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Music Therapy

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by

Nicolette Roselli

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Music Therapy

Music Therapy

Strategies/Techniques
Music type
Why
How
When
Types of Music
Popularization
Later became evident that hospital musicians needed prior training before entering the facility
Practicality
The Science
Behind Music Therapy
Chris Ferrer, Alexa Francisco, Janet Lau, Nicolette Roselli
Benefits of Music Therapy
Reduce agitation, anxiety, irritability, restlessness
Short-term
Decreases behavioral problems
Physically aggressive
Physically non-aggressive
Verbal agitation
Increases sensory awareness
Enhances mood and social interaction
Promote well-being
Benefits of Music Therapy Con't
Improves communication between caregivers and participants
Increases self-esteem and pleasure
Improved quality of life
"Familiar voice"
Benefits of Music Therapy con't
Decide what music you like
What music suits your mood?
-produces a sense of familiarity and centeredness for you
-slower tempo promotes a calm, meditative state
-classical is known to be the most calm
-gentle music with a familiar melody is comforting
-sounds of nature are made for relaxation
-strong beats can stimulate brainwaves to resonate in sync with beat
-lyrics vs. no lyrics
Enjoyable and accessible
Elevates mood and energy
Relieves pain and improved quality of sleep
Opportunity to reconnect
Encourages emotional expression
Promotes acceptance and development of new perspectives and identity
Who needs music therapy???
When?
In your daily life
Music therapy is used in many different populations to address the physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of those individuals.
It is used to treat many neurological, emotional, and stress related disorders such as:
-While conducting regular activities
-Getting ready in the morning
-During a commute
-Taking a bath or shower
-Cooking
-Eating
-Cleaning
-Before bed
-Doing homework/studying
-Exercising
Alzheimer's disease
Depression
Autism
PTSD
Music Therapy
& Surgery
Research has shown that when compared to a control group, patients who listened to music before surgery had lower blood levels of cortisol. (Lerdi et al)
Music therapy sessions are customized to fit the needs of the patient.
Although all patients are treated differently, most start with a hello song.
This engages the patient and makes them comfortable with their counselor.
0:30 - 1:16
Music therapy addresses communication difficulties associated with many neurological disorders
Meet Johnathan:
9 years old
on the spectrum for Autism
Has communication difficulties
Non-verbal
0:05 -
0:34
Music therapy empowers Johnathan to communicate through non verbal means while making him more comfortable with communication
Music Therapy
Brings People to Life
Meet Henry:
Mid to late 70s
Has suffered multiple strokes
Alzheimers & Dementia
Has trouble remembering his past, and recognizing his family members.
(0:53 - 1:05), (2:22 - 3:05),
(3:20 - 5:31
Music therapy has helped Henry reconnect with his past, and brings joy to his present.
Music is processed in many parts of the Brain!
It has the ability to stimulate parts of the brain that are not being stimulated by other stimuli
Research supports parallels between non-music functioning and music assisted tasks.
ANY QUESTIONS?
How?
-Radio
-CDs
-iPod
-Music apps: Youtube, Pandora, 8tracks, Spotify, Songza, RockMyRun, FITRadio
-Calms and comforts
-Relaxing and peaceful
-Releases tension
-Helps with pain management
-Motivating
-Increases productivity
-Increases enjoyment of what you're doing
-Faster beats can bring a sharper concentration and more alert thinking
-Can improve learning and memory skills ("The Mozart Effect")
Reduces stress!
Several ways to access different types of music
singing along to music can be a great release of tension!
History of Music Therapy
1789:
Earliest known reference appeared in a magazine
1800s:
First recorded music therapy intervention in an institutional setting
1800s:
Earliest scientific writings appeared in two medical dissertations
Two students wrote on the therapeutic value of music
1900s:
Several short-lived organizations were formed
1890s-1940s:
Hospitals tried to "mirror the outside world"
Patients had notable physical and emotional responses to the music
Medical Model-
music was used in a variety of experimental ways with medical treatment
Recreational Model-
music was essentially a therapeutic form of entertainment
WWII:
entertainers were used to boost the morale of troops at war
Musicians at home found a role working in hospitals with returning veterans who were often both physically and mentally scarred
Need for a college curriculum!
First music therapy program in the US
1944: Michigan State University established the first academic program in music therapy; other universities followed
Similar research going on in London
London also established private music therapy schools
American Association for Music Therapy
Dementia
Mood & stress related Disorders
Many More!!!
Why?
The only way to truly show the power of music therapy is to take a first hand look into an actual session!!
What is Music Therapy?
Music Therapy is the clinical use of music intervention to accomplish individualized goals
Provides a therapeutic relationship with a professional who has completed an approved music therapy program
Music Therapy is a stress management technique that can help individuals relax
Patients gain physical and emotional healing and an overall sense of wellness
Therapy sessions can involve listening to music, making music or both
Full transcript