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The African Elephant, scientifically known as the Loxodonta
Transcript of The African Elephant, scientifically known as the Loxodonta
The African Elephant is divided into two subspecies, the Savannah and the Forest Elephant. The Savannah elephant is most commonly found in the savannah or grasslands whilst the Forest elephant are generally found in dense forests. Elephants however can survive in any habitat with adequate quantities of food and water across Africa.
The African Elephant
An African elephant’s ears can serve multiple purposes. If an elephant flaps its ears it can signify aggression or joy. Elephants also use their ears in conjunction with the soles of their feet and their trunk, aids the ability to hear sounds over very long distances. On average elephants can hear another elephant’s call over four kilometers away but their range can be increased to ten kilometers.
Habitat loss and ivory trade are the biggest threats to the African elephant. Elephants roam around for extended periods of time each day, they have a tendency to crash though forests and tear down trees for food and cycling back on later. This is problematic because by the time the elephant has reached its original position the land has'nt had time to replenish. Ivory is a hard white material from the tusks of the elephant. Ivory is used to create a long list of everyday items such as chopsticks, ornaments, jewelery, bow clips, needles, buttons, hair pins, fans, handles and even dominoes. Ivory seeking poachers have killed one-hundred thousand African elephants in three alone and in 2011 roughly one in twelve African elephants were killed by poachers. Poachers use darts, poison and high-powered rifles. While the elephant is dying, the poacher gouges the tusks out from the living elephant’s skull.
I learnt about ivory and I was astonished with the amount of things made from it. I think poaching is unnecessary and could easily be replaced with other materials. In the future I hope the elephants get saved because they are definitely worth saving.