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The Lost Colony of Roanoke

The theories of what happened to the colonists
by

Kaitlyn Oberhaus

on 7 April 2013

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Transcript of The Lost Colony of Roanoke

By: Kaitlyn Oberhaus The Lost Colony of Roanoke Basics of the mystery Conclusion Do you think a whole colony could just disappear? Well the Roanoke colony did.

July, 1587, on Roanoke Island the colonists landed and were left to start the colony.

Their leader and governor, John White, went back to England for supplies. That is when they disappeared.

He was not able to return to the colony until 1590, because of the ongoing war with Spain. When he got to Roanoke Island he found no trace of them.

“After a day of searching, White was later to write in his journal that "We found neither man nor sign that any had been there lately" other than a set of bare footprints on the beach that the governor identified as those of a "savage." (Davis, K. John)

Since then no one has been able to prove what happened to those colonists. What is believed to have happened is that the Roanoke colonists for some reason went to live with the Croatans and they started families with them.

“Engraved on a palisade post a second word, CROATOAN. White immediately understood the meaning. Before leaving for England, he had told the colonists that if they were forced to leave the island that they were to leave word of their destination”(Davis K. John)

When White finally returned in 1590 he found the word Croatoan carved into a sign. This must be the word they left of their destination.

For this reason he believed that they had gone to live with the Croatan tribe. Theory 1 Theory 2 Theory 3 Thesis Statement Nobody really knows what happened to the colony of Roanoke, but one theory proves that the colonists went to live with the nearby Croatan tribe. Modern Archeologists and Scientists believe that the colonists moved upward into the Chowan and Roanoke rivers.

Archeologists have been studying the map that John White made of the new world. They have found a patch on the map that covers up a fort that they believe the colonists went up to and lived at.

They believe that the colonists planned to build more than just a fort (Foxnew.com) Lee Miller believes that “the Roanoke colony wasn’t lost it was stranded “(Miller)

Her theory is that conspirators left the colonists there to die at the hands of the Indians, but that only some of the colonists died that way. (Keiger, Dale)

Also she believes that the colonists may also have died from multiple things like the Indians, the cold, going hungry or the Spanish that had been tipped off about the new colony. True Theory The answer to the mystery is that the colonists left Roanoke to go live with the Croatans because they were running low on food or the land was not good.

This is the most logical answer because the colonists already told White where they were going so why would they not go there.

In addition, modern day people who are descendants of Croatans have ancestors of Roanoke planters. That is solid proof that at least some of the colonists went to live with the Croatans, but why not all of them because they only left one destination point. Nobody really knows what happened to the Roanoke colony, but one theory proves that the colonists went to live with the nearby Croatans.

As proof, the colonists left a word of their destination and modern day descendants of Croatans are related to Roanoke planters.

But did anybody actually go to the Croatan tribe and look for them there? This is why we will never know what happened to the Lost Colonists of Roanoke.

Coleman, Brooke. Roanoke: the Lost Colony. New York : Rosen Pub. Group's PowerKids Press, 1999.

pg. 21-22. Print.


Davis, John K. "The Lost Colony." History Magazine. Feb./March 2004:39-43. SIRS Issues Researcher.

Web. 20 Mar 2013.


Keiger, Dale. "Rethinking Roanoke." Johns Hopkins Magazine. Nov. 2001: 48-55. SIRS Issues

Researcher. Web. 22 Mar 2013


"New Clue to mystery of Lost Roanoke Colony." Foxnews.com. Fox news, 07 May 2012. Web. 27

Mar 2013. <http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2012/05/07/new-clue-to-mystery-lost-roanoke-

colony/> Works Cited Sir Walter Raleigh Sir Raleigh was given a charter to colonize North America.

So he put John White in charge of leading the expedition to colonize Roanoke Island.

However, he himself never went to North America, but organized many expeditions.

Many people did not like Raleigh because they thought he got special treatment from the Queen. The Lumbees who are descendants of the Croatans say that their ancestors are Roanoke planters. Some even resemble Europeans even though they are Native American.

This theory is well supported because they left their word of destination, which is what they were suppose to do, and the people they supposedly went to live with say that they have ancestors of Roanoke planters. This theory is supported by that the map is proof itself of the patches.

"We believe that this evidence provides conclusive proof that they moved westward up the Albemarle Sound to the confluence of the Chowan and Roanoke rivers,"(Foxnews.com)

Archeologists also have uncovered ceramics from the Bertie County area which is where the fort on the map is. There is not much proof, only that Miller thinks that the conspirators “knew there were survivors but found the lie of their murder more expedient.” (Keiger, Dale)

Also the fleet commander, Simon Fernandez, order the colonists to get off the ships and wouldn't let them back on. He never explained why.

None of the colonists have ever been found so this may support that the conspirators, who wanted to bring Raleigh down, did know what happened to them but lied.
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