citizens Stage Three of Revolution Constitution of 1791
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