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Arts

Roman Arts
by

Kitkat Jose

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of Arts

BY: KITKAT JOSE <3
Roman
Art


*cough- MOST AMAZING-cough*
It was, however, in
portraiture
that the Roman artists concentrated their talents. It was related to ancestor-worship in which an image of the deceased was venerated, for the
Romans had a strong sense of
family continuity
.
ARTS II PRESENTATION
was the
greatest
contribution of the Romans to Western Civilization.
ARCHITECTURE
LITERATURE
The
Hellenistic world
was absorbed by
Roman expansionism
in the first
century B.C. when
Greece

and
Asia Minor
were added
to the Roman empire.
The Romans
admired
the older Greek civilization and propagated it throughout the empire.
Sculptors adapted Greek forms
and techniques...

In Philosophy, the upper classes
espoused Hellenistic ethical philosopies, such as
stoicism,
and
epicureanism
.
PAINTING
Endowed with keen and observant
eyes, the Roman artists painted their
environment
.
They developed new
artistic subjects
that ornamented the walls of villas of frescoes,

or as intricate mosaics on the floors and ceilings.
GENRE
such
as
those
found
in
POMPEII
a class or category of artistic works that exhibit certain keys of aesthetic characteristics. Aesthetic, being, concerning the appreciation of
beauty
or good taste.
LANDSCAPES
were particularly views of enclosed gardens.
...but the Romans, unlike the 'idealistic Greeks', were
practical
... and
realistic
people.
Boscotrecase, Pompeii
They're not particularly religious either, though stressed with civic virtues of citizens and placed much on the

importance of the
family
unit
Roman gods
. Examples of household gods are
:
JANUS
is the god of beginnings and transitions, thence also of gates, doors, doorways, endings and time.
the
LARES
Lares were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion. Their origin is uncertain; they may have been hero-ancestors, guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries or fruitfulness, or an amalgam of these.
Lar is holding a cornucopia from Lora del Rio in Roman Spain, early 1st century AD
here..
the Penates.
are the patron gods of the storeroom. Later they gradually changed into patron gods for the entire household.They were worshipped at the hearth and were given their part of the daily meals.
Authority figure played an important and powerful role in Roman society:
like the pater familias...
leaders of the state.
and the emporor (or Caesar)
Still Lifes
were rendered in a charming colorful style.
SCULPTURE
Architectural Motifs
showed amazing illusionistic skill, for interiors seemed to extend into loggias and balconies.
It also served to reinforce the image of the
authority figure
. Like the busts of Julius Caesar.
Later developments in sculpting were the large
equestrian statues
, symbols of dynamic authority and power.

Like the one on the left... of
Marcus Aurelius
.
With respect to the original classical orders, the Romans added two more....
the Tuscan order,
and the composite order.
Tuscan order
columns similar to the Doric with it's plain abacus capital but without flutings.
the
composite
order
consisted of a bell-shaped capital with two rows of acanthus leaves surrounded by scrolls and under an abacus.
but their orders weren't as 'functional' as the
post-and-lintel system of the Greeks, theirs were merely ornamental.
IMPORTANT FEATURES in Roman Architecture
the
ROUNDED
ARCH
the
VAULT
the
DOME
The
vaulting system
was more preferred for construction to the post-and-lintel system because the former was capable of
spanning larger spaces
than the beam of wood or stone. It is based on the invention of the arch.
The Ancient Roman Gladiator Dome In Teh Heart Of Rome
Finally, the Romans developed the dome and favored the construction of
circular
edifices.
The use of concrete further reinforced the structures.
It was in
community planning
that the Romans showed their practical sense.
They constructed
durable roads
to link the far-flung cities of the empire.
From which comes the expression......
'ALL ROADS
LEAD TO ROME'
City building
was an important activity of the period.
They made their conquered territories into the image of Rome by adopting a city planning--
the grid system
.
Roman architecture was not largely confined to the religious function, unlike the Greeks; but buildings served a variety of purposes accommodating a vast population.
The simplest structure was the
ARCH OF TRIUMPH!
Another structure of decidedly practical nature was
the AQUEDUCT!
Another example of functional architecture
was the
THE BATHS OF CARCALLA!
Roman builders favored
circular
buildings, such as
THE ROMAN COLOSSEUM!
Also..
THE PANTHEON!
In Roman literature,
Virgil
is known for the
Aeneid
, an epic poem celebrating the glory of Rome.
From the Greek dramatists,
tragedy
also further developed in the plays of
Seneca
. These were bloody, moralistic, and permeated with the sense of
caricature
.
THE
END!
Full transcript