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notebook heart glasses tree

the feudal system

Zoe Wachtel

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of notebook heart glasses tree

The Feudal System By: Zoe, Julia, Madeline, Nate, and Victoria Government and Economics Political systems Economics Nobles Houses and Castles Science Architecture Art, culture and
architecture The nobles' houses were made out of wood, and had one large room. They were surrounded by high wooden fences. By 1100, most nobles lived in stone castles. Some had moats and drawbridges, others had archers in their towers. Many people other than the nobles could live in the castles. People such as the servants and officials. There were also small shops and stables. Later, the land was divided into manors or farming communities. The peasants would live in cottages near a noble's house. the cottages had one room, dirt floors, and thatched roofs. People slept on the floors. The feudal system had many scientific ideas. For one, the draw bridge. They built a bridge to go over the moat. They could pull it up in case of attack. Warfare was another part of their science. They used gunpowder, but did not invent it. The people used to live in a one room house. Now People attended church and prayed. There were
Catholic and Christian churches, but then the Catholic
people split off from their church because they didn't
like the way they ran it. People did believe in god. The
church leaders were bishops and archbishops. They
sat on the king's council and had leading roles in government. The bishops were very wealthy and came from noble families. The village priest helped the sick
and taught Latin and the Bible to children.
Sunday was a day of rest from work. On Christmas, the lord would pay for a feast. Some holidays had dancing and singing in the village. Medieval Life In the Feudal System, power was based on land. When Charlengne died in 814, Europe had no central government. The kings that had been his followers grew week and couldn't rule well. The nobles took over, and became as or more powerful than many kings. By 1000, the land was divided into territories, the Feudal territories. The Feudal territories had no central city. A noble owned the land and had all the power.
there were different groups in the society, the peasants and townspeople making the biggest group. unlike the Greeks, the townspeople and peasants had no say in the society. once someone was born into a group, you didn't come out of it. Land ownership = power. So the more land you have the more popular and powerful you are! After Charlengne's death, kings traveled to estates and began to depend on nobles. The kingdoms of Western Europe divided into 1000's of territories. The peasants have zero say in the government. Peasants have less rights than the religious leaders and the nobles. All the nobles are vassals which means they served a lord of higher rank. There were very few written agreements. The vassals had to [ay the when ever a daughter married, a son became a knight or warrior on horseback, or when a lord was captured in battle, they had to pay ransom or become a prisoner in the lord's place. The vasslas attend to the lord's court. They provide food and entertainment. If the vassal dies then the oldest son takes over his duties. If a noble marries, the husband gets land from both of the families. Art The people in the feudal system did not have many different kinds of art.
People crafted swords and armor for the people who went into battle. They also had stained glass windows in their churches. Religion Nobles and Science was enough room for a very large food supply, people inside the castle could hold out against attack for up to six months. The noble's made the laws for themselves and his estate and territory. The people obeyed him. The noble's and their families used to live in wooden houses surrounded by high wooden fences. By 1100 the nobles were in their castles. The castles made nobles secure and independent. Castles had think stone walls. On each corner there were towers with archers on them for protection. along with many more people all lived in castles. There they live in castles. the noble's servants and officials Honey The people in the Feudal System did not have a lot of regular sugar. Instead, they would use honey. The honey was very valuable, providing both wax and a way to sweeten things. Honey could also be a way to pay another person. Beekeepers would harvest the honey. Usually, the peasants or people who worked for the nobles would be the beekeepers.
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