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the KKK

Kurt Dunbar - US History II Final Project

Cristina Gonzalez

on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of the KKK

As told by Cristina Gonzalez KU KLUX KLAN Background "This is not a pretty part of American History... But it is important that we try to understand the villains as well as the heroes in our past, if we are to continue building a nation where equality and democracy are preserved."

Julian Bond, Civil Rights Activist I would like to take this opportunity to tell you a little about the Loyal White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and hopefully dispel some of the lies told about us by the liberal news media.Let me start by addressing the repeated falsehood that we are a "HATE GROUP" Bibliography
http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112391/ku_klux_klan.htm An American Terrorist Group When the Civil War ended and the Confederates surrendered, peace was still to be found. Southerners felt a deep sense of grief and despair at their "lost cause". The thought of racial equality added insult to injury. It was damaging to white Southern pride. Racial tension increased greatly. In fact, blacks openly challenged the authority of whites. Some dared sit in the presence of whites. Others refused to tip their hats to white people. Many were buying guns and hunting with dogs - all things that were forbidden during slavery. White people's former slaves were now free. White people were nervous and fearful of these new citizens in their midst. That fear gave life to the Ku Klux Klan. On December 1865, six former Confederate soldiers met up and decided to form a social club since they were so bored. 1867 1868 1871 The KKK is created as a social club 1870 1866 1865 1920 1925 1940 1927 1915 1910 1964 2008 current current 1963 1950 The Goal The primary goal of the KKK was to achieve racial segregation and to express white supremacy in a very violent way. They showed and enforced their beliefs using aggression and threats. There is no one KKK. It was later divided into many groups that spread out variously throughout the United States.
Some eras of the KKK would disappear only to be recreated years later.
It also later evolved to a terrorist group that harshly imitated racial, political and religious "enemies". evolution Their names were John C. Lester, James R. Crowe, Calvin Jones, John Kennedy, Richard Reed and Frank McCord.
The six confederate veterans formed a meeting to discuss the formation and the purpose of their group.
They decided to name it the Ku Klux Klan, coming from the Greek word 'kyklos' meaning circle. The purpose of this "social club" was to fight for racial and political beliefs against the Southern government. This clan was originally formed to relieve themselves of "boredom". Their main focus was dissent towards African-Americans, whether they were previous slaves, or recently voted politicians. Afterward, the club bonded because of their racial and political attitude against blacks. But their hatred found other sources, later on, who weren't approved nor had the same beliefs as them. Who were the Main Targets of the KKK? The Ku Klux Klan's primary targets were the blacks. They loathed the blacks because they had gotten their rights and the group fought for racial isolation to keep on going. But later on, in the 1900's, they furthermore showed their extreme dislike towards diverse religious, racial and political types of communities. The KKK's growth was due to white Americans who approved of the KKK's viewpoints and way of life. They would unite, and as a result, increasing the membership. And in the 1920's, the klan's population surpassed 4 million members nationally. THE FIRST ERA OF THE KKK
1945-1974 Members of the clan saw themselves as vigilantes who were cleansing America of those who tainted their country, and they saw themselves as fighting for white supremacy The Ku Klux Klan's public attack on African-Americans became widespread, as reported by the Mississippi Governor William Sharkey. Confederate soldiers would burn African-American houses, kill them or harass them. They did this to intimidate the government because the Republicans fought for the abolishment of slavery Members of the KKK wore masks and robes to disguise themselves and hide their identities. Former Confederate General George Gordon encouraged former Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford-Forrest to join the KKK. A few weeks later, Nathan Bedford-Forrest became elected as the Grand Wizard- the leader of the KKK. The Ku Klux Klan publishes it's Organization and Principles. They claimed it to be a Christian, patriotic organization. The KKK attacked Republicans or those who supported Republicans prior to the presidential election. More than 2000 people were killed or wounded, and although many Republicans were counted before the murders, no Republicans voted during the election. The KKK chased and hunted African- Americans through the woods, killing and wounding more than 200 African-Americans. William Woods Holden, the Governor of North Carolina, issued the militia to try and stop the Klan. As a result, the KKK was destroyed in South Carolina and all the other individual Klan groups began to decline across the South. The Congress passes the Klan Act allowing the federal government to arrest KKK members on a large scale. The violence in the South that erupted due to the actions of the KKK led to the Great Migration. The Great Migration is when about 7 000 000 African-Americans left the South and moved to the North to avoid the violence and have a better life. The second klan arose from an organization called the Knights of Mary Phagan which commemorated the lynching of Leo Frank (a Jew) who raped and murdered a young, white factory worker named Mary Phagan. This new clan was based on the beliefs against immigrants, Catholics, and Jews. William j. simmons the Founder Adopted the burning Latin cross as its symbol of intimidation.
The burning of the Latin cross was also a symbol of the KKK's Christianity. They sang hymns and worshiped around the cross. Klan membership reached its peak in the 1920s.
The Klan becomes more of a public organization
White American people throughout the country begin to form local Klan groups KKK introduced women into their Klan. Women promoted prohibition by going around schools and presenting. Klan membership began to rapidly decline due to scandals of murders that made the KKK look incapable of handling law and order. The KKK targeted both Americans and African-Americans for violation and for their moral lapses. The media started to attack the Klan for their "religious and racial intolerance", calling the Klan and its violence "un-American". The Ku Klux Klan began reigns of terrors where they would go on bombing houses that were owned by African-Americans. This continued on for 10 years- until the 1950s. Individual Klans began to bomb Birmingham because of the many African-Americans residing there. The Freedom Riders arrived in Birmingham and the KKK attacked. When the police became unable to save the Freedom Riders, the federal government decided to intervene. Members of the Ku Klux Klan were responsible for the bombing of the predominant black Baptist Church of 16th Street in Birmingham, Alabama, killing four little girls. KKK firebombed 20 black churches and then murdered 3 Civil Rights Activists. The Ku Klux Klan firebombs twenty predominant black churches The Ku Klux Klan murders Civil Rights activists James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner. Although the Second Klan was the last major national Klan, there are still currently small groups who call themselves the KKK and continue on with their beliefs. After the 2008 Presidential elections, when Barack Obama became the President, the number of members in individual Klans began to increase considerably. But lately, the numbers have been starting to decrease because of the KKK's inadequacy with the Internet and violent history. Many individual KKK groups have began to form alliances with other white-supremacist groups like the Neo-Nazis to fight for "white power". “In addition, in the early 2000s, many communities in the United States began to experiences a significant influx of immigrants, especially Hispanics, for the first time in their histories. A single-issue movement opposing immigration has helped create fear and anxiety about immigration in the minds of many Americans.”
Many Ku Klux Klan groups have tried to take advantage of that apprehension and insecurity, using anti-immigration outlooks for enrollment and propaganda ideas, and to catch the attention of public. http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/default.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=4&item=kkk In March of 2013, the KKK rallied in Memphis to fight against the renaming of three parks. The City Councils decision to change the names because it was unwelcoming towards the black population infuriated this group who deeply supported white supremacy. The parks were named after Confederate soldiers including Nathan Bedford – the first Grand Wizard. BARACK OBAMA http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/31/us/klan-protests-renaming-of-3-confederate-parks-in-memphis.html?ref=kukluxklan&_r=0 We hate drugs, homosexuality, abortion, and race-mixing because these things go against God's law and they are destroying all white nations Our goal is to help restore America to a White Christian nation founded on God's word. This does not mean that we want to see anything bad happen to the darker races, we simply want to live separate from them. As GOD intented.(Lev.20:24-25) It is a simple fact that whenever these races try to integrate themselves into White society; that society is damaged immensely, perhaps even destroyed altogether. http://kkkknights.com/ They believe that what they do is God’s will and that it follows the word of Christ. By construing the Bible so that it comparable with their program of detestation and racial intolerance the Klan members view themselves as people of good, moral values and as accountable Christian American citizens. Websites http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/default.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=4&item=kkk http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/31/us/klan-protests-renaming-of-3-confederate-parks-in-memphis.html?ref=kukluxklan&_r=1& http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3386 Weller, Worth H., and Brad Thompson. Under the Hood: Unmasking the Modern Ku Klux Klan. North Manchester, IN: DeWitt, 1998. Print. Bartoletti, Susan Cambell. They Called Themselves the KKK: The Birth of an American Terrorist Group. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2010. Print. Heinrichs, Ann. The Ku Klux Klan: A Hooded Brotherhood. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2003. Print.
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