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Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

Manara Academy - 6th Grade Soc. Studies
by

Jerry Lubos

on 28 September 2014

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Transcript of Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

What is Rosh Hashanah?
Rosh Hashanah + Yom Kippur
Lubos
A ram's horn, it is a 3000-year old instrument that is blown like a trumpet
100 notes are blown in the synagogue (temple) each day during the holiday
It symbolizes a "call to action"
It marks the beginning of the Ten Days of Repentance where you must take responsibility for your actions
People of Jewish faith celebrate the "head/first of the year" (Jewish New Year)
Two days are spent in deep reflection and prayer
A time where God will judge all their deeds from the past year - to correct mistakes you must go through 3 steps
Repentance -> Prayer -> Charity
A "sweet"
New Year
Food traditions:
apples dipped in honey
Challah - sweet bread
pomegranates
No bitter or sour food during this time
Symbolizes the desire for a new year filled with sweetness
On the first day, people participate in "tashlikh" (casting off) where they go to a nearby river and throw bread crumbs - symbolizes getting rid of sins
Yom Kippur
Summary:
Called the "High Holidays":
Days of Awe (Rosh Hashanah)
Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
On Yom Kippur, Jewish people fast for 25 hours and dedicate the day for intense prayer
Day meant to seek forgiveness for all the sins against God and fellow human beings
Jews are encouraged to reflect on your faults, apologize to people you've wronged, and to think about how to be a better person in the coming year
The Shofar
The Mound of Olives, Israel
LT: I can explain the purpose and traditions of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur

Phrase:
“L’shanah tova!”
– Pronounced: le-SHAH-nah TOE-vah. Meaning: "
Have a good new year!"

Phrase:
“L’shanah tova umetukah!”
– Pronounced: le-SHAH-nah TOE-vah oo-MEH-too-kah. Meaning:
"Have a good and sweet new year!"

Phrase:
“Chag sameach!”
– Pronounced: chag sah-MEH-ach. Meaning:
"Happy holiday!"

Phrase:
“gut yontef.”
Pronounced: Good YUN-tiff. Meaning:
"Have a good holiday!"
(Yiddish)
Tradition -
the handing down of customs and beliefs from generation to generation
Full transcript