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Indus River Valley Civilization

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by

Mrs. Aiello

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of Indus River Valley Civilization

Urban- Planning
Urban Planning
Major cities of the Indus River Valley Civilization included
Mohenjo Daro, Harappa, Kalibangan
Sophisticated city planning
Grid-like system
Buildings used
oven-baked bricks cut in uniform sizes
unlike Ancient Mesopotamia
Established and created
sophisticated plumbing/ sewer systems
Uniformity in
city planning suggests that they Indus peoples developed a strong system of government
Critical Thinking Question
Indus River Valley
Geography
Environmental Challenges & Benefits
Challenges
Please Take Out River Valley Civilization Master Map
Indus River Valley Civilization
Ancient India

The Himalayan Mountains
Environmental Challenges & Benefits
Benefits
What does the attention the Indus people gave to the plumbing and sewer systems suggest about their culture?
Indus River
Ganges River
Himalayan Mts
Ancient India
India is considered a Subcontinent.
Subcontinent: a large, relatively self-contained landmass forming a subdivision of a continent
The
two major rivers
are the
Indus River
and
Ganges River
Natural Barrier: refers to a naturally occurring obstacle/ geographical feature to movement
Hindu Kush Mts
Himalayan Mts
Deccan Plateau
Arabian Sea
Bay of Bengal
Indian Ocean
The Indus and Ganges Rivers
experience unpredictable flooding
like that of Ancient Mesopotamia
India experiences a
cycle of wet and dry seasons
which is not always conducive for farming
Experiences
monsoon
and
high winds
Monsoon: a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest bringing rain
Natural barriers provide protection and isolation
from conquering peoples and tribes
Trade will develop
due to close proximity to Mesopotamia
Critical Thinking Question:
What environmental challenges did the farmers of the Indus Valley face that the Egyptians did not?
NYC
Mohenjo Daro
Culture & Trade
Uniform housing suggests that social divisions were not that great
Artifacts such as clay and wooden toys suggest that society could afford to produce nonessential goods
Few weapons of warfare
have been found concluding that they were
peaceful
Religious artifacts suggest that they believed in many gods
- Shiva is the main God
Stamps and seals
carved in stone
used so
merchants can identify their goods
connection to Mesopotamia suggest
long distance trading
Writing System
400-600 Indus Symbols have been discovered on small tablets and ceramic pots.
It is believed that the Indus River Valley civilization used a more extensive verbal language than written language
In contrast- Ancient Egypt used hieroglyphics
we were able to decipher the hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone: a stone slab, found in 1799 near Rosetta, bearing parallel inscriptions in Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphic, and demotic characters, making possible the decipherment of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Indus symbols are harder to decipher and translate
Mysterious End
1750 B.C.E. Indus River Valley declined
Cities began to fall into decay
Theories of historians have on the end of the Indus River Valley Civilization:
1. Indus River changed - no longer flooded leaving land infertile for farming

2. Indus River Valley people wore out the land and natural resources

3. Abandoned the city due to a natural disaster

4. Suffered an attack or invasion from enemy tribe/people


Critical Thinking Question
Which factor do you believe may have contributed to the decline of the Indus Valley civilization? Explain your answer and justify why.
Full transcript