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6 Habits that Hinder Thinking

This presentation covers the 6 Habits that Hinder Thinking as presented in The Art of Thinking (Ruggiero, 2012)

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Transcript of 6 Habits that Hinder Thinking

Mine-is-Better Habit
Begins in early childhood
This is as old as humankind
Asserting its superiority is an expression of ego
Destroys objectivity
Prompts us to prefer self-flattering errors to unpleasant realities
(Ruggiero, 2012, p.54)
Face Saving
Natural tendency that comes from the ego
Comes after we say something that compromises the image others have of us
This is a defense mechanism
Protects our image
Example: "He made me do it."
Dangerous form: Rationalization
(Ruggiero, 2012, p. 55)
Resistance to Change
Rejecting new ideas and perspectives without examining them fairly
Reasons for resistance to change: Laziness, regard for tradition, and fear
(Ruggiero, 2012, p. 58)
Conformity
Paying more attention to what others think instead of what is right and true
Compromising beliefs
Harmful conformity = what is done instead of thinking in order to belong to a particular group or to avoid being different
(Ruggiero, 2012, pp. 58-59)
Habits that Hinder Thinking
Critical Thinking - University of Phoenix

6 Habits that Hinder Thinking
Mine-is-Better Habit
Face Saving
Resistance to Change
Conformity
Stereotyping
Self-deception
(Ruggiero, 2012, p. 54)
Stereotyping
Fixed, unbending overgeneralization that is irrational
Generalization: Classifying people according to common elements
Overgeneralization: Go beyond boundaries of reasonableness
(Ruggiero, 2012, p. 59)
Self-deception
Deceiving yourself about situations
Examples: Deceiving yourself about symptoms of illnesses, reasons for divorce, alcohol/drug dependency
Deceiving yourself about a competency
(Ruggiero, 2012, p. 60)
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