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A02PW - complete
Transcript of A02PW - complete
UNIT 4 - ENERGY ISSUES
UNIT 5 - MIGRATION
UNIT 6 - TRADITION AND PROGRESS
kinds of energy?
How has Energy consumption changed over time?
In 20 years, will we use more or less Energy? Explain.
Do you think alternative sources of Energy are dangerous? Why?
Keep a vocabulary log!
How to make a PAVE map?
1. Write the sentence from the text (or audio).
2. Write the word and draw a symbol or picture somehow associated with the idea.
3. Make a good sentence of your own.
4. Check the word in a dictionary.
5. Make another sentence of your own.
Ask your partner!
What was the Deepwater Horizon?
What caused the explosion?
How much oil was spilled?
How many people died in the accident?
What do you think about this?
use your own words!
books closed for extra practice!
Do you think money is enough
for causing such damage to the environment?
accidents do you know about?
How would you
if a resembling catastrophe happens in your community? As a citizen? As a business person? As a politician?
SPEAK YOUR MIND
Nuclear Energy explained
What is containment?
the act or condition of containing.
It's the action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits so that it cannot spread in a harmful way. In this context, I guess it could refer to nuclear fuel used in nuclear reactors.
It's the act of keeping something under control.
How does it work?
What are the benefits?
Before & After
Solar power isn't very popular. But recently it has got the attention of many people.
You need to remember that
the sun provides clean, renewable energy and it's free. Besides,
don't forget that
global warming is a serious issue that needs to be solved as soon as possible. In the next 100 years...
To show that an event has been completed by some time in the future.
By next November
I will have received my promotion
Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate
before she moves to Beijing
By the time you finish ICPNA
ill you have perfected your English
You won't have started your homework
before I finish mine
By the time I finish college
I will have taken hundreds of tests
The future perfect also shows that something will happen
in the future.
will have = will've
WHY DO WE USE OIL?
is the only renewable resource exploited in
. In 2006, it accounted for 48% of total installed capacity and
72% of electricity generated
. The largest hydroelectric facility in the country is the
900 MW Mantaro Complex
in southern Peru, which is operated by state-owned Electroperu. The two hydroelectric plants at the complex generate over
one-third of Peru’s total electricity supply
a postgraduate degree is extremely important nowadays, so I'd say yes. I'd like to continue my studies in a foreign country. By the time I finish my studies abroad, I'll have gathered
knowledge and experiences. Thus, I'll come back to Peru to
This is a
And this is a
Why do animals and people move in large numbers?
Where are they going?
Where did humans come from?
One species appeared, then another one after the previous one became extinct. Then, they all died and one smarter came, then another....
Some of them
The longest trip I took was 12 hours long. Sure, it was an
experience, but after the flight, I felt an
desire to never be on a plane again!
I think it's
to think about war in general. The history behind the Vietnam War, however, seems remarkable for me. Whenever I read about it or watch a movie - my favorite is 'Full metal jacket: Born to kill" - I get really
They are twin sisters!
Do you think they are related?
How's that possible?
HOW TO MAKE GUESSES ABOUT THE PAST
- Dude, we
could have got
so drunk that we robbed a farm...
Well, I see they are kissing. There's a ring on her hand, too. He might have ask her to marry him.
carpenter, mechanic, technician
engineer, scientist, teacher
My mother's father was from Lima, but he got married twice and ended up living in Huancavelica with my grandmother. My other grandparents were from Cajamarca, probably. My father's father was an abandoned child, so he
could have been born
That's really interesting. It's the first time I've heard of a real story of child abandonment.
My parents met in Lima, but my father has lived in many other places before and after getting married. He has traveled all around the country.
Imagine that! I'd like to travel as much as your father!
I've traveled a lot, as well. I even went to Europe twice before. Last year, I was invited to Paris, France. So, I traveled alone and...
Use the context to guess the meaning of the
Make a definition for 5 words.
Present them to your partner.
No dictionaries or cellphones allowed.
Read the paragraph in pg. 95. Answer in pairs as you fill in the blanks.
How many tons of salmon are caught each year in the Pacific?
How does the author describe the challenges salmon are facing?
Why do dams on rivers cause a problem?
What have many countries done to stop drift nets?
What have farmers done to raise salmon in different ways?
What has farm-raised salmon done to wild salmon in restaurants?
What have some countries done to raise young salmon?
Why do salmon need to be protected?
Would you like to go on a safari to Africa? Why or why not?
What do you know about Tanzania?
WHAT IS HOPE?
to want something to happen and think that it is possible
a belief that something you want will happen
WHAT IS TO HOPE?
I really hope I can find a girl who loves me...
It would be nice if I found a friend...
I'm hoping that someone likes me one day...
No strong evidence. It's just a guess (might be a good one, though)
When one has strong evidence or impossibility, other modals are used
can't have been
doctors; they were wearing nurse's uniforms.
can't have been
can't have drunk
so much that they didn't notice their car had been stolen.
must have been
must have stood
on a block of ice to hang himself.
It seems, native Americans
must have migrated
from Southern Siberia, because they
can't have come
from Europe according to DNA evidence.
What might people find interesting or surprising about this picture?
Go! go! go!
Fire in the hole!
What's progress to you?
What traditions are important for you? Why?
The most interesting picture for me is the one with a talking robot.
It makes me wonder how much science and technology have evolved over the last 20 years and how further it'll advance in the future.
It's amazing how an AI (Artificial Intelligence) is capable of helping people.
To me, that's just overwhelming.
to make a spoken paragraph
What's a period?
It's a determined lenght of time. Usually longer than just a few hours or days.
What are domestic animals?
They are animals that are not wild. They are kept on farms or as pets.
Check your answers by asking questions:
1. I think it's not only OK but necessary to contradict authority if one considers them to be wrong.
Nobody is flawless, so it's important to say what you say and, if you think something is not right, it's even imperative.
Of course, if it's my parents or teachers, I'll try to be polite.
Then, if I believe speaking my mind is essential, no matter whom I may be opposed to.
2. Yeah, I've experienced rejection several times.
I don't think someone hasn't, and that's why I don't consider myself unlucky.
For example, I have been rejected while trying to get a job because I was overqualified.
So, I think it's just about keeping on trying, isn't it?
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT BUTHAN?
WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE YO KNOW ABOUT THIS COUNTRY?
Make a series of questions that might be answered in the audio.
What is another name for Buthan?
What type of government did it use to have?
When did Buthan get TV?
What was one negative effect of its isolation?
What are two positive effects of opening up the country?
Words everybody uses (but not everyone knows how to properly use them)
Bacteria (or Germs)
Best of breed
Here in La France, people respect traditions, food, and the elderly.
Here in 'Murica, people love fast food, freedom, money and Obama.
Have you ever experienced something similar to an epiphany? How so?
Do you know what's an EPIPHANY?
Are you an ignorant?
Why or why not?
DID YOU KNOW...?
...orange juice is yellow!?
...we spend a seventh of your life on Tuesdays!?
... tomatoes are fruits!?
...you can't breath and speak at the same time!?
...the Earth isn't round!?
I HAD NO IDEA! MY WHOLE LIFE IS A LIE!
My crush once
my best friend if he liked her.
'm going to force
to shut up
not to break
I guess I
don't have to tell
hard for the final exam, do I?
When will humans become a Type I civilization?
I hope that,
for the year 3500, humans
will have been gathering
90% of the energy of the Sun
It would be great if,
4000 years from now, our species
will have become
a type II civilization or...
let me think...
made contact with an alien society, don't you think?