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Pop music history - the 1990's
Transcript of Pop music history - the 1990's
as Grunge and britpop flourished in the 1990's it opened the door for alternative rock's commercial possibilities and major labels actively courted bands including Jane's Addiction, Dinosaur Jr, R.E.M.'s success had become a blueprint for many alternative bands in the late 1980s and 1990s to follow; the group had outlasted many of its contemporaries and by the 1990s had become one of the most popular bands in the world.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers became an important band in the rise of alternative rock with their album Blood Sugar Sex Magik bringing worldwide attention to alternative rock. Combining funk rock with more conventional rock, the Chili Peppers were able to achieve mainstream success climaxing with the release of Californication.
other American alternative rock bands of 1990s included Hootie and The Blowfish,Soundgarden,Counting Crows, Rage Against the Machine, Third Eye Blind, Green Day, Bush, The Smashing Pumpkins, Blink-182 and Pearl Jam.
THE SPICE GIRLS
The Spice Girls were a British pop girl group formed in 1994. The group consisted of five members, who each later adopted nicknames initially ascribed to them: Melanie Brown ("Scary Spice"), Melanie Chisholm ("Sporty Spice"), Emma Bunton ("Baby Spice"), Geri Halliwell ("Ginger Spice"), and Victoria Beckham, née Adams ("Posh Spice"). They were signed to Virgin Records and released their debut single, "Wannabe", in 1996, which hit number-one in more than 30 countries and helped establish the group as a global phenomenon. Credited for being the pioneers that paved the way for the commercial breakthrough of teen pop in the late 1990s, their debut album, Spice, sold more than 28 million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling album by a female group in music history. They have sold over 80 million records worldwide, making them the best-selling female group of all time, one of the best-selling pop groups of all time,
Grunge music, and the culture marketed around it, was born out of the Pacific Northwest American states of Washington and Oregon in the 1980s
Has a dirty guitar sound, strong riffs, and heavy drumming
Guitars usually tuned to a lower key
Commonly used guitar distortion and feedback
Draws heavily on Punk
Lyrics are typically angst-filled, angry, frustrated, sad, fearsome, and depressed
Some people dont like Nirvana because they were the most popular band and overshadowed bands like Alice In Chains and Soundgarden
-Take as little effort as possible on appearence and dress for comport and affordability
-Reject the idea that one must always purchase the things that one wants or needs from others
-Like obscure indie bands, but disown those bands when they sign to major lables
-Never follow trends
-Strive for apathy and underachiement
-Act like you dont care, even if you do
-Usually have cynnical and negative outlooks upon life
-Respect women and reject jocks
1990 — The Righteous Brothers re-enter the Top 40 with "Unchained Melody," nearly 25 years after the song was released, thanks to the movie "Ghost." Soul singer/songwriter Curtis Mayfield is paralyzed in a stage accident, and blues guitar master Stevie Ray Vaughan is killed in a helicopter crash. M.C. Hammer releases "U Can't Touch This," which revitalizes the dance scene.
1991 — CDs outsell cassettes. Guns N' Roses releases "Use Your Illusion I" and "Use Your Illusion II" simultaneously — both dominate the Top 200 at No. 1 and No. 2, respectively, for two consecutive weeks. Metallica releases its self-titled black album, which holds the No. 1 position for four consecutive weeks. Freddy Mercury, Queen's lead singer, dies of complications related to AIDS.
1992 — Seattle band Nirvana unleashes the No. 1-selling "Nevermind." Queen's "Bohemian Rapsody," originally released in 1975, hits No. 2, thanks to the Mike Myers/Dana Carvey flick "Wayne's World."
1993 — 1970 power balladeer Meat Loaf releases "Bat Out of Hell II," which immediately races to No. 1 on the Top 200. U2 wraps up its state-of-the-art "Zoo/Zooropa" tour.
1994 — Nirvana's 27-year-old lead singer/guitarist Kurt Cobain commits suicide. Sheryl Crow's "Tuesday Night Music Club," Hootie & the Blowfish's "Cracked Rear View" and the Eagles' "Hell Freezes Over" are released.
1995 — The Beatles history is televised in three parts on ABC. Two new Beatles songs, "Free as a Bird" and "More Love" are aired. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opens in Cleveland. The Grateful Dead call it quits after the death of band leader Jerry Garcia. Alanis Morissette releases "Jagged Little Pill," which goes multiplatinum (selling more than 2 million copies).
1996 — Boyz II Men and Mariah Carey's duet, "One Sweet Day," breaks records by holding the No. 1 spot on Billboard's Top 100 for 16 consecutive weeks. Five members of the 1970s power-rock group Styx regroup, but original drummer John Panozzo dies before the band launches its comeback tour. Morissette's "Jagged Little Pill" wins a Grammy for Album of the Year.
1997 — Sarah McLachlan forms the Lilith Fair, a festival tour consisting of all-female artists and female-fronted bands. Fleetwood Mac returns with its 1970s lineup and releases "The Dance." Elton John's remake of "Candle in the Wind" — for Princess Diana's funeral — sells 32 million copies in 37 days, making it the best-selling single of all time. Backstreet Boys and 'N Sync release self-titled, multiplatinum debut albums.
1998 — Frank Sinatra dies of a heart attack. Aerosmith lands its first No. 1 hit, "Don't Want to Miss a Thing," from the film "Armageddon." Year-end figures show for the first time people under the age of 30 aren't buying more music than those over 30. Record companies begin to watch the Internet, wondering if free downloads will have an impact on record sales.
1999 — Cher's "I Believe" hits No. 1, her first since her 1971's "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves." David Bowie allows his album "Hours" to be downloaded for $17.98 off the Internet. Britney Spears releases her multiplatinum No. 1 album " . . . Baby, One More Time." Christina Aguilera releases her multiplatinum No. 1 self-titled album.
MC Hammer hit mainstream success with the multi platinum album Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em. The record reached #1 and the first single, "U Can't Touch This" charted on the top ten of the billboard hot 100. MC Hammer became one of the most successful rappers of the early nineties and one of the first household names in the genre. The album raised rap music to a new level of popularity. It was the first hip-hop album certified diamond by the RIAA for sales of over ten million. It remains one of the genre's all-time best-selling albums. To date, the album has sold as many as 18 million units
Vanilla Ice and MC Hammer achieved chart success in part due to sampling. Ice borrowed Queen’s “Under Pressure” and Hammer borrowed Rick James' “Superfreak.” Some music fans and rock stars questioned Hip Hop’s integrity. In their view, the artists were not writing original works. Instead, they simply stole from someone else and changed the lyrics. Eventually, lawsuits brought the practice to heel. Now, artists ask permission before sampling.
While sampling brought questions of integrity and legality, the Gangsta Rap sub-genre nearly destroyed Hip Hop. The music had a distinctive edge and portrayed a subculture Middle America found difficult to accept. Gangsta rappers seemed to glorify violence and the urban drug culture. Additionally, critics claimed it denigrated women. However, its popularity insulated Gangsta Rap from criticism until reality reflected the art.
On September 7, 1996, 25-year-old Tupac Shakur was murdered in a Las Vegas drive-by shooting. A few months later, Biggie Smalls, aka The Notorious B.I.G., met the same fate in Los Angeles. Some believe Smalls murder was in retaliation for Shakur’s. He was 24. The twin murders shook the music industry and artists needed to change. The crimes threatened the genre’s existence.
The next few years brought a more sanitized version of Hip Hop. Rap songs became more traditional pop. The music industry absorbed the outsiders leaving little difference between Puff Daddy and Britney Spears. Additionally, rock incorporated rap into music creating Nu Metal. The sub-genre is scoffed at today, but Limp Bizkit and other acts enjoyed massive success.
In 1999, the Hip Hop genre appeared tired and boring when Eminem reinvigorated it. The native Detroiter used his personal demons and opinions to create edgy Hip Hop. Few acts combined wit, skill, and personal demons as artistically and successfully as Eminem. He might not have saved Hip Hop, but Eminem kept it relevant.
Hip Hop rose and fell and rose again in the 1990s. MC Hammer and Vanilla Ice achieved amazing success, which the Gangsta rappers built upon. Although plagiarism and copyright issues plagued the genre until a legal consensus settled the sampling controversy, violence proved the genre’s real enemy. The Biggie Smalls and Tupac Shakur murders combined with a changing music scene neutered Hip Hop until Eminem arrived to reinvent the genre.
Britpop is a subgenre of alternative rock that originated in the United Kingdom. Britpop emerged from the British independent music scene of the early 1990s and was characterised by bands influenced by British guitar pop music of the 1960s and 1970s. In the wake of the musical invasion into the United Kingdom of American grunge bands, new British groups such as Suede and Blur launched the movement by positioning themselves as opposing musical forces, referencing British guitar music of the past and writing about uniquely British topics and concerns. These bands were soon joined by others including Oasis, Pulp, Supergrass, Sleeper, Elastica and The Verve.
Britpop bands were influenced by British guitar music of the past, particularly movements and genres such as the British Invasion, glam rock, and punk rock. Specific influences varied: Blur and Oasis drew from The Kinks and The Beatles, respectively, while Elastica had a fondness for arty punk rock. Regardless, all Britpop artists projected a sense of reverence for the sounds of the past.
Alternative rock acts from the 1980s and early 1990s indie scene were the direct ancestors of the Britpop movement. The influence of The Smiths was common to the majority of Britpop artists. The Madchester scene, fronted by The Stone Roses, Happy Mondays and Inspiral Carpets was the immediate root of Britpop since its emphasis on good times and catchy songs.
Pop music and dance music became popular throughout the 1990s. Popular European Pop artists of the 1990s included Seal, Jamiroquai, Milli Vanilli, Right Said Fred.
During the 1990s some European managers created their own Boy band acts, beginning with Nigel Martin-Smith's Take That and Louis Walsh's East 17, which competed with Irish bands Westlife and Boyzone.In 1996, the male saturated market was turned on its head by one of the most successful and influential pop acts of the decade, the Spice Girls.
Additional popular European Teen pop acts of the 1990s include Ace of Base, Aqua and A*Teens.
Ballad songs were popular during this decade, popular European artists included George Michael, Robert Palmer, Sade, Lisa Stansfield and Roxette.
Garth Brooks - With more than 45 million albums sold in the 90s, and three of the top 10 selling albums of the decade, this country superstar had the decade on lockdown.
Mariah Carey - The winner of the Billboard Artist of the Decade (given to Billboard's top-selling chart performer for the decade) sold more than 30 million albums in the 90s. This has her topping their list of 10 Best-Selling Artists of the 90's even though according to SoundScan Brooks sold more titles.