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Literary Terms REVIEW
Transcript of Literary Terms REVIEW
A reference to something or someone often literary. For instance, if you were trying to instill confidence in a friend and said, “Use the force,” that would be an allusion to Stars Wars. The verb form of allusion is to allude.
Alliteration:The repetition of first consonants in a group of words as in “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.”
Assonance:The repetition of vowel sounds as in “Days wane away.”
Characterization: The means by which an author establishes character. An author may directly describe the appearance and personality of character (direct characterization) or show it through action or dialogue (indirect characterization).
Where is the assonance?
"the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain"
- Edgar Allan Poe
The author tells us EXACTLY what the character is like:
Bill was a liar and a cheat.
We learn about characters
through their actions, decisions, thoughts, etc.
The elements that create a plot. Traditionally, every plot is build from the most basic elements of a conflict and an eventual resolution. The conflict can be internal (within one character) or external (among or between characters, society, and/or nature).
Man vs. Man
Two (or more) characters are in conflict with each other.
Man vs. Nature
Characters are in conflict with a force of nature, like a natural disaster.
Man vs. Society
A character or characters are in conflict with the society in which they live...
Society becomes a character of its own.
Usually used to comment on some aspect of society, positive or negative.
Man vs. Self
The character develops a struggle over choices, ideas, etc.
Happens internally, but we might see it expressed externally.
Figurative Language: Language that does not mean exactly what it says. For example, you can call someone who is very angry “steaming.” Unless steam was actually coming out of your ears, you were using figurative language.
Metaphor: A comparison that doesn’t use “like” or “as”—such as “He’s a rock” or “I am an island.”
Simile:A comparison that uses “like” or “as” For example, “I’m as hungry as a wolf,” or “My love is like a rose.”
Giving inanimate object human characteristics. For example, “Man, that ice cream cone is really calling my name."
Let's hope not.
A huge exaggeration. For example, “Dan’s the funniest guy on the planet!” or “That baseball card is worth a zillion dollars!”
The use of description that helps the reader imagine how something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste. Most of the time, it refers to appearance. For example, “The young bird’s white, feathered wings flutter as he made his way across the nighttime sky.”
Imagery that has to do with something you can see, hear, taste, smell, or feel. For example, “The stinging, salty air drenched his face.”
Onomatopoeia: The use of words that sound like what they mean such as “buzz.”
Foreshadowing:A technique in which an author gives clues about something that will happen later in the story.
Point of View
First Person Point of View: The point of view of writing which the narrator refers to himself as “I.”
Third person omniscient: narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story
Third person limited: adheres closely to one character's perspective - limited info
In general: When something happens differently than what is EXPECTED
Types of Irony
Dramatic: When you know something a character or characters don't
Verbal: When you say the opposite of what you mean
Situational: When something happens very differently (or opposite) from what you believe will happen
Monologue: A long speech by one character in a play or story.
Other characters CAN hear it.
Soliloquy: A monologue in which a character expresses his or her thoughts to the audience and does not intend the other characters to hear them.
Other characters generally CANNOT hear it.
The central message or main idea of the story, not necessarily a moral.
Beauty of simplicity
Capitalism – effect on the individual
Change of power - necessity
Change versus tradition
Chaos and order
Character – destruction, building up
Circle of life
Coming of age
Communication – verbal and nonverbal
Companionship as salvation
Convention and rebellion
Dangers of ignorance
Darkness and light
Death – inevitable or tragedy
Desire to escape
Destruction of beauty
Disillusionment and dreams
Displacement...and the list goes on...
Satire: A work that makes fun of something or someone.
“Tomorrow you're all going to wake up in a brave new world, a world where the Constitution gets trampled by an army of terrorist clones, created in a stem-cell research lab run by homosexual doctors who sterilize their instruments over burning American flags. Where tax-and-spend Democrats take all your hard-earned money and use it to buy electric cars for National Public Radio, and teach evolution to illegal immigrants. Oh, and everybody's high!”
(Conservatives do it too!)
Pun:The use of a word in a way that plays on its different meanings. For example, “Noticing the bunch of bananas, the hungry gorilla went ape.
The feelings the text generates in the reader...
Anxious, sad, uplifting, etc.
The feelings or attitude the author or narrator has toward the subject of a text.
Something seen that stands for something unseen.
Think "static stays" - these characters do not experience any major change.
Undergoes an important inner or personal change - in personality, outlook, morality, etc. (Ex: Ebenezer Scrooge)
Not too many personality traits identified - not developed or complex in the way a main character is
Complex, varying traits - not always mean or happy, etc. - often dynamic characters are round characters.