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ESC September 2016 - Experts Committee

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Ciudades Emergentes y Sostenibles

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Transcript of ESC September 2016 - Experts Committee

3/5
Ciudades
4/8
Ciudades
25 IDB Operations
US$ 4.500 million
IMPLEMENTATION STAGE
Mobilization of long-term financing in support of prioritized interventions in the Action Plan
US$ 1.924 million
US$ 2.576 million
Strategic Alliances
*Total amount of committed loans 2012-2016
Local Development Banks
Action Plans for 36 ESC Cities
Execution phase
Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Valdivia, Chile
Montería, Colombia
Barranquilla, Colombia
Trujillo, Perú
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Montevideo, Uruguay
Santa Ana, El Salvador
Puerto España, Trinidad y Tobago
Asunción, Paraguay
Cochabamba, Bolivia
Goiania, Brazil
Salta, Argentina
Linked to the ESC program. Includes:
(a) Loans approved that were re-directed to support the program.
(b) Work-related loans approved in ESC Cities. (c) Loans in the pipeline for approval 2016.
ACTION PLAN
+50
Strategic
Partnerships

ESCI
Comprehensive
Prevention of Violence
Public Private Partnerships
Urban Renewal
Linear Park
Flood Control
Reconstruction of
Water Collectors
Recovery of
Public Spaces
10%
7
years
STRATEGIC
PARTNERSHIPS
One of the most important strategies for the Initiative is the formation of partnerships with local development institutions.

These strategic partnerships have made it possible to broaden the Initiative’s impact and coverage, put in place additional implementation schemes, and promote the ESCI methodology as a regional public good.
Refinements to the Methodology

Additional Baseline Studies
Urban mobility diagnostic

Solid waste mgmt system

Baseline energy studies

Public safety diagnostics
Public finances

Bike- and walkability

Water and wastewater

Connectivity
Huracán Odile
Septiembre 2014
La Paz BCS, Mexico
Vulnerability Assessment and Risk Analysis
Inundation Scenario
(+50cm & 100cm SLR + 100 Storm Inundation
ESTIMATING THE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE GAP
These figures include 306 urban infrastructure projects and suggest that each city requires US$586.61 million for sustainable growth investments on average.
Mobility
(33%),
Water and Sanitation
(27%), and
Adaptation to Climate Change
(14%) represent nearly three quarters of total investment costs.
Urban Infrastructure Investment Costs
San José, Costa Rica
Source:
ESCI 2016, 34 intermediate cities with Action Plan
- Distribution by sector -
Investment costs for ESCI prioritized interventions represent about
0.52% of LAC’s 2014 GDP
(
US$ 586.61 million per city
).

The regional sub-national infrastructure gap can be calculated two ways:

By multiplying the total number of medium-sized, emerging cities in LAC (IDB, 2015) by average investment requirements for prioritized projects, which suggests that the urban infrastructure deficit could be close to
US$141.9 billion for intermediate cities

Adding this latter figure to average investment needs for large cities in LAC (20 cities with over 2.5 million inhabitants), which then suggests that the urban infrastructure deficit could be close to:
Cumaná, Venezuela
of LAC’s 2014 GDP
4.2
%
Urban infrastructure deficit
billion
165
US$
Bottom-up approach
* The figures calculated refer to the total investment (stock) required to close the gap to an adequate level of sustainability as defined in the ESCI Action Plan.
*
High vulnerability to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change
Many cities are at great risk to main hazards of flooding, exacerbated over time as projections indicate an increase in rainfall intensity and rising sea levels.
Nassau, Bahamas
Cuenca, EC
Xalapa, MX
Xela, GU
Asunción, PY
Northern Dev.
Corridor, HA
João Pessoa, BR
Montería, CO
Pasto, CO
Paraná, AR
Campeche, MX
Cumaná, VE
Bridgetown, BA
Tegucigalpa, HO
San José, CR
Santiago de los
Caballeros, RD
Palmas, BR
Vitoria, BR
Florianópolis, BR
Cartagena, CO
Valledupar, CO
Añelo, AR
Las Heras, AR
Huancayo, PE
Goiânia, BR
Montevideo, UR
Port of Spain, TT
Trujillo, PE
Santa Ana, SV
Cochabamba, BO
Managua, NI
Mar del Plata, AR
Montego Bay, JA
Barranquilla, CO
Bucaramanga, CO
Manizales, CO
Pereira, CO
La Paz, MX
Salta, AR
Valdivia, CH
11
26
39
16
5
51
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
new cities
10
13
5
pilot cities
12
Regular program
26 cities
Additional program
45 cities
new cities
new cities
new cities
La Serena - Coquimbo, CH
Paramaribo, SU
Nassau, BH
Belize City, BE
Ciudad de Panamá, PA
Toluca, MX
Villavicencio, CO
Armenia, CO
P. Montt - P. Varas, CH
Goya, AR
Santa Marta, CO
Cuzco, PE
71
20
new cities
Georgetown, GY
Ibagué, CO
Neiva, CO
Popayán, CO
Riohacha, CO
Bahía Blanca, AR
Allen, AR
Malargüe, AR
Mendoza, AR
Jujuy, AR
La Plata, AR
Três Lagoas, BR
Lázaro Cárdenas, MX
Tapachula, MX
Salina Cruz, MX
Coiatzacoalcos, MX
Chetumal, MX
Hermosillo, MX
Pelotas, BR
Uberlandia, BR
cities
* up to June 2016
Strategic Partnerships
with Local Development Institutions
7
Resource mobilization:
4.500
million
US$
2016
ESCI Scaling Up
Cities that are not sustainable...
Mainstreaming Climate Change into Urban Planning
Impact in the cost of providing public services
Impact in informality
Impact in exclusion
ESCI leveraged
US$3
additional
WORKFORCE WITH UNIVERSITY STUDIES
Sustainable and Competitive Local Economic Development
HUMAN CAPITAL
EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES
INTERNATIONALIZATION
AIRPORTS
PORTS
PER CAPITA GDP IN THE CITY
PRODUCTIVITY
GDP GROWTH RATE
ANNUAL INCREASE OF COMPANIES
BUSINESS NETWORK
COMPANIES WITH QUALITY CERTIFICATION
SPENDING ON R + D + I
RESEARCH + DEVELOPMENT + INNOVATION
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
LABOR MARKET
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
FINANCIAL SECTOR
TIME TO PREPARE AND PAY TAXES
FISCAL ENVIRONMENT
TAX INCENTIVES FOR BUSINESSES
SPACES FOR INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
CLUSTERS
COMPANIES WITH OWN WEB
CONNECTIVITY
FIXED SPEED BANDWIDTH
DAYS FOR BUSINESS LICENSE
EXISTENCE OF LOGISTICS PLATFORM
INDICATORS
Resources Execution
Events
Diagnostic and Action Plan
Pre-investment
Financial Close
Construction and Operation
18 months
2 years
1 a 3 years
2 a 3 years
6 - 9 years
Project cycle
NEW URBAN AGENDA
3rd Edition - October 2016
Building cycle-inclusive cities in Latin America and the Caribbean.

2500 downloads
Compilation and standarization of 30 public opinion surveys in different intermediate size cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. 85 million people are represented.

5000 downloads
The Road toward Smart Cities: Migrating from Traditional City Management to the Smart City

9000 downloads
Course on Cities Sustainability

Challenges of Fiscal Management and Good Governance
MOOC
- Massive Open Online Courses
12.000 participants (1st & 2nd edition)

3rd edition starts September 27, 2016
Enero 25
Visita/Presentación NADBANK San Antonio, Texas

Febrero 3-4
Taller de Capacitación ICES –
Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul São Paulo, Brasil

Febrero 12
Encuentro de Alcaldes Costa Caribe Santa Marta, Colombia

Marzo 7
UN Hábitat, Reunión de trabajo del clúster -Financiamiento de Infraestructura Urbana Bogotá, Colombia

Marzo 9
UN Hábitat, Reunión Regional sobre Financiamiento de Infraestructura Urbana México D.F

Abril 1
Foro Mundial de la Bicicleta Santiago, Chile

Abril 7
Asamblea Anual del BID (PP avances Plan de Acción) Nassau, Bahamas

Abril 20 – 21
Foro Ciudades Puerto Cartagena, Colombia
Abril 26 - 28
Taller Mecanismos de Captura de Plusvalía Cuenca, Ecuador

Mayo 18 – 20
Masterclass | Gehl Architects Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mayo 30 - 31
Foro Alcaldes Alemania – LAC Hamburgo, Alemania

Junio 20-21
PPP Américas Santiago, Chile

Junio 27 – 29
Taller de capacitación ICES Ciudades Argentina Buenos Aires, Argentina

Julio 12
Work Shop, Smart Cities Washington D.C.

Julio 14
Lanzamiento: Voces Emergentes Washington D.C.

Agosto 22 - 24
UIMP, Curso de Sostenibilidad de Ciudades: Los Retos de la Gestión Fiscal y de la Buena Gobernanza Santander, España

Septiembre 9
Consejo Asesor Externo de ICES Washington, DC

Septiembre 13 - 15
Taller de capacitación ICES Ciudades Colombia Bogotá
Octubre 6
Comité Anual Donantes/Socios Estrategicos ICES Washington, DC

Octubre 13-14
Encuentro Ciudades Creativas, Universidad UADE Buenos Aires, Argentina

Octubre 15 - 17
Evento Pre-UN Hábitat (Demand Solutions) Quito, Ecuador

Octubre 17 – 20
UN Hábitat Quito, Ecuador

Octubre 24
Seminario ICES para Asian Development Bank Washington D.C.

Noviembre 14
Foro PPP For Cities Barcelona, España

Noviembre 15-17
Expo Smart Cities Barcelona Barcelona, España
Noviembre China LAC Business Forum China

Por Definir
UrbanLab Buenos Aires, Argentina

Por Definir
UrbanLab Santa Marta, Colombia

Por Definir
Taller de capacitación ICES Ciudades México México D.F
2016
San José - Costa Rica
US$37.2 M
Total:
US$89,3 M
Panama City, Panama
Housing and Urban Development Division (HUD)

IFD
Urban Cluster (24)

ESCI
Emerging and
Sustainable Cities (57)


Expansion of cities of the ESC program
Governance of Metropolitan Areas
Urban Infrastructure Financing Challenges
It is crucial to strengthen cities’ finances by improving fiscal and financial management practices at the sub-national level.
Pre-investment studies are indispensable
to access long term financing.

Technical assistance and pre-investment fund.
Innovative Financial Instruments

Local Taxes and Betterment of Levies

Value Capture
Rosario, Argentina
Environmental Urban Corridor, Choluteca River
Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Window for Guarantee Funds through AAA credit rated institutions. Improving cities’ credit rating scores in the region is a long road ahead.
Water treatment plant
Cash Flows
Purchase Agreement (off-take) of water treated
50 pesos/m3
La Paz BCS, México
Credit Rating
Commercial
Bank
Not fundable without guarantee
BB
AAA
Difficulty for cities to access financial markets.
US$
(for illustration purposes)
Private Sector
A Way Forward
Fiscal Sustainability
Pre-Investment
Guarantee
Financial Commitment to leverage Private Capital Markets
Sustainable Urban Infrastructure Projects
CITIES
Donors



Private Foundations



Development Institutions



National Goverments
Technical Assistance Fund
Technical Assistance Fund
Multi Trust Fund to support urban infrastructure development in LAC
(AAA rated Back-Stop Facility)
User Fees
40%
Only
of costs are
recovered
Paper in progress, developing together with
UN Habitat for
UN Habitat III
.
Governance /
The Challenge Of How To Manage Metropolitan Areas
Territorial borders: The border is not political, but geographical
Conversion of the rail network in mass transit. San José, Costa Rica
Climate Change
Resiliency
Housing and Urban Development Division (HUD)
Integration of the Urban Cluster and the ESCI program (March 31 2016)
IFD
Urban Cluster
Upgrading Slums
Housing
Historic Centers
Technical Assistance Program to mobilize long capital flows to intermediate cities
ESCI
Emerging and Sustainable Cities
VPS
Vice President for Sectors and Knowledge
CSD
Climate Change & Sustainable Dev Sector
HUD
Housing & Urban Development Division
CCS
Climate
Change
Division
RND
Environment, Rural Dev & Disaster Risk Mgmt Division
Juan Pablo Bonilla
Santiago Levy
Ellis J. Juan
Pedro Martel
Amal Amin
Full transcript