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Absolutism & The Enlightenment

Honors World History
by

Karen

on 13 June 2016

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Transcript of Absolutism & The Enlightenment

Why would you want to rule in this fashion?
Absolutism played a huge role during the Age of Absolutism. Kings and Queens had absolute power. They could about anything they wanted to. Absolutism encouraged others to question if they wanted a democracy or a monarchy because of the control.
...More Fun Facts
3 Examples of Absolute Monarchs
Absolutism
Absolutism is a belief to control everything in a government .
Would you be an absolute monarch in this time period? (Justify your answer with details why or why not.)
I would not want to be an absolute monarch during this time period because I would overstress. Knowing myself, I get too freaked out and dramatic when handling a huge position, let alone having the title as queen! Overall, I would wake up feeling pressured and looking like a mess.
Absolutism & The Enlightenment
Absolute Monarchy
An absolute monarchy is a government ruled by a king who controls many different aspects of life (everything).
Pros & Cons
Pros of This Style
Decisions are made quickly because one person is in control.
No election has to take place because the position is hereditary.
Everything is in your hands.
My Crown
Sources
Web Pages:
1. https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#safe=strict&q=define+absolutism
2. https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=define+monarchy
3. http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Absolute_monarchy.html
4. http://home.comcast.net/~glennwatson550/stories/absolutism.html
5. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment
6. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/history/1600s-1800s
7. http://www.biography.com/people/philip-ii-9439348
8. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/king-philip-ii-spain.htm
9. http://www.biography.com/people/louis-xiv-9386885
10. http://skepticism.org/timeline/october-history/9155-frances-king-louis-xiv-issues-edict-ordering-destruction-huguenot-churches-france.html
11. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/john-locke-9384544
12. http://www.history.com/topics/john-locke
13. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/jean-jacques-rousseau-9465453
14. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/ren%C3%A9-descartes-37613
15. http://www.renedescartes.com/
16. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/
17. http://www.biography.com/#!/people/voltaire-9520178
18. http://www.egs.edu/library/voltaire/biography/
19. http://www.historyteacher.net/EuroProjects/ExamReviewSheets/AgeofAbsolutismReview.htm
20. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/rococo/a/a-beginners-guide-to-the-age-of-enlightenment
21. http://apecsec.org/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-monarchy/
22. Youtube- Lights-Ellie Goulding
23. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12002a.htm (Philip II)
24. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/PhillipII_government.htm
25. http://quizlet.com/3461215/age-of-absolutism-english-terms-flash-cards/
26. http://www.education.com/study-help/article/european-history-16th-century-queen-elizabeth/
27. http://listverse.com/2010/08/11/top-10-greatest-monarchs/
28. (Reason for Louis XIV nickname) https://www.msu.edu/~williss2/carpentier/part3/sunking.html
29. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/louis_xiv.shtml
30. http://faculty.ucc.edu/egh-damerow/louis_xiv.htm
31. http://philipx2.umwblogs.org/
32. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/king-philip-ii-spain.htm
33. http://www.biography.com/people/queen-elizabeth-i-9286133
34. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/absolutism
35. http://spartacus-educational.com/TUSphilip2.htm
36. http://www.history.com/topics/enlightenment
37. http://www.slideshare.net/Michelle2309/positives-and-negatives-of-philip-iis-inheritance
38. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/elizabeth_catholic_church.htm
39. http://www.mindmapinspiration.com/tag/inspiration-mind-maps-1-9/
40. http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/enlightenment/section7.rhtml
41. https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091001163546AA4Gjcb
42. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/931000/enlightened-despotism
43. http://www.iep.utm.edu/locke/
44. http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.html
45. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/usconstitution/g/social_contract.htm
46. http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/nature/hobbes-bio.html
47. http://www.articlemyriad.com/influence-enlightenment-formation-united-states/
48. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/revolutionarywar/a/amer_revolution.htm
49. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke-political/
50. http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/descartes/themes.html
51. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Enlightenment
52. http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/7994.Jean_Jacques_Rousseau
Text Sources:
53.. Jefferson, Nationalism, and the Enlightenment by: Henry Steele Commager
54. Mr. Field
55.The Timetables of History The New Third Revised Edition by: Bernard Grun

Thomas Hobbes
What impact did Thomas Hobbes have on the Age of Absolutism?
Absolutism's Role
Cons of This Style
No one can object to the ruler's decisions
Difficult to change authority internally.
The people have no power.
King Philip II of Spain
Queen Elizabeth I
Louis XIV of France
John Locke
-
Influenced the Declaration of Independence.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
-
Wrote the social contract.
Rene Descartes
-
Impacted the social contract.
Baron de Montesquieu
-
Had the idea of the 3 branches of government.
Voltaire
-
Supported freedom of speech and religion.
The Enlightenment!
John Locke
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Rene Descartes
Voltaire
Enlightened Despots was a type of absolute monarchy inspired by the Enlightenment. In my opinion, inspired sometimes means to do something similar to the original.
What were Enlightened Despots♀
created by: Karen Nguyen
A Deeper Meaning of Absolutism
The principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government.
This makes me laugh because I've always wanted to be a royal. I would want to rule in this fashion because I would be the BOSS. The people would have to obey my rules and laws. I would want to be remembered as a humble and successful queen. At the same time, I would get to live in a castle and attend fancy occasions. The experience to wear a crown, play dress up, and wear dazzling jewelry would be
awesome
!
Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
Lights- Ellie Goulding
King Philip II was born on 1527 in Valladolid, Spain.
21
This song applies to this topic because of the 'light' that's in between enlightenment. The lyrics, "I had a heart then but the queen has been overthrown" relates to the royal topics throughout the
critical

thinking

questions. Also, the light of people recognizing how education is important.
King Philip II of Spain was devoted to Catholicism and ruled by spreading the belief of this religion. King Philip's passion to Catholicism greatly impacted his actions. Instead of letting the people have a voice, Philip took all the say in everything. I think the Spanish viewed Philip as a selfish king because of his high taxes and control over everything. In my opinion, the people did not revolt because they knew Philip was powerful and were terrified if they could have a voice. King Philip II impacted religion because of his determination with the Catholic religion when he ordered the Spanish Bishops to demand on and deals with Protestants.
Louis XIV is also known as Louis the Great or the Sun King.
1638-1715
1527-1598
1533-1603
1588-1679
Louis XIV ruled France for 72 years! Louis XIV benefited France in so many ways like making France the main European power. I think the people trusted him to make the decisions, but knew he was wealthy and they wanted to have a say. In my opinion, the people did not revolt because Louis had so much power because he was filthy rich. Louis impacted religion was like Phillip II because they were both devout Catholics. Louis also ended feudalism in France and made the country more modern.
Reasons to His Style of Ruling
The People's POV
( How do i feel their people viewed Louis VIX?
Why did the people not revolt?
How did these leaders also impact religion during this time?
Thomas Hobbes' idea of the State of Nature greatly impacted the Age of Absolutism. Hobbes debated that the best form of government was the one with absolute power, in his famous book,
Leviathan.
believed in the divine right of kings
Did you know?
"Louis XIV became king at the age of four in 1643 upon the death of his father Louis XIII."
30
How did Louis XIV rule France?
Louis ruled France with a passion to make France the most powerful country and improving their military.
Did you know?
Philip II of Spain proposed to Queen Elizabeth I, but she rejected because she did not want to share her power to rule.
26
Queen Elizabeth I was known as the "Virgin Queen" because she never married anyone. Her reason was because of her dedication to her job and her people. She ruled humbly as a queen and wanted peace and consistency in her reign. Elizabeth and Philip II had similar ways of ruling, but Elizabeth was a more generous absolute monarch because she supported her people. The people thought she was supportive and was a great queen. The people did not revolt because they were content with her accomplishments to their country. Elizabeth was raised as a Catholic, but established the Act of Supremacy, which re-established the Church of England.
8, 38
The Age of Exploration led to absolute monarchies because individuals ruled too many countries.
Reasons for his style of rule
political choices
passion for religion
court
34
1,2,3,4,19,25,34
The suffix -ism= belief of something
Baron de Montesquieu
Ultimately, who is going to win out in these ideas? Why?
What impact does The Enlightenment have on us today?
How has it impacted our view of other countries today? Examples
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Franklin
"Though Americans did not win freedom for slaves, elsewhere they were more successful, and nowhere more than in that realm which was to the Old World what slavery was to the New religion."
7,8,23,24,31,32,35,37
"The Sun King was a nickname that King Louis XIV received because he chose the sun as his personal symbol. Some sources state that “the Sun King” was a nickname that the king called himself, but others say it was given to him by his subjects."
The Sun King
39
This is my crown if I was queen.
Inspiration
40
5,6,20
9,10,29,30, Mr. Field's mind
Ultimately, the people will win out in these ideas, because the population of people defeats the number of Monarchs there are.
Example: The United States of America!
I thought this was hilarious...
It's shaped our way of life with the innovative ideas that initiated during the Enlightenment.
Examples of Enlightened Despots
Frederick II (the Great)
Peter I (the Great)
Catherine II (the Great)
Maria Theresa
Joseph II
Leopold II
Examples cont'd
"The idea of the social contract is one of the foundations of the American political system. This is the belief that the state only exists to serve the will of the people, and they are the source of all political power enjoyed by the state. They can choose to give or withhold this power."
What's the social contract?
He wanted a large and powerful government because people were cruel and evil.
John Locke is difficult to understand, but he believed
democracy
was the best form of government. Locke wrote
Two Treatises of Government,
involving the natural rights of man and the social contract. This idea eventually led to the French and American Revolution. Locke's writings influenced the
Declaration of Independence
and modern Western philosophy.
life
property
liberty
3 of his main focuses
Like John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau also thought democracy was the best type of government.
Rousseau believed that the whole outweighs the good of the individual; democracy.
Wrote the social contract.
Famous Quote: "I think, therefore I am."
(Cogito ergo sum)
John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wrington, United Kingdom.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born on June 28, 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland.
1712-1778
1632-1704
1596-1650
1689-1755
1694-1778
Rene Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 in Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France.
Baron de Montesquieu was born on January 18, 1689 in La Brède, France.
Voltaire was born on November 21, 1694 in Paris, France.
Main Achievements
Thomas' view on the government was to enforce the social contract.
*Opposed Absolutism
Rousseau said, “I prefer liberty with danger than peace with slavery.”
Descartes had a significant part in the social contract. His argument on Cogito ergo sum, symbolized human life, or reasoning.
Voltaire defends freedom of speech and religion.
Voltaire believed the church and state should be separate because people should have their choice in who they worship.
Like the other philosophers, Voltaire doubted everything.
As you can tell, his ideas were taken into consideration for the Bill of Rights.
Prussia
Russia
Russia
Austria
Austria
Belgium
The new idea shaped this time period because people wanted rights and freedom: democracy.
What was his view on government? What justification did he give for this style?
I still don't get who John Locke was.
Is this better? "His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.
Yes, thank you!
How did these new ideas shape this time period?
How were Monarchs reacting?
The Enlightenment impacted our view of other countries because we strived for freedom and rights, not
absolute monarchies
.
The Enlightenment was one of the reasons why the American Revolution started because of the writings that were created, such as the social contract, and the Declaration of Independence. Without the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, there would be no American Revolution. Natural rights for all citizens shaped the American Revolution.
49
Students That Need Help in The 21st Century
Sent at 9:23am
Delivered
Sent at 9:27am
John Locke was known as the leader of the Enlightenment Age.
Rene Descartes is often known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy".
Baron de Montesquieu introduced the
3 branches of Government
(Legislative, Executive, Judicial branch). Montesquieu believed this was the solution to avoid absolutism because no branch would overpower the other.
The Monarchs were mad because they wanted absolute rule.
How were the people reacting?
The people were delighted because they finally got to speak.
The Enlightenment was a period of time where individualism and reasoning was more important than the culture during the 17th and 18th century.
The Founding Fathers based their ideas on the writings of the Enlightenment. Thomas Jefferson borrowed many of John Locke's writings to create the Declaration of Independence. Rousseau wrote the social contract and believed democracy was the best form of government. Descartes idea, "I think, therefore I am was a controversial topic during this period. Montesquieu's ideas of 3 Branches of Government greatly effected modern day. Voltaire's thoughts on freedom and religion played a huge part with the Bill of Rights.
Did You Know?
How did the Enlightenment play in to the American Revolution?
How did the ideas of Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and the Americans play in to The Enlightenment?
How has it shaped our way of life?
The Enlightenment has a huge impact on us today because we were the first ones to rebel. It also resulted in the Constitution and the creation of the Declaration of Independence.
51
11,13,14,16,17
11,12,43,49
12
13
14,15,50
16
17
42
42
42
47,48
40
22
46
45
Mr. Field's Mind
52
53
Full transcript