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Copy of The One, the Many

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mary fong

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The One, the Many

The One, the Many Reading 28 Triandis conducted 3 studies Results Study 1 Study 3 Study 2 Individualism and Collectivism Around the World Harry Triandis "Behavior never occurs in a vacuum" Individualistic emphasize personal achievement at the expense of group goals, resulting in a strong sense of competition Has worked to develop and refine fundamental attributes of cultures and their members Question asked : "Do people in collectivist cultures indicate more willingness to subordinate their personal needs to the needs of the group?" 300 undergraduate students at the University of Chicago
Each student was given a questionnaire consisting of 158 items that structured to measure his or her tendency toward collectivist or individual behavior and beliefs
Also included 5 scenarios that placed participants in hypothetical social situations and asked them predict their behavior
When the data was analyzed, nearly 50% of the variation in the participants could be explained by three factors '
Only 14% of the variation was explained by the factor called, "concern for ingroup" Extended previous findings that collectivist societies provide high levels of social support to their members and individual societies tend to feel higher levels of loneliness
72 item questionnaire was completed by 100 participants equally divided by sex, at the University of Chicago and University of Puerto Rico
They also filled out a questionnaire that measured their perceived degree of social support and percieved amount of loneliness
Results of study clearly indicated collectivism correlated positively with with social support
Also the feeling of loneliness decreased Kaley Gilmore Individualistic vs. Collectivist Cultures Collectivist cultures emphasize family and work group goals above individual needs or desires. Him as well as his associates from several diverse cultures describe a multitude of distinguishing characteristics of collectivist and individualistic cultures. Individualist Culture! Collectivist Culture Individualism Collectivism Participants were 91 University of Chicago students, 97 Puerto Ricans, 150 Japanese university students and 106 older Japanese individuals
A 144-item questionnaire designed to measure collectivist characteristics was translated into different languages and was completed by all participants
Triandis's findings were very scattered
Some supported individualist -collectivist theory while others were the exact opposite The studies described but also modified, his definitions of collectivism and individualism Demonstrates that cultural descriptions fall at two ends of a continuum and a particular society will be best described as falling somewhere between the two but usually clearly closer to one end or the other Individualistic Collectivist Ultimately Love Their family Unconsciously and Collectivists Relatively more than
Even themselves Triandis's work has impacted a wide variety of research fields Recent Applications Vandello and Cohen (1999) charted the United States on the basis of Triandis's ideas Researchers reported the states in the Deep South were most collectivist and those in the Plains and Rpcky Mountains regions were highest on individualism
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