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Nanotech Seminar at UPES

Nanotechnology Presentation_DR PARAG DIWAN

Suraj Anandan

on 11 August 2013

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Transcript of Nanotech Seminar at UPES

India's Energy Sector

Imperative for India's Energy

Nanotechnology Applications
Energy Conservation
Energy Efficiency
Energy Generation

Nanotechnology R & D in India

Nanotech application in Energy Conservation
Nanotech application in Energy Generation
Thank you
Why does India's Renewable Sector needs Nanotech?

Presented By
Three challenges faced by India’s Energy sector
Energy Conservation
Energy Efficiency
Energy Generation (through renewable technology)

Efficient and pleasing lights
Nanopores Filled Aerogel Insulation
Nanotech application in Energy Efficiency
1. Nanomaterials to collect and trap sunlight

2. Nanowires to boost PV panel efficiency

3. Improve efficiency of internal combustion engine

Quantum dot solar cell at National Renewable Energy Laboratory, US
Transparent Solar panels for windows
Energy House, UPES| 12 Aug 2013
Nanotechnology for sustainable energy, by Elena Serrano, Guillermo Rus, Javier Garcı´a-Martı´nez
www.hessen-nanotech.de (Application of nanotechnology in energy sector)
Nanotechnology and its application in renewable energy, by Dr. Prem Felix Siril, School of Basic Sciences, IIT Mandi
Nanotechnology: Clean Energy and Resources for the Future, by by Stephen L. Gillett
Ministry of Power, India
World Bank Database
Princeton University
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL, USA)
National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (Nano.gov)

India's Energy Sector
13% peak shortage
11% base shortage

Per Capital Consumption
India: 879 kWh
China: 2,944 kWh
USA: 13,395 kWh

Total installed capacity: 2,11,766 MW

Imperatives for India’s Energy (E3
1. Insulation systems
2. Efficient and pleasing lighting
3. Lighter and stronger materials in the transportation sector

Commercial heating and cooling systems are largest consumers of energy in buildings
The sheet of aerogel insulation filled with nanopores will minimize heat transfer

Engineers are designing semiconductor material and phosphors that accurately mimic the spectrum of sunlight.

Quantum dot filter on the light below light that is more pleasing to the human eye.

Nanomesh at Princeton University
Cases: Energy Efficiency
Nanostructured "sandwich" of metal and plastic that collects and traps light

Reflects only 4% of direct sunlight, leading to a 52% increase in efficiency compared to conventional, organic solar cells

Nanowire Solar Ink at Sol Voltaic, Sweden
Galium arsenide is one of most efficient photovoltaic materials

Sol Voltaics has found a way of cheaply producing large quantities of galium arsenide nanowires (using aerotaxy)

Result is an ink made from nanowires that, when slathered onto existing solar panels, can boost efficiency by 25%.

Cases: Energy Efficiency
Quantum dots to absorb broader spectrum of sunlight

Transparent solar panels for windows

Nano-catalyst to convert water-soluble molecules to ethanol or other fuels

Cases: Energy Generation
Semiconductor nanoparticles to absorb a broader spectrum of sunlight

Poised to address the urgent need for low-cost, high-efficiency photovoltaic.

Cases: Energy Generation
Zinc oxide nanorod clusters are transparent conductor that can be used as window glass that double up as solar panels for electricity generation

Nanotechnology R&D in India
Renewable energy research is far from what we discussed earlier
Nanotechnology in renewable energy has a large market in India because of large capacity shortage and exponentially increasing energy demand

Initiated in 2002, Government led initiative
Focus on Health, Energy and Environment

In energy sector, mostly hybrid and multifunctional nanomaterial research

Renewable energy research is far from what we discussed earlier

Nanotechnology in renewable energy has a large market in India because of large capacity shortage and exponentially increasing energy demand

R&D in India.....
R&D in India
Implications for India
For Nanotechnology in Renewable Energy, India is not a technology developing country but a technology demanding country.

India, due to its limited fossil fuel reserves, has to rely strongly on renewable energy.

Capacity shortage, lack of input fuels, environmental concerns advocate the role renewable energy will play in the country.

One important examples is National Solar Mission which aims to install 20 GW solar capacity by 2022.

Cases: Energy Conservations
Nanopores Filled Aerogel Insulation
Cases: Energy Conservations
Efficient and pleasing lights
Nanowire Solar Ink
Nanotech application in Energy Generation
Quantum dot solar cell
Transparent Solar panels for windows
State of Development of Nanotechnology: A Global Snapshot
Full transcript