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Copy of Walt Disney - one of the 'big six'

A few things to know about it

Reima Abobaker

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Walt Disney - one of the 'big six'

Walt Disney!
Disney was created and owned by Walter Disney in 1923.
Who they own?
the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, and today one of the largest and best-known studios in Hollywood;
ABC broadcast television network;
cable television networks such as Disney Channel, ESPN, and ABC Family;
publishing, merchandising, and theater divisions;
and owns and licenses 14 theme parks around the world.
Top 25 Movies created;
1.The Lion King
2.Beauty and the Beast
4.Toy Story
5.Finding Nemo
6.The Little Mermaid
8.Toy Story 3
10.Lady and the Tramp
11.Monsters, Inc
13.Robin Hood
14.Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
15.Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
16.Mary Poppins
17.Wall E
18.Song of the South
19.Spirited Away
20.Peter Pan
21.Fox and the Hound
22.Follow Me, Boys!
23The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
We have noticed ...
"To all who come to this happy place: Welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past, and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America, with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world" Walter Disney.
this is a clip from alice in wonderland that i think really shows what classic disney animation is all about: colour and imagination.
We Argue that .....
We analyzed both
Background Literature
Aladdin's Wonderful Lamp
A poor boy, called Aladdin, finds a magic lamp that transforms his life.
With the help of the genie of the lamp, Aladdin becomes rich and marries
a Princess.
(Johar, Bernag, & Attar, 1991 )
Arabic folktale; One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights).
Original author and date are unknown.
First known reference in the Arabic literature was in the 9th century.
Popular in Europe since the 18th century; Antoine Galland (Irwin, 1994).
Famous tales; Aladdin's Wonderful Lamp, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves,
and The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor.
Characters & Settings
Aladdin, poor and lazy
Princess, Badr-al-Budur; colluder
Sultan, powerful
Magician, Moroccan
Father, Mustafa the tailor
Mother, works hard
Genie, ring
Genie, lamp
Aladdin’s Disney
Settings: Arabia; fictional town of Agrabah
- Poor,
- thief,
- kind-hearted,
- Middle Eastern appearance.
-The Sultan’s daughter.
-Name changed; Jasmine.
-Identity; resistant
-strong personality,
-voice is heard,
-refuses to get married to Jafar, her father’s advisor.

A love affair with Aladdin.

A magic carpet ride with Aladdin.
Depicted as a belly dancer rather than
a noble Princess.
The color of her complexion and her heavy
make -up present her as a “sexual product” (Ridouani, 2011, p. 6)
-Less powerful
Jafar; Sultan’s advisor
-More powerful
Iago; parrot
Abu; monkey
Rajah; a Bengal tiger
Genie of the lamp
Magic carpet

Not faithful; events, characters, settings.
A mix between other tales from the Arabian Nights. E.g. Aladdin impersonates a prince named Ali Ababwa; an obvious reference to the protagonist from Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.
Westernized. E.g. the Princess’s name, appearance, and identity.
Authenticity issues
Misrepresentation of culture
Negative stereotypical lyrics; the opening
song ‘Arabian Nights’

1. “Oh, I come from a land
2. From a faraway place
3. Where the caravan camels roam.
4. Where they cut off your ear
5. If they don’t like your face
6. It’s barbaric, but hey, it’s home.”
-The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee protested,
-Disney altered line 4 and 5 after 6 months,
6 line remained the same:
1. “Oh, I come from a land
2. From a faraway place
3. Where the caravan camels roam.
4. Where it’s flat and immense
5. And the heat is intense
6. It’s barbaric, but hey, it’s home.”
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee
Background Literature
Historical Background Mistakes.
Character of Mulan: Eastern Vs Western Ideology.
Other Characters and Cultural Misconceptions.
Historical Background Mistakes
Foldway Fans (Tang,2008).
Imperial City (Tang, 2008).
Historical Unauthenticity
Banning girls from going to war (Mo & shen, 2000). "Under Chinese law, the penalty for such a grave lie was death" (Poindexter, 1998, n.p.).
Stealing her father’s armor and sword and sneaking away in the middle of night (Mo & Shen, 2000).
Changing family structure (Tang, 2008).
Shang-Yu 單于 & Huns 匈奴
(Henke, 2008; Tang, 2008)
Character of Mulan
Western ideology vs. Eastern Ideology
American Individualism

Motivated by individuality
“Mulan uses her brain to save the Emperor” (Krulik, 1998, n.p.).
“Mulan is the bravest one of all” (Krulik, 1998, n.p.).
Eastern Collectivism

“The tribal leader thought that Mulan and her small team were running for their lives…Mulan and her men hurried through a valley between two towering mountains” (Yi & Guo, 2007, n.p.).
Look at me, I will never pass for a perfect bride, or a perfect daughter.

Can it be, I’m not meant to play this part?

Now I see, that if I were truly to be myself, I would break my family’s heart.

Who is that girl I see, starting straight back at me?

Why is my reflection someone I don’t know?

Somehow I cannot hide who I am, though I tried.

When will my reflection show who I am inside?

When will my reflection show who I am inside?
Mulan in other versions:
- Good at sewing and martial arts since little
- Her success is not coincidence
Disney’s Mulan
- Trouble maker
- Trained during the war
- Poor at housework and archery
Cannon in Disney’s Mulan
Camels in original story
6 English picture books of Mulan, published in the U.S.
Characters & Cultures
Matchmaker, (Mo & Shen, 2000)
Lucky Cricket
Mushu (Ma, 2000)
Disrespect to Chinese Culture
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee
Mulan’s Appearance
Japanese Geisha
- Japanese geisha (Mo & Shen, 2000; Tang, 2008)

- Japanese harido (Mo & Shen, 2000)

- Japanese flag (Tang, 2008)

- Different Calligraphic styles (Tang, 2008)
“The Disney versions of other cultures folktale are what children around the world have
come to know” (Henke, 2008, p. 132).

-Stereotypes, myths and realities of different cultures are presented in these versions.

- The need to fairly and authentically represent these culture in the American literature.
Mulan hugged the emperor (Tang, 2008).
The emperor bowed to Mulan (Tang, 2008).
Mulan’s father threw the gifts from the emperor on the ground (Tang, 2008).
A bruised soldier salutes Li Shang (Tang, 2008).
American “manly” habits (Henke, 2008)
-Punching each other’s shoulder
-Patting buttocks
Romantic story
Heroin by coincidence
How Mulan was reveled
-Filmmakers, writers, and illustrators have every right to recreate the image of Mulan and Aladdin as long as it does not violate their cultural authenticity.
-Clarifying the misunderstanding of the Arab and Chinese culture represented in Disney movie and books.
-Providing an opportunity to understand or learn anything about these non-western culture.

Hassan, F. S. (1995). The passion and the magic: Distinctions of Arabic folktales. Al-Jadid, 1(2). Retrieved February 25, 2012, from http://almashriq.hiof.no/general/000/070/079/al-jadid/aljadid-magic.html
Henke, J. B. (2008). Climbing the Great Wall of feminism: Disney’s Mulan. In Meyers, M., Women in popular culture: representation and meaning (pp. 123-136). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Lan, F. (2003). The female individual and the empire: A historicist approach to Mulan and Kingston’s woman warrior. Comparative Literature, 55(3), 229-245.
Ma, S. (2000). Mulan Disney, it’s like, re-orients consuming China and animating teen dreams. In Ma, S., The deathly embrace: Orientalism and Asian American identity (pp. 126-143). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Mo, W., & Shen, W. (2000). A mean wink at authenticity: Chinese images in Disney’s Mulan. The new Advocate, 13(2), 129-142.
Pinsky, M. I. (2004). Mulan (1998): Woman of valor. In Pinsky, M. I., The gospel according to Disney: Faith, trust, and pixie dust (pp. 179-184). Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.
Tang, J. (2008). A cross-cultural perspective on production and reception of Disney’s Mulan through its Chinese subtitle. European Journal of English Studies, 12(2), 149-162.
Ward, A. R. (2002). Mulan: East meets West. In Ward, A. R., Mouse morality: the rhetoric of Disney animated film (pp. 94-112). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Chin, C. (1993). China’s bravest girl: The
legend of Hua Mu Lan. Illustrated by Arai,
T. San Francisco, CA: Children’s Book press.
Hardy-Gould, J. (2004). Mulan. Illustrated by Damerum, K., &
Takasaki Y. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Krulik, N. E. (1998). Disney’s Mulan: Mulan
saves the day. Illustrated by Harchy, A. P.
New York, NY: Disney Press.
Kurtti, J. (1998). The art of Mulan. New York,
NY: Welcome Enterprises Inc.
Lee, J. M. (1995). The song of Mu Lan. Arden,
NC: Front Street.
Marsoli, L. A. (1998). Disney’s Mulan. Illustrated
by Clarke, J. H.,
Ford, B., Shimabukuro, D., Tilley, S., Tyminski,
L., & Harchy, A. P. Burbank, CA: Mouse Works.
Poindexter, K. (1998). Disney’s Mulan. New
York: Golden Books.
San Souci, R. D. (2000). Fa Mulan: The story
of a woman warrior.
Illustrated by Tseng, J., & Tseng, M. New York,
NY: Hyperion.
Yi, G. & Guo, X. (2007). Courage and wisdom:
The story of Mulan.
Illustrated by Yin, X. Stafford, TX: U.S. Sunny Publishing Inc.
Zhang, S. N. (1998). The ballad of Mulan. Illustrated by Zhang, S. N.
Union City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.
Zoehfeld, K. W. (1998). Disney’s Mulan.
New York, NY: Disney Press.
Nature of Arabic Folktales
Arabic folktales mirror the Arabic culture’s values, morals, myths, social customs, and religious beliefs
Faith in God
Protection of women by men
Hospitality to guests and generosity
Hassan (1995)

Other components…
King; very powerful, never questioned
Hero; brave and proud
Women; weak and need protection
Supernatural and magical elements
Jinn (or Genie) and Ghouls
A mag
c ring, crystal ball, flying carpet
Lack a logical explanation of certain events
Teach morals
Hassan (1995)
The Depiction of International Folktales in Children's Literature
The Arabic Version
• Contained most of the components of Arabic folktales identified by Hassan (1995)
• Faith in God e.g. praying to God.
• Aladdin first a lazy boy, then a proud, brave, and generous man.
• Princess weak; needed protection by the Sultan and then Aladdin. No voice at all.
• Sultan ultimately powerful; a lot of wealth and slaves, commands answered without questioning.
• Supernatural and magical elements; magic ring and lamp, the Genie
• Lacked logic; Aladdin never questioned about his wealth and his ability.
• The righteous side always prevails; magician and Aladdin.
Japanese Flag
Urgent War Letter
When China is invaded by the Tatars, Mulan decides that she must disguise herself as a soldier, a man, to fight in place of her ill father, who has been called up for war. The journey takes her away from home for 12 years. Her valor brings her to the emperor’s attention. When offered whatever she wishes as a reward, she asks only to go home. Mulan got married with a fellow soldier, who finally discovers that Mulan is a woman after visiting her village.
“Mushu is unadulteratedly black…the Chinese Murphy wears race like the emperor`s new clothes, unabashedly exposing an ebony self” (Ma, 2000, pp. 128 – 129).
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