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JAMERICANS: Jamaican immigration to the United States

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Ashshera Samuels

on 23 December 2013

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Transcript of JAMERICANS: Jamaican immigration to the United States

Who are the Jamaicans?
When did they come?
Jamaican immigrants began to migrate to the United States to reunify with family members who previously migrated to America.
Many Jamaicans have migrated in search of better employment.
They also came to escape harsh social and economic
The first wave of Jamaican immigrants came to the United States as guest workers.
In the early 1940's Jamaican immigrant men went to work in northern communities from Iowa to Connecticut as farm workers.
Jamaicans have the term "yu go ah foreign" and return back home to show off the rich life Jamericans live in America(not true). It shows success and is considered a right of passage.
In recent years Jamaican immigrants have jobs in the medical field as nurses, certified nursing assistants, and home health aids. Some are nannies.
In interviewing a lady in my neighborhood I found out that she has been a nanny for a wealthy Caucasian family. She stated that the family helped her become an American citizen.
In interviewing my mother I found out that my grandmother got her job in the garment district through a network of her friends from Jamaica who worked in the garment district. Some of these women I call "aunt" today.

Where do they live?
At least 59% of Jamaican Americans live in the northeast.
30.% live in the South
Many refer to Miami and New York as Kingston 22 or "little Jamaica"
Family connections, access to college and university educations and in some places weather has had an impact on where Jamaicans choose to settle.
Though Jamaicans are scattered throughout the five boroughs they tend to settle in enclaves in parts of the Flatbush and Crown Heights section of Brooklyn. In the Bronx there is a large amount of Jamaican immigrants who settle in the Baychester, Wakefield, and Mt. Vernon areas of the Bronx.
Using a convenient sample of participant I found, out of 10 people six have moved from NYC to either Atlanta, G.A and parts of Florida.
Participants have said that the cost of living is cheaper which has enabled them to have things they wouldn't have in New York, things like a car and a house.
Work cited page
1)Hahamovitch, Cindy "No Man's Land: Jamaican Guestworkes in America and The Global History of Deportable Labor, Princeton University Press 2011
2)Rubin, Rachel, Melnick Jeffery. "Immigration and American Popular Culture : An Introduction. New York Uniersity Press, 2006 p176-209
JAMERICANS: Jamaican immigration to the United States
Jamericans are also known as Jamaican Americans. These terms relate to Jamaican people who either came to the United States as children, or they became citizens after migrating to America, but held on to a strong sense of Jamaican culture and identity. For many Jamaican immigrants identity depends on the social setting.
Questions like am I Jamaican, West Indian, Black, or Caribbean American?
In a survey of ten people 9 said that they identify as Jamaican even though they are American citizens. One said she was American because she came to the United States when she was 3.
None identified as Black American.
Those who are naturalized American citizens often struggle with the issue of allegiance to Jamaica or the United States.
Legal aliens enjoy the same rights entitled to American citizens.
Because Jamaica has a mix of Whites, Chinese, Indian, and Spanish there is no concept of race until immigrating to the United States.
Jamaicans had been coming in small numbers to the United States for decades.
The first wave came in the early 20th century,
Jamaican immigration to the United States was at it's highest in the post 1965 period to the present. The Hart Cellar Act had a huge impact on the amount of immigrants allowed into to the United States.
Jamaicans make up one of the largest groups to migrate from the English- speaking Caribbean to the United States.
Why have they come?
Full transcript