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Transcript of Memory Presentation
Carter, K. & Seifert, C. (2013). Learn Psychology. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
by Hermisha Washington
What is Memory.....memory is the ability to remember information, experiences and people.
The stages of memory are:
Encoding is the first step to creating a memory. It allows the perceived item of interest to be converted into a construct that can be stored within the brain, and then recalled later from short-term or long-term memory.
Storage is the more or less passive process of retaining information in the brain, whether in the sensory memory, the short-term memory or the more permanent long-term memory. Each of these different stages of human memory function as a sort of filter that helps to protect us from the flood of information that confront us on a daily basis, avoiding an overload of information and helping to keep us sane. The more the information is repeated or used, the more likely it is to be retained in long-term memory (which is why, for example, studying helps people to perform better on tests).
Why do we forget?
Three Approaches to Learning.
Retrieval of memory refers to the subsequent re-accessing of events or information from the past, which have been previously .encoded and stored in the brain. In common parlance, it is known as remembering. During recall, the brain "replays" a pattern of neural activity that was originally generated in response to a particular event, echoing the brain's perception of the real event.
Ultra short memory that degrades very quickly within a half second. It is the ability to retain impressions of sensory information after the original stimuli have ended.
Short Term Memory
Temporary recall of the information which is being processed. The information will disappear unless we make conscious efforts to retain it.
Long Term Memory
There are four catergories to long term memory which are:
Declarative memory: the memory of facts events and consciously recalled memories.
Memories of experiences and events.
Structured records of facts, meanings, concepts and knowledge, about the world we acquired.
The unconscious memory of skills and how to do things.