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Philippine Media During the Japanese Era

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Denese Verches

on 4 January 2015

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Transcript of Philippine Media During the Japanese Era

Philippine Media During the Japanese Era
During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, when the Japanese used the corporate media that had developed under the US colonial regime to influence and shape public opinion, the guerrilla and underground press met the citizen need for accurate information on the state of the country, the anti-Japanese resistance, and developments on the war fronts across the world.

The alternative press has had a longer history than is usually thought, and has played the crucial role of providing the accurate information needed at the heights of the perennial crisis that has defined Philippine reality for over a century. The core reason for this distinctive capacity is its not being burdened with the political and economic ties that characterize the dominant press, which during the Spanish period was controlled by the colonial government, and from the period of US colonial rule to the present has been controlled by political and business interests.
The death of historical writing on early radio is partly due to the loss of documents and records of prewar radio in the Philippines due to massive destruction brought about by the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during the Second World War.
When the Japanese invaded and occupied the Philippines (1941 to 1944), this press capitulated with hardly a struggle, and became the mouthpiece of the Japanese conquerors. With information a monopoly of the Japanese puppet government, the alternative press once again assumed the responsibility of providing through clandestine publications the information the people needed. The first manifestations of the
rebirth of the alternative press
were the
guerilla publications
which eventually developed into full-fledged underground newspapers, and proliferated throughout the archipelago, challenging the credibility of the captive press.
New Era
Manuel Buenafe's New Era is given credit for being the first, having been published on February 4, 1942, only 33 days after the Japanese occupied Manila.
New Era is a one-page mimeographed sheet appeared almost daily during its six months of publication.
New Era was resurrected in Central Luzon as the "Patriot" when General MacArthur returned to the Philippines.
These were just the bits of all the events that changed our media system. It was something that we need to know because these events were the shape-shifters of what our media structure is formed.
Lico-Chronicle was established on January 3, 1942, and edited by Manuel Abad Gaerlan. It died after 48 days of continuous publication on February 20, 1942.
Lico-Chronicle is a typewritten, eight to ten-page paper incorporated headlines hand painted in ink for lack of display type. The news was gathered from broadcasts via an underground radio.
After learning that the Japanese were conducting house-to-house searches, Gaerlan buried copies of the Chronicle in a can, but was later persuaded by neighbors to burn the papers so the Japanese could not get their hands on them.
Cebu Advertiser
Cebu Advertiser was the last newspaper by Calomarde in Cebu. Their last headline to be printed was the announcement of the fall of Bataan.
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