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PPP in Airports - Overview
Transcript of PPP in Airports - Overview
PPP in Airports
Overview and Recent Trends
Asia-Pacific Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure Development
Airport - Two Visions
Can competing airports bid (Potential conflict of interest)? Is there limits on foreign ownerships?
Typical Allocation of Responsibilities
Large associated commercial revenues
Who is responsible for route agreements with airlines?
"Shopping malls with airplanes"
What type of transport infrastructure to and from the Airport will be provided?
Who is in charge of air traffic control, security checks, customs?
Prices charged for airport tax usually set by regulator – does concessionaire have any involvement in setting airport tax?
Need to provide good service to users (passengers and airlines)
Source of national pride
- Car parks
- Conference Centres
Private sector capacity to capture these revenues
Mactan-Cebu International Airport
Financial Close in 2014
25 years concession period
new passenger terminal + renovation of the existing one
around USD 400 Million
Mandalay International Airport
Concession agreement signed in 2014
Operation, rehabilitation and maintenance of airport facilities (incl. terminal buildings and runway)
Hanthawaddy International Airport
New airport to be constructed approx. 70 km northeast of Yangon (capacity up to 10 million passengers a year).
30-year PPP contract awarded in 2014 ($1.4 bn)
PPP in Japan mainly focused on social infrastructure (universities or hospitals)
First PPP for economic infrastructure assets like airports
Bidding launched in 2014 (rights to operate and improve facilities)
Recent PPP Airport Projects
Third Istanbul based airport (awarded in 2013)
Trends in PPP Airport Projects for ESCAP developing countries
Source: World Bank, PPI project Database
Around 90 PPP projects in the ESCAP Region since 1990
Total investment value above $21 billion
Top 10 projects > 60% of total
15 ESCAP countries have used PPP for Airport Development
Pulkovo Airport (Russian Federation)
$ 1.5 billion
put pressure on the airport capacity
Trends in the Region
Passengers carried in the region
some countries x4 (Bhutan, Cambodia, Kazakhstan, Lao PDR & Turkey)
strong pressure on existing infrastructure
$ 6 billion / year
till 2020 (ADBI figures)
large investments required
Passenger and cargo terminals and related infrastructure (e.g. parking)
(e.g. runways and taxiways)
How revenues will be shared? Tariff set (e.g. airport tax, parking) ?
Can PPP be part of the solution?
Noise and pollution standards – what happens regarding changes in law and regulations?
$9 bn of investment with the state guaranteeing the amount of passengers and tariff levels for a certain amount of time
PPP is popular for Airport dvlpt in Asia and large deals have been recently closed