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Transcript of CASTE SYSTEM
By: Anne Cherian
South Indian Hindu Culture 3 Perspective book
San Francisco & South India India Republic of South Asia
Population: 1,220,800,359 (CIA World Factbook-July 2013) * NO NATIONAL LANGUAGE *
Hindi - official language of the government
English - subsidiary official language
14 other official languages
Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi & Sanskrit Largest Democracy Language Religion Hindu - 80.5%
Muslim - 13.4%
Christians - 2.3%
Sikh - 1.9%
Other - 1.8%
Unspecified - 0.1% Poverty Pollution Female Abuse Dowry Arranged Marriages Child Begging Corruption in Government Hindus vs Muslims Growing gab between
rich and poor Violence Created
by Caste System Population
stabilization India A hierarchy that divides society
into 5 main hereditary groups Caste System Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaishyas Shudras Untouchables (priests, teachers, scholars) (royalty, nobility, Warriors) (merchants, lenders & landlords - business people) (peasants, servants, skilled labor) (outcastes, include 2 main types; Dalits - street sweepers, butcher, handle waste & Chandala - disposal of corpses) Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaishyas Shudras Untouchables What is it...? How did it originate...? What is the current problem? - adapted by Priests long ago (10,000 years +)
- Referenced ancient book: Manusmriti
- Quotes Manu's words
(first king to rule the earth)
(creation myth associated with him) Tolerating the System... - not much discrimination back then
- "DO YOUR DUTY" - Bhagavad Gita Do your duty to the best of your ability without worrying about the results. A farmer has control over how he works his land, yet no control over the harvest. But, he cannot expect a harvest if he does not work his land. do your duty to the best of your ability as a service to God Discrimination inter-caste marriages
lead to violence school application Job application disrespect can't enter temple Who has power...? Powerful: the upper classes
police Powerless Lower classes What is being done? individual campaigns.... http://www.theworld.org/2012/06/caste-discrimination-india/ (2:25) ASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION My solutions... teach the younger generation not to discrimnate
stricter laws with punishment
encourage people to not share caste
have ways to report discrimination faster Work Cited "ABSTRACT OF SPEAKERS' STRENGTH OF LANGUAGES AND MOTHER TONGUES - 2001." Census of India. Government of India - Ministry of Home Affairs, 2011. Web. 5 May 2013.
Anita. "Hockey Is Not India's National Sport?" News.oneindia.in. One India News, 3 Aug. 2012. Web. 05 May 2013.
"Caste Based Discrimination." Articles about. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.
Cherian, Anne. A Good Indian Wife: A Novel. New York: W.W. Norton, 2008. Print.
"INDIA: Caste-based Discrimination against 'untouchable' Ahirwar in Madhya Pradesh." Asian Human Rights Commission. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.
"India's Population 2013." - Population of India 2013- Current Population of India in 2013. India Online Pages, n.d. Web. 05 May 2013.
"Jati: The Caste System in India." Asia Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.
"Major Problems in India." The Ultimate List. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.
"THE MAIN PROBLEMS FACING INDIA TODAY." HubPages. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.