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Transcript of Arts
*cough- MOST AMAZING-cough*
It was, however, in
that the Roman artists concentrated their talents. It was related to ancestor-worship in which an image of the deceased was venerated, for the
Romans had a strong sense of
ARTS II PRESENTATION
contribution of the Romans to Western Civilization.
was absorbed by
in the first
century B.C. when
to the Roman empire.
the older Greek civilization and propagated it throughout the empire.
Sculptors adapted Greek forms
In Philosophy, the upper classes
espoused Hellenistic ethical philosopies, such as
Endowed with keen and observant
eyes, the Roman artists painted their
They developed new
that ornamented the walls of villas of frescoes,
or as intricate mosaics on the floors and ceilings.
a class or category of artistic works that exhibit certain keys of aesthetic characteristics. Aesthetic, being, concerning the appreciation of
or good taste.
were particularly views of enclosed gardens.
...but the Romans, unlike the 'idealistic Greeks', were
They're not particularly religious either, though stressed with civic virtues of citizens and placed much on the
importance of the
. Examples of household gods are
is the god of beginnings and transitions, thence also of gates, doors, doorways, endings and time.
Lares were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion. Their origin is uncertain; they may have been hero-ancestors, guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries or fruitfulness, or an amalgam of these.
Lar is holding a cornucopia from Lora del Rio in Roman Spain, early 1st century AD
are the patron gods of the storeroom. Later they gradually changed into patron gods for the entire household.They were worshipped at the hearth and were given their part of the daily meals.
Authority figure played an important and powerful role in Roman society:
like the pater familias...
leaders of the state.
and the emporor (or Caesar)
were rendered in a charming colorful style.
showed amazing illusionistic skill, for interiors seemed to extend into loggias and balconies.
It also served to reinforce the image of the
. Like the busts of Julius Caesar.
Later developments in sculpting were the large
, symbols of dynamic authority and power.
Like the one on the left... of
With respect to the original classical orders, the Romans added two more....
the Tuscan order,
and the composite order.
columns similar to the Doric with it's plain abacus capital but without flutings.
consisted of a bell-shaped capital with two rows of acanthus leaves surrounded by scrolls and under an abacus.
but their orders weren't as 'functional' as the
post-and-lintel system of the Greeks, theirs were merely ornamental.
IMPORTANT FEATURES in Roman Architecture
was more preferred for construction to the post-and-lintel system because the former was capable of
spanning larger spaces
than the beam of wood or stone. It is based on the invention of the arch.
The Ancient Roman Gladiator Dome In Teh Heart Of Rome
Finally, the Romans developed the dome and favored the construction of
The use of concrete further reinforced the structures.
It was in
that the Romans showed their practical sense.
to link the far-flung cities of the empire.
From which comes the expression......
LEAD TO ROME'
was an important activity of the period.
They made their conquered territories into the image of Rome by adopting a city planning--
the grid system
Roman architecture was not largely confined to the religious function, unlike the Greeks; but buildings served a variety of purposes accommodating a vast population.
The simplest structure was the
ARCH OF TRIUMPH!
Another structure of decidedly practical nature was
Another example of functional architecture
THE BATHS OF CARCALLA!
Roman builders favored
buildings, such as
THE ROMAN COLOSSEUM!
In Roman literature,
is known for the
, an epic poem celebrating the glory of Rome.
From the Greek dramatists,
also further developed in the plays of
. These were bloody, moralistic, and permeated with the sense of