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Elements of Art
Transcript of Elements of Art
Texture What is balance? There are five main types of lines: A shape has two dimensions, height and width. Color is what we see because of reflected light. Light is another important element that artists use.
Light allows the viewer to a desired path on which the artist wants them to see. Light allows the art piece to glow, or perhaps even create shadows. Value is related to light, as values ranges from white to black (light to dark).
High value is on the light end of the scale, while low value is on the dark end.
Light creates highlights and shadows, which enhances the over all image of the object/art piece. G R A P H I C A R T 1 1 0 >Introduction Why are these elements important? >Balance Balance is whenever your focus is on the entire picture, not just one area. If your eyes are attracted to a specific area of the picture, this means the image is not balanced. Visual elements have a sense of weight.
Large objects > Small objects
Dark objects > Light objects There are three types of balance: SYMMETRICAL, ASYMMETRICAL, RADIAL Symmetrical Radial Asymmetrical Symmetrical balance is whenever you can draw an imaginary line across the middle of the picture, (horizontal or vertical), and each side will be exactly (or almost) the same. Each side will be opposite, just as if you were staring at yourself in the mirror. This picture represents symmetrical imagery, as you can clearly identify where the imaginable line would be, and that each side is practically the same. The only difference is, however, is the light. However, the image would still be considered balanced as the minor difference on the right side of the photo does not throw the picture off. Asymmetrical balance means that there is no symmetry
within the given art piece- this just means that there is no mirror images in place. You must use your senses to achieve asymmetrical balance. The art piece, however, is still balanced. -Dark values are heavier than light values
-A textured form is heavier than a smooth form
-A complex form is heavier than a simple form
-Two or more smaller forms balance one large form
-A smaller darker form balances a larger lighter form
-Objects toward the edge or corner of the composition appear heavier
-Intense colors are heavier than muted colors The pictures on the left are balanced. Your eyes are not focused on one specific part of the art piece, as negative space and colors and shapes are evenly distributed. The first picture, for instance, is not symmetrical, but it asymmetrically balanced. They use three dark colored blues in the top /bottom left corner, and the bottom right. Since we know that objects in corners appear heavier, the artist decided to make a more complex triangle shape towards the upper right corner, making the image appear balanced. This is one of the many ways asymmetrical balancing works. The third type of balance is radial balance, where all elements radiate out from a center point in a circular fashion. It is very easy to maintain a focal point in radial balance, since all the elements lead your eye toward the center. As you can see with these three examples, your eyes are directly drifted off into the center, and each section of the circle repeats. If I were to cut each in half, they would both be almost the same. The colors and patterns repeat through out the circle, establishing radial symmetry. 1) Horizontal
5) Zigzag A line connects two or more points. A line is
used to create/define space, contours, and outlines. It can also suggest mass or volume. Usually an outline. Not really there but guide the eye or organize the image. NOTE: LINES IMPLIED BY DIRECTIONAL GAZES An edge. When we draw, we use these five types of lines in order to create a shape or a drawing.
Without them, we wouldn't be able to create any type of art, it is one of the basic elements, and is literally the foundation of any great art piece. There are geometric shapes, such as circles, triangles, and squares; they have clear edges. They are usually mathematically precise, and have names. There is also organic shapes, where there lines
are less defined. Such as clouds or plants. THE DIFFERENCE
A form has three dimensions (3D) and encloses space. It is similar to shape, as it has height and width, but it also has an important characteristic, which is depth. FORM Like shapes, forms are also described as organic or geometric. On the left, a pyramid is shown. As you can see, this is a prime example of form, as the three-dimensional shape brings you depth and allows the picture to be much more interesting, opposed to a basic triangle. Primary Colors Secondary Colors S S S Leading to: Color is obviously one of the more superior elements in art. It is expressive, and can bring out so many emotions and allow a picture to be simply breath taking. It can bring so much depth in a picture, allowing different shades of colors to exist, and can make a beautiful masterpiece as an end result. How bright or how dull a color is. Intense colors are bright, while dull colors are created by mixing complementary colors. DULL INTENSE Hue: A common name for a color. Colors that are directly
opposite from each other on the color wheel
Red and green.
Colors such as red, yellow, and orange. When there is one color, but there is different values of the specific color. Colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. This includes one dominant color (either primary or secondary), and two complimentary colors, which are tertiary.
Colors such as blue, green, and purple. On the left, the geometric shape has a light focusing on it, casting a shadow. The shadow makes this piece of work more interesting, and creates a certain depth that only light can produce. Actual line: Implied line: Contour line: Intensity: Complementary colors: Example: Monochromatic: Analogous colors: Cold colors: Warm colors: >Movement When we think of movement, we think of physical movement. "Paintings can't move, either can photos!" This is a common misconception. Instead of just generally looking at a photo, the artist intends for us to look at the photo in a certain way. Through the use of objects and specific placements, the artist makes us wander our eyes through out the entire photo, as if it may be actually moving.
They can easily do this by placing large objects a part, which causes the eye to bounce from one to the other. This creates a sense of flow and sets a "path". On your left, your eye travels you towards the end of the bridge, and then leads you straight to the beginning. (Or it can be the opposite.) what drags you in is the light color at the end of the bridge, because the rest of the colors being used in the picture have darker values. This allows our eyes to travel back and forth, setting a path that ultimately becomes an 'element' of motion. >Texture Texture is the quality of roughness and smoothness of the surface of an object TWO CATEGORIES: Real Texture: Real texture is the actual texture of an object. Artists may create real texture in art to give it visual interest or to promote feeling. Implied Texture: A two dimensional piece of art is made to look like a certain texture. When you stare at this picture, your
first thought is, "What does it feel like?".
If you were to touch the actual image, you
could easily tell that there are layers of wood, and that they are soft, and not rough. If you were to drag your hands across it, it wouldn't be smooth, but bumpy because the wood is over lapping each other. >Space The distance, or area around, between or within a work of art. The most common types of space are: Negative Space Positive Space An easy way of explaining positive and negative space is taking a piece of paper. Draw anything you'd like. imply said, the parts that you drew on the paper are positive space, while the rest of the paper that you left blank is negative space. In this picture, you either see two faces, or a vase. If you see the vase, the white is the positive space, while the black is negative. Now, if you saw the two faces first, (the black), the black would be considered positive, while the white would be considered as negative. Space also can be considered as an illusion. When we see objects that over lap another, we view them as being "behind" the object. This allows us to believe that the ones on top are closer, (like the triangles in the picture on the left), while the ones behind are further away. http://lenoxweb.net/Custom-Web-Design/balance-web-design.html