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Transcript of Guy Fawkes
Remember, remember the fifth of November;
The Gunpowder Treason, and plot;
I know of no reason why Gunpowder Treason,
Should be forgot.
Who was Guy Fawkes?
What was the Gunpowder Plot?
What were his motives, for taking part in the Gunpowder Plot?
How is Bonfire Day celebrated today?
What were the consequences?
Guy Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot Timeline
Guy Fawkes was born on April 13th, 1570
in Stonegate, Yorkshire
He is baptised, as a Protestant
at St. Michael-le-Befrey
He converts to Catholicism
Guy Fawkes goes to Flanders, to
fight for the Spanish army,
against the Protestant Dutch,
in the early 1590's
He meets fellow conspirators, Christopher,
and John Wright, at St. Peter's school
Guy Fawkes meets some of the conspirators, in London, on Sunday, May 20, 1604
Thomas Winter( another conspirator) , inroduces Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who was assembling a squad to blow up the king, in 1604
On October 26th, 1605 Lord Monteagle received
a letter warning him not to go to Parliament on November 5th.
On November 5th, Guy Fawkes is caught
in the cellar and arrested
In January, Guy Fawkes commits suicide by jumping from the scaffold, in order to avoid being hung, drawn and quartered.
Guy Fawkes was a Catholic extremist,(terrorist), who became involved in the Gunpowder Plot in 1604. As a young child, he was Protestant, but converted to Catholicism after his father died. Before the Gunpowder Plot, Guy was busy fighting for the Spanish Army, against Protestant Dutch. This is where he learned how to use gunpowder. His experience with gunpowder made him useful to the plot. He was suppose to ignite the gunpowder, to blow up the House of Parliament, and was caught red-handed, awaiting the time to do his deed. A month or so before catching the conspirators, a mysterious letter was sent to one of the men attending Parliament, Lord Monteagle. This letter warned him not to go to Parliament on November 5th, the day the plan was to become reality. The letter remains suspicious on who really wrote it. Was it Monteagles brother-in-law, a conspirator, warning him, or was it Monteagle himself, wanting to clear his name from the conspiracy? Anyways, the letters provided useful to the king, as it led him to find Guy Fawkes, before the fatal explosion.
Some people believe that our modern day use of the word "Guy", as in, "That guy walking down the street", originated with Guy Fawkes. People began calling the effigies of Guy Fawkes, guys a long time ago.
The gunpowder was damp, and wouldn't have caused more than a minor explosion, even if Guy Fawkes was successful.
The cellars under the Houses of Parliament are searched each year, before state opening, by the Yeomen of the Guard
Catholics, along with Guy Fawkes, thought that the times of Catholic persecution were over, when King James I claimed the throne, in 1603. However, Catholics continued to be persecuted under King James I. They were often fined, imprisoned, and sometimes even executed. Catholics were blindsided, and felt betrayed. Some, including Guy Fawkes thought drastic violence was called for.
The Gunpowder Plot involved 13 conspirators, intent on restoring Catholicism to England. They planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament, kill King James I, and other members, in order to end Catholic persecution. Then in the mist of the havoc to follow, they planned to continue a Catholic revolt. The conspirators were led by Robert Catesby, who soon became obsessed by the plan. He was a charming man, and soon persuaded people to take part in the plot, no matter the risks. Other conspirators included Tom Winter, Jack Wright, Thomas Percy, Kit Wright, Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Winter, John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, Sir Everard Digby, and Francis Thresham.
After Guy Fawkes is captured, the other conspirators gather in the midlands. Shockingly, they plan to start their uprising, even after Fawkes is arrested. However, an ironic gunpowder explosion leaves then injured, and defenseless when they are confronted by the king's heavily armed men. Some such as Robert Catesby, and Thomas Percy were killed by bullet wounds. Others were captured, and brought to the Tower of London to await trial, along side Guy Fawkes. In the meanwhile, Guy Fawkes is held in the infamous cell, Little Ease, a cell so small you can scarcely sit down. He is also suject to torture, for imformation. This torture included manacled wrist for hours on end, and worse yet the rack, at wooden system, that slowly stretches a person, until there limbs are dislocated and the pain is too excruciating to handle.
When it finally came time for trial, it was already clear, they were to be condemned. Although most of the conspirators pleaded not guilty, they were treated as all who commit treason, and were sentenced to a gruesome death: being hanged, drawn, and quartered. Each man was led to his death, one at a time, Guy Fawkes being last. When he reached the scaffold, he jumped, broke his neck, and died instantly. This was probably a preferred method of death, compared to the previously mentioned.
The day of the infamous Gunpowder plot is remember across England, as Bonfire Night. Celebrated on November 5th, Bonfire Night consists of huge bonfires, fireworks, and Guy Fawkes effigies. Children used to push their Guy Fawkes effigies around in a pram, asking neighbors, and friends for 'a penny for the guy'. This money was then used to by small fireworks. However, for safety reasons, only large, organized displays are shown now, so pocket money isn't needed. Later in the evening, the effigies are burned in the the bonfires to celebrate an event that shaped British history, from that day on.