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Reading Disorders

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by

Chang Abellana

on 10 July 2017

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Transcript of Reading Disorders

formerly called academic skills disorders
most commonly called dyslexia - includes deficits in spelling and writing as well as reading
a significant disparity between an individual’s general intelligence and his or her reading skills
involves significant impairment of reading accuracy, speed, or comprehension
Characteristics
Onset and Clinical Course
usually are identified in the first grade
Nursing Care
can assist speech-language pathology services that can help children become effective communicators, problem-solvers and decision-makers
The services that speech-language pathologists provide can help children overcome their disabilities, achieve pride and self-esteem, and find meaningful roles in their lives.
Etiology
pure word blindness
1960s, educators commonly referred to reading disorder as dyslexia
dys - poor or inadequate
lexis - words or language
least partially inherited
functional problems in specific areas of the brain underlie reading disorder
90% of children diagnosed with reading disorder have other language deficits
by Abellana & Babia
Reading Disorders
Common problems in people with reading disorder include:

slow reading speed
poor comprehension when reading material wither aloud or silently
omission of words while reading
reversal of words or letters while reading
difficulty decoding syllables or single words and associating them with specific sounds (phonics)
and/or limited sight word vocabulary
vary from visual stimulation to special to enhanced reading instruction
generally agreed that customized education is the only successful remedy
The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus have issued a policy statement warning against visual treatments and recommending a cross-disciplinary educational approach.
Treatment

Strategies for Home and School Care
working with children in small groups
words are made up of tiny sound segments
children clap in sequence as each speech sound in a word is slowly pronounced
move a small plastic tab or other marker as each sound is made
letters in words stand for the tiny sounds in speech
commonly referred to as "phonics" instruction, is usually again introduced slowly at first
in combination with putting plastic markers beneath letters on a page in sequence with each letter the student "sounds out."
when children can read the words on the page in an accurate and rapid manner, the student can then be exposed to teaching methods that emphasize immersing children in good literature
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