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EOC practice

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Lea Rackley

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of EOC practice

EOC Practice
Activity: use context clues to help determine the meaning of the highlighted word or phrase in each sentence. Make sure you are able to identify the context clue.

1. The man was arrested for
impersonating
a police officer. After all, it is a serious crime to pretend that you are a member of law enforcement.

2. The speech therapist helped me to
enunciate
, or pronounce my words more clearly.

3. the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. As such, there is great debate over the role of Supreme Court justices. Some justices seem to
legislate from the bench.
In a sense this can give the justices the same power as the people who write the laws.
Context Clues
When you see an unfamiliar word or phrase in your reading, the first strategy you should try is to just keep reading. Many times, your brain will make sense of the word or phrase by connecting it to what you have already comprehended from the selection.

You may also use the following steps to analyze context clues:
1. Reread the sentence that contains the unfamiliar word or phrase.
2. Ask yourself what the author is trying to say.
3. Look for context clues (i.e., explanations, examples, descriptions, synonyms, antonyms) to the word's or phrase's meaning in that sentence. If you can't find any clues, you should...
reread that sentence plus the surrounding sentences.
look for and identify context clues for the unfamiliar word or phrase.
4. After identifying context clues, guess what the unfamiliar word or phrase means. Then substitute that meaning for the word or phrase in the sentence as you reread it.
5. Check to see if that meaning makes sense with the rest of the sentence/paragraph.
6. If the meaning makes sense, continue reading the selection. If not, reread the entire paragraph and surrounding paragraphs. Then, return to step 3 and search for different clues.
Strategies

1. The man was arrested for
impersonating
a police officer. After all, it is a serious crime to pretend that you are a member of law enforcement.
what does "impersonating" mean? what context clue helped you figure it out?

2. The speech therapist helped me to
enunciate
, or pronounce my words more clearly.
what does "enunciate" mean? what context clue helped you figure it out?

3. the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. As such, there is great debate over the role of Supreme Court justices. Some justices seem to
legislate from the bench.
In a sense this can give the justices the same power as the people who write the laws.
what does it mean to "legislate from the bench"? What context clue helped you figure it out?
share your answers:
words are often made of word parts. each word part has meaning. We can use the meanings of each word part to figure out the meaning of the word.

Come up with as many words as you can think of that begin with each word part:

1. "dis"-apart, away from, not.
2. "pre"- before
3. "re"- again
4. "un"- not
5. "y" or "ly"- adjective or adverb ending
6. "ness"- having the quality of.
Word Analysis: roots & affixes
what words did you come up with? Identify
how the word part contributes to the meaning of
the word.
1. "dis"-apart, away from, not.
2. "pre"- before
3. "re"- again
4. "un"- not
5. "y" or "ly"- adjective or adverb ending
6. "ness"- having the quality of.
read the following paragraph and summarize it
in your own words. Make sure to include the main
ideas in your summary.

Every Saturday the biking club meets at 9am for a 6-mile bike ride. On this particular Saturday, eight of the club members were gathered. It was 9:10, so they were discussing whether to get started or wait a few more minutes for James and Beth. Just then, they saw James riding towards them. When James arrived, he told them that Beth was sick and would not be coming. The group made their usual ride around town. They rode around Lake Brune and then down Main Street. They passed lots of people enjoying the spring morning. They saw a garage sale, a construction crew repairing the sidewalk, and a banner announcing a town parade the following Saturday. The riders ended their trek at their usual spot-- the Hometown Diner. They went in, ordered their food, and ate. When the bill came, Maria realized she had forgotten her money. Blake offered to lend her the money. She promised to pay him back the following Saturday. That's when the group remembered the sign. they would not be able to make their usual ride that day.
summarizing
Strategies:
1. read the text.
2. Identify the main ideas and key details (you might want to underline or circle them.) Write these main ideas in list form.
3. Begin with the first item on the list. Use your own words to restate this idea. Continue to do this for each item on the list.
4. Look over your list of restated ideas. Organize these ideas into complete sentences. The length of a summary depends on the length of the original text; for along passage, the summary will likely be a paragraph.
5. Reread the text. Make sure your summary captures the main points and is written in your own words.
Notes on Narration:

The narrator is the person who tells the story. In fiction, the author makes up a voice and point of view that the story is told from.

Points of View:

first person narrator: is a character in the story, says "I" and "me"

second person narrator: is writing to the reader, and calls the reader "you" (this is the rarest form of narration.)

third person narrator: is not part of the story, refers to all characters as "he", "she", or "they."

third person omniscient: is not part of the story and knows the inner thoughts and feelings of all the characters ("omniscient" means all-knowing.)
Citing textual evidence
read the paragraph below and use textual evidence
in your response to the question that follows.

In Herman Melville's Moby Dick, the story tells of the wandering sailor Ishmael and his voyage on the whale ship Pequod. The ship is commanded by captain Ahab. Ahab seeks only one whale, Mob Dick, a huge and ferocious white whale. The whale has previously destroyed Ahab's boat and bitten off his leg. Ahab desperately wants revenge. He is a tyrannical captain driven by his irrational desire to kill Moby Dick. Ahab ultimately dooms the ship's crew to death. During the final chase, Ahab hurls, his final harpoon at Moby Dick. While the harpoon is lodged in the whale, Ahab is tangled in the rope and dragged into the sea. Moby Dick then destroys the Pequod and its crew. Only Ishmael survives.

1. What sort of man is Captain Ahab? How do you think Ishmael feels about him? Use evidence from the passage in your response.
strategies:
good readers are able to use evidence from the
text to justify, or defend, their response to a
question about the text. You should link your
ideas to relevant textual evidence when responding
to short answer questions.
1. Identify which element of text your response
needs to address. Is it asking about a character, the
setting, the plot, etc?
2. Reread or skim the text to identify sections, sentences, phrases, or words that relate to the question.
3. Use those parts of the text as evidence and include them in your response. Be sure to use quotation marks around portions of textual evidence cited in your response.
analyze setting
Read the setting and plot below. Write down why you think the setting is crucial to the story, and explain why.

setting: Jupiter in the future

plot: a family struggles to find a way to enjoy the outdoors the way their ancestors used to on Earth, even though they cannot do so on Jupiter.
Answer:

It is crucial that this story takes place on Jupiter because the main conflict is not something that would happen in another place, like on earth.
Notes:
analyzing characters
A character is a person, animal, or mythical creature in a story. The characters are the ones who perform all the action. Character traits can be physical, such as hair color and height. They also may describe the character's attitude or disposition (friendly, shy, outgoing, etc.)

strategies for analyzing characters:
1. Consider the narrator's description of the character.
2. Think about the character's own dialogue and actions.
3. Look at how the character interacts with others.
4. Relate what you have learned about the character to what you know about the behaviors and actions of real people.
5. Make your own simple judgement statement or description of the character.
character activity:
1. Make up a character. List their name, three physical character traits, and three traits about their attitude or disposition.
2. Write a creative short story about this character (at least 1 paragraph.)
Vocabulary: use each word in a creative sentence!
REBUFF – to refuse bluntly or reject
“Over and over again, Anna was rebuffed by passersby who said they didn’t want to buy the Girl Scout Cookies she was selling.”

INSCRUTABLE – unreadable or difficult to understand
“Nick got an F on his exam, not because he hadn’t studied, but because his handwriting was inscrutable.”

GROVEL – to beg, plead, or act humbly
“Adrianna was forced to grovel for another chance before her boss after he threatened to fire her for being late for the fifth time.”

IOTA – a very small amount or quantity
“The dog was disappointed that his bowl contained not a single iota of food.”

VULNERABLE – unprotected or easily injured
“When boxers fight, they try to cover the most vulnerable areas like their heads.”
Notes on Theme:

A
theme
is an overall concept or idea in a work. This is not the same as the main idea, which is usually more specific to the work itself. For example, consider the following theme and main idea:

theme:
family is a valuable part of our lives.

main idea:
if you are dishonest with your family members, you may destroy your relationships.

strategies:
use these step-by-step guidelines to help you identify the theme in a literary work:

1. Read the text.
2. Ask yourself if the writer is making an observation about life or human nature.
3. Look for a universal theme, or an idea that is presented in stories around the world.
activity:

1. Write down three of your favorite movies.
2. Write down what you think the theme is in each movie.
notes on frequently confused words:

There, their, they're:
There: in or at that place.
we went there.
Their: the possessive case of "they."
It belonged to them. It was theirs.
They're: contraction of "they are".

They're happy.
To, too, two:
To: expresses motion or direction toward something.
Give the keys to her.
Too: in addition, also.
Me, too!
Two: a number.
One plus one is two.

Write a sentence for each word that demonstrates
its proper use.
Notes:

Homophone:
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning
.

examples:

Affect/Effect:
Affect: to act on, or to produce an effect. "cold weather affected the crops."
Effect: something that is produced. "sun exposure had the effect of burning his skin."

Addition/Edition:
Addition: the act or process of adding. "they are building an addition to the house.
Edition: one of a series of printings of the same book, newspaper, etc. Or: a version of something."The newspaper now has an online edition."

Aisle/Isle
Aisle: a walkway between or along sections of seats. "The aisles in the theater are littered with popcorn."
Isle: a small island. "The Isle of Palms."

Aloud/Allowed
Aloud: vocally, in a speaking voice. "She read the book aloud."
Allowed: permitted by rules. "She was allowed to go to the party."

Practice: write a sentence that demonstrates the correct use of each homophone above.
pronouns:

pronouns refer to a noun whose identity has been made clear earlier in the text.
Examples: I, you, he, she, we, they, it
it is confusing when we do not know who a pronoun refers to.
For example:
"They say that eating beef is bad for you."
Who is "they"? Cows? This is a sloppy use of pronouns.

practice:
write a sentence that uses a pronoun AND makes it clear who the pronoun refers to.
example: "Jessica and Maya have been friends for a long time. In fact, they are practically sisters."
The pronoun "they" refers to Jessica and Maya.
Vocabulary Practice:
Copy down the following words and their definitions, then use each in a sentence:

TRAVAIL – hard physical exertion or agony
“Completing the marathon was quite a travail for DeAngelo, but he was proud as he crossed the finish line.”

B
ASK – to relax in warmth or be satisfied
“Florida is a great vacation destination if you like to bask in the sun.”

W
ILY – clever or crafty
“Magicians and pickpockets have one thing in common: they are both wily.”
spring semester
1. It is essential for humankind to find another
home. The
population in the year 2134 has reached earth’s threshold of sustainability.
Which revision of the red section best combines the sentences into one complex sentence?
A) home; as long as the
B) home, the
C) home because the
D) home, but the
The correct answer is C.
Read this sentence:
The author warns, “The trip is expected to take more than ten years, and the energy-carrying capacity of the Magellan will not allow for a return trip to Earth”.
What is the correct way to punctuate the sentence?
F) “The author warns, the trip is expected to take more than ten years, and the energy-carrying capacity of the Magellan will not allow for a return trip to Earth”.
G) “The author warns. The trip is expected to take more than ten years, and the energy-carrying capacity of the Magellan will not allow for a return trip to Earth.”
H) The author warns. “The trip is expected to take more than ten years, and the energy-carrying capacity of the Magellan will not allow for a return trip to Earth”.
J) The author warns, “The trip is expected to take more than ten years, and the energy-carrying capacity of the Magellan will not allow for a return trip to Earth.”
Read this sentence:

The mission is to set up a colony
on Nebulus and to send back to Earth scientific reports on the suitability of the
planet for long term human settlement.

W
hat is the best way to write the underlined portions of the sentence above?

A)The mission, is to set up a colony on Nebulus and to send back to Earth scientific reports on the suitability of the planet for long-term human settlement.
B)The mission is, to set up a colony on Nebulus and to send back to Earth scientific reports on the suitability of the planet for long term human settlement.
C)The mission is to set up a colony on Nebulus and to send back to Earth scientific reports on the suitability of the planet for long-term human settlement.
D)No change
Which of these would be useful for the Magellan’s crew, heading on a ten-year journey with no hope of return?
F) avant-garde
G) du jour
H) esprit de corps
J) faux pas
Avant garde:
of or pertaining to the experimental treatment of artistic, musical, or literary material.

Du jour:
current, fashionable, of the day.

Esprit de corps:
a sense of unity and of common interests and responsibilities, as developed among a group of persons closely associated in a task, cause, enterprise, etc. (bonding, fellowship.)

Faux pas:
a slip or blunder in etiquette, manners, or conduct.
Read this sentence:

Have you ever had a difficult time
determine
what to
take on a lengthy journey?

How should the red word be revised?
A) determined
B) determining
C) to determine
D) is determining
Read this sentence.

Have you ever had a difficult time determining what to take on a lengthy journey? Put yourself in the shoes of the main characters in The Next Step, the latest work of fiction by Kimberly Schroeder, and you will find that
job
absurdly easy the next time you plan for a long trip.

Which word would be a more precise replacement
for "job"?
F) Career
G) Task
H) Homework
J) Position
Please let me know. If you have any need for my services.

What is the correct way to write the underlined
section to correct the sentence fragment?

A) know if you
B) know, if you
C) know; if you
D) know, and if you
Read this sentence:

My English, teacher Mrs. McLeary recently
mentioned you.

Which revision shows the correct comma
usage?

F)My English teacher Mrs. McLeary, recently
mentioned you.
G)My English teacher Mrs. McLeary recently,
mentioned you.
H)My English, teacher Mrs. McLeary recently
mentioned, you.
J)My English teacher, Mrs. McLeary, recently
mentioned you.
Read this sentence.

My name is Bryce
Johnson I am a freshman
at
Mellon high school.

How should the underlined part be revised?

A) Johnson, I am a freshman
B) Johnson and, I am a freshman
C) Johnson; I am a freshman
D) Johnson and I am a freshman,
Read this sentence.

She spoke very highly of you as
a student, even showing
we
students
some of your writing projects as
models to follow.

Which pronoun is the best replacement
for the red word?

F) us
G) you
H) them
J) no change
Read this sentence.

She said that, "you have done wonderful
work since graduating from Mellon High."

What is the correct way to punctuate
this sentence?

A) She said, "that you have done wonderful
work since graduating from Mellon High."
B) She said "that you have done wonderful
work since graduating from Mellon High."
C) She said, that you have done wonderful
work since graduating from Mellon High.
D) She said that you have done wonderful
work since graduating from Mellon High.
I am a very organized and energetic student.
_______________ I could assist you in any
capacity, from filing or processing documents
to helping with the shipping of materials.

Which word provides the best transition between
sentences?

F) However
G) Likewise
H) Therefore
J) Otherwise
The volunteer board was amazed at the
quantity and quality of vegetables and
offered Mrs. Carter
his and her
thanks.

Which word is the best replacement?
A) his
B) her
C) our
D) its
Writing Practice:

1.) Write a few sentences about your life after you graduate high school in first-person narrative.
example: I went to college, received good grades, and became a marine biologist.
2.)Write a few sentences about your life after you graduate high school in third person narrative.
example: Delvontea went to college, received good grades, and he became a marine biologist.
3.)Write a few sentences about your life after you graduate high school in third person omniscient narrative.
example: Delvontea went to college, received good grades, and when he became a marine biologist, he thought, "I started from the bottom, now I'm here!"
share out!

what did you write?
Notes on Strategies:
1. Identify setting(s). Look for details of where and when the action takes place.
2. Make inferences about the setting. The setting may not be directly stated. Combine prior knowledge with story details. What can you see, hear, smell, taste or feel? what habits, customs, or cultural details are present?
3. Explore how setting affects the story. How does the setting cause or shape events? How does it shape actions or decisions? What do details about the setting reveal about the characters? How do time and place affect attitudes, actions, and decisions? what mood or atmosphere does the setting create? Which physical and mental sensations are evoked by the setting?
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