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Transcript of Cities
Political Stability Environment Green Spaces Green spaces are defined as areas of grass, trees, or other vegetation set apart for recreational or aesthetic purposes in an otherwise urban environment (Oxford Dictionaries, 2012). Function of Provision of environmental and social services
Conservation of ecological processes and cultural heritage values
Leisure and sport recreation
Enhancement of the aesthetic and characteristic appeal of a landscape
Provision of park connectors in Singapore Garden City to Youths
More manageable sample size for us Find out if
- Green spaces contribute to the liveability of Singapore for youths aged between 18 to 25 and the underlying reasons for it Aim 3. Methodological Studies Primary Research Secondary Data Survey
Youths aged between 18 to 25
Perceptions on how green spaces affect their liveability in Singapore.
& Analysis Findings 87% think that green spaces are important to their way of life Spending time with family and friends Recreation 14% ranked "Green Spaces" as 1 of the 3 most important indicators of livability out of 9 However, Urbanized Infrastructure (e.g. buildings, transport) Culture and Heritage Sanitation and Healthcare Green Spaces Education System Political Stability Environmental Quality (e.g. Pollution) Recreation and Entertainment Economic Growth Environmental Quality (e.g. Pollution) Political Stability Sanitation and Healthcare Green Spaces 32% of youths do not visit green spaces at all inaccessibility time constraints 5. Conclusion Thank
you! :) Close to 10 per cent of Singapore's total land area
3,600 hectares of land Not simply for visual and physical relief
Multiple functions from environmental to social aspects 18-25 Analysis Inaccessibility Lack of interaction with green spaces Efforts in trying to actively increase the accessibility of green spaces might not be enough Perception does not match intent Fail to consider green spaces as a significant contributing factor to livability Time Constraints Little leisure time to visit green spaces Leads to little public outreach to youth by NSS Seek alternative places to spend time with friends and family or for recreational activities Green spaces important, but not crucial for liveability Increasing emphasis on development of green spaces 2. Theoretical approaches Humanism Postmodernism Study the liveability of youths in Singapore based on their subjective experiences in green spaces Shift away from Grand Theory
4.1 Youths’ Awareness of Green Spaces in Singapore 4.2 Values that Green Spaces Provide to Youths 4.3 Interaction between Youths and Green Spaces 4.4 Ranking of Green Spaces as an Indicator of Liveability with respect to other Indicators 69% of the respondents were not aware that green spaces form 10% of Singapore’s land cover. of our respondents feel that green spaces are important to their way of life. 87% Recreation spending time with family and friends Efforts to incorporate recreational activities within parks East Coast Park Interview with NSS provide “educational value” to youths observe first-hand the richness of Southeast Asia’s biodiversity Environmental & associated with green spaces are also important to youths Educational values But these reasons were ranked low as reasons to visit green spaces 68% of youths visit green spaces Question 2. Do you visit green spaces? 17% visit green spaces at least once a week. Park connectors 14% ranked "Green Spaces" as 1 of the 3 most important indicators of liveability out of 9 Urbanized Infrastructure (e.g. buildings, transport) Culture and Heritage Sanitation and Healthcare Green Spaces Education System Political Stability Environmental Quality (e.g. Pollution) Recreation and Entertainment Economic Growth Environmental Quality (e.g. Pollution) Political Stability Sanitation and Healthcare Green Spaces Failure to see green spaces as avenues which improve environmental quality Recommendations: Parks and gardens, nature reserves and park connectors, whose boundaries are defined by National Parks Improves accessibility to major parks and nature areas
Time constraints Present as places for education and appreciation of nature
Venue for holding events Actively publicise the presence of green spaces
Engage youths only National Parks Board URA Masterplan UN-Habitat The Singapore Green Plan Department of Statistics Singapore Environmental
Benefits Air and water purification, runoff prevention
Provides a more aesthetically pleasing environment
Restorative environments Lack of Knowledge Literature Review Out of sight, out of mind Limited to prominent urban parks Phone interview with Nature Society of Singapore - NGO 46.5% of Singapore is covered in greenery Green
Spaces 2nd Last :( Study conducted shows green spaces are not vital to liveability in Singapore to youths Conducting collaborative conservation efforts
Assignments can be set on these field trips mode of recreation fail to see its value Lack of knowledge -> low interaction -> Do not contribute to liveability competitive education system Youth as a unique entity within the population
Diverse range of opinions Inaccessibility