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"The Universe of Part of Speech"
Transcript of "The Universe of Part of Speech"
Words that join words or group of words.
Word used to express emotion through some kind of exclamation.
It is a word that shows action or state of being.
Run, Swim, Jump, Cry, Fall, Dream, etc.
State of being:
Be, appear, seem, feel, etc.
Adverbs modify—describe, restrict, or in some way qualify—verbs, adjectives,
or other adverbs.
Adverbs can also modify clauses, phrases, and entire sentences.
"The Universe of Part of Speech"
Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. (The interrogative pronoun represents the thing that the question is about.)
WHO - WHOM - WHOSE - WHICH - WHAT
won the race?
shall we ask?
did they take?
is the greater?
for people, and
Or we can use
for people or things.
WHO - WHOM - WHOSE- WHICH - THAT
A relative pronoun is used to start a description for a noun. (This description is called an adjective clause or a relative clause.) The description comes after the noun
made your dress
is waiting outside.
I saw the dog
ate the cake.
We did not know the tune
had been playing...
The council will meet Professor Dobbs,
they expect an apology.
My greatest concern was the tide
we stood little chance.
Demonstrative pronouns are used to replace specific people or things that have been previously mentioned.
THIS - THESE / THAT - THOSE
is very smelly.
You can smell
Do not paint
replace a SINGULAR nouns. /
replace a PLURAL nouns.
is used with another noun (or pronoun) when something does something to itself.
MYSELF - YOURSELF - HIMSELF - HERSELF
ITSELF - OURSELVES - THEMSELVES
in the mirror.
Why do you blame
My dog hurt
Can you help
They cannot look after
show ownership. The term possessive pronoun covers possessive adjectives and absolute possessive pronouns.
MINE - YOURS - HIS - HERS - OURS - THEIRS
This hat is
Is this book
This belongs to John. It's
I forgot my book, so Susan gave me
Their country is bigger than
Our city is as nice as
refers to a non-specific person or thing.
The most common ones are
all, any, anyone, anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody,
A classic is
wants to have read and
wants to read. (Mark Twain, 1835-1910)
Of those who say
are silent. (Thomas Neill)
is funny as long as it is happening to
else. (Will Rogers, 1879-1935)
likes a kidder, but
lends him money. (Arthur Miller, 1915-2005)
I don't know
about music. In my line, you don't have to. (Elvis Presley, 1935-1977)
The seven basic pronouns have one form when they are used as subjects and another form when they are used as objects.
Objects are what is affected by the action of the subject.
ME - YOU - HIM - HER - IT - US - THEM
Horses don't like
She talks to
Is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. (The Subject)
I - YOU - HE - SHE - IT - WHE - THEY
love the music.
are a very lucky girl.
is my brother.
is a tomatoe.
are the champions.
are my classmates.
Coordinating --- FANBOYS
Subordinating --- Most common: before, after, during, until, although, because, when, since, than, that, etc.
he's very famous he is still nice.
I like tea
She goes to the tennis club
she likes to play tennis.
He reads magazines,
he doesn't like to read books.
Do you like tea
he's lost his money, he couldn't go to the restaurant.
WHOA! - WOW! - HEY! - OH! - OUCH! (etc)
I didn’t know that!”
that is just aggravating.”
that smells so good.”
Oh God, Batman!
The Joker is back in Gotham!”
I’m over here!”
in the Ballet.
with Mr. Darcy.
tennis on Mondays.
Often - hardly ever - sometimes - quickly - yesterday
Word or phrase that functions as a connector, uniting a noun (or a word or a group of words functioning as a noun) or a pronoun with another word in the sentence.
The noun being connected is called
the object of the
AT - IN - ON - AT - OUT - AMONG - THROUGH - ABOVE - OVER (etc)
An adjective is a word used to modify — describe, restrict, or somehow qualify — nouns and pronouns.
only nouns and pronouns
; they do not
modify other adjectives, verbs, or adverbs.
SLOW - WEIRD - GREEN - LAZY - GIGANTIC, ATHLETIC
The articles are classified as adjectives.
is called the definite article because it is used to indicate something specific.
are called the indefinite articles because they are used to indicate something unspecific.
A - AN - THE
picture-hook to hang ths picture.
A noun is a word used to represent general classes of people, places, and things or something a bit more intangible, such as ideas.
A general name, place or thing.
Common nouns do not provide specificity or point to
one certain thing or idea.
A proper noun, often referred to as a proper
name, is still a noun, but it identifies a specific person, place, or thing.
An abstract noun cannot be seen, felt, heard, smelled or tasted.
Freedom, love, power
Count nouns identify people, places, and things that, simply,
can be counted.
Dolphin, pencil, glasses.
Uncountable nouns name things that
are not counted
, either because
they reference a group of people or things or
because they are abstract.
Junk, sand, flour.
can be seen, felt, heard, smelled or tasted.
Compound nouns are a type of noun that it's made of
two or more words
Six pack, underground, hair cut,
composed of members
, usually people.
Council, Family, Company, Team.
Sometimes though there is no article associated with a noun and this can be called the 'zero' article.
I like butter
Beans are good for you
Beans are good for you.