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1 Corinthians: Introduction
Transcript of 1 Corinthians: Introduction
The Authority of God brought to bear for the glory of God in the church.
The City and Church
The City of Corinth
3rd largest city of its day
Racial, economic, and religious diversity
Seat of the province and location of the Governor
The Corinthian Church
Origin of the church
Diversity in the church
Significant investment from Paul and others
Cost of following Christ
They were dynamic in the beginning but now deceived.
1 Corinthians 12:13
“For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.”
They were diverse but now divided.
Paul leaves Corinth after planting the church and spending 18 months getting it established
Paul hears about issues in Corinth and writes a letter focused on dealing with sexual immorality and possibly idolatry in the church
The Corinthians respond to Paul's letter with a letter of their own asking questions about Spiritual Gifts, Marriage, etc.
Paul receives personal reports from the messengers from Corinth as well as from Chloe's household
1 Corinthians 5:9
“I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people.”
1 Corinthians 16:17
“17 I rejoice at the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus, because they have made up for your absence.”
1 Corinthians 7:1a
"Now concerning the matters about which you wrote"
1 Corinthians 1:11
"“For it has been reported to me by Chloe’s people that there is quarreling among you, my brothers.”
Paul sits down sometime in the spring of A.D. 53-55 in Ephesus and pens this letter ahead of a planned visit
1 Corinthians 16:7-8
“7 For I do not want to see you now just in passing. I hope to spend some time with you, if the Lord permits. 8 But I will stay in Ephesus until Pentecost.”
Its Structure and Style
Dealing with the personal reports and their resistance to his first letter
Dealing with their questions and responses to his first admonitions
Conclusion and plans to come and visit
It is like listening in to one side of a semi-tense phone call where an authority who loves the other person is correcting and instrucing someone that is resistant
The Authority of God brought to bear for the glory of God in the church
The Apostolic Office by
"Paul, called by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus"
"Your fight is not with my authority . . . it is with God"
He isn't going to call and compel to obedience for his identity but for God's glory
The Ministry of a friend under
"and our brother Sosthenes"
"those who love you and you know love God by their suffering see these concerns also"
Sosthenes is capitilizing on relational connection to call his friends to truth at risk to the friendship
God's Authority over His field, building, and body
"To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus"
"This isn't your church, it's God's"
"It's God's church for holiness"
God's Authority is to work out God's Glory
"called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours"
“10 Oh that there were one among you who would shut the doors, that you might not kindle fire on my altar in vain! I have no pleasure in you, says the LORD of hosts, and I will not accept an offering from your hand. 11 For from the rising of the sun to its setting my name will be great among the nations, and in every place incense will be offered to my name, and a pure offering. For my name will be great among the nations, says the LORD of hosts.”