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The Roaring Twenties

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David Connor

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of The Roaring Twenties

Swing to the Music!
National Ban on Alcohol
The Prohibition
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Birth of Mass Culture
The Roaring Twenties
The Big Ideas
What Happened?
People all over the country bought the same goods, ( thanks to some of the first nationwide advertising in United States history ) listened to the same kind of music, did the same dances, and even used the same slang. Some adults were not comfortable with this new urban idea, but it made life more enjoyable for young people who lived in bigger cities, because cities were where all the excitement was in this decade.
The Jazz Age
The 1920's was very famous for it's swing and big band tunes that everybody in the country wanted to dance to. There were many different popular dances at this time, such as the Charleston, the Cake Walk, the Black Bottom, and the Baltimore
Prohibition was the first and only ban on alcohol that reached all the way across the United States of America. The 18th amendment started the prohibition. The prohibition lasted nearly 14 years, from 1920 to 1933. During this time period, it was illegal to manufacture, transport, or sell any type of liquor in the United States. But, oddly enough, the amendment never actually said you could not drink the alcohol.
The Invention of the Radio
The invention of the radio was an essential step leading up to the idea of mass culture. It allowed people to communicate with millions of other people and spread advertizing, music, and even dance moves.
The Roaring 20's / The Jazz Age
A Journey to...
1920 - 1929
Special Edition Newspaper
October, 2014
The Radio
Illegal Liquor
The Great Depression
The Klu Klux Klan
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Beginning
Politics in the 1920's
Major Historical Events
1920's began with people still in the mindset of war
World War I ended 1 year earlier, in 1919
Everyone wanted stability in their community
After 8 years of Woodrow Wilson as president, Warren G. Harding became president
He was president from 1921 to 1923
He got elected for his promise of "A Return to Normalcy"
This meant a return to big business and industry
When Harding died, Calvin Coolidge became president
Harding's presidential office was famous for it's corruption
Many officials were kicked out of office
Some just escaped prison time
The most famous scandal of his office was the Teapot Dome scandal
The Secretary of the Interior secretly leased government oil reserves to 2 young businessmen for $400,000
- Woodrow Wilson (1913 to 1921)
- Warren G. Harding (1921 to 1923)
- Calvin Coolidge (1923 to 1929)
- Herbert Hoover ( 1929 to 1933)
America's present need is not heroics but healing; not nostrums but normalcy; not revolution but restoration.

~Warren G. Harding
The Prohibition began
Women were allowed to vote
Teapot Dome Scandal
Charles Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic
The Stock Market Crash which caused the great depression
What Happened in the 1920's?
- After the Civil War, this group was founded as a way to protest the rights that the African Americans had after the war.
- In the 1920's, they returned full force and started promoting racism, xenophobia, and Anti-Catholicism.
- They believed in complete white supremacy and wore all white clothing to promote this idea
- They killed black people, immigrants, and Catholics
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Big Cultural Changes
Pop Culture!
Popular Food
The invention of the refrigerator enabled healthier and longer storage of perishable foodstuff
It allowed us to have a larger variety of food in our country
Some popular foods were: Chinese Food, Italian Food, Deviled Eggs, Shrimp Cocktails, Roast Duck, Chicken Salad, Baked Ham Sandwiches, and Fruit Cakes
What did they Eat?

Mass Culture
During the 1920's, young people started to challenge the notions of proper behavior
Young people threw raging parties, drank illegal liquor, and danced new found sexy dances that the adults found appalling
Jazz clubs were also a new thing that the young engaged in
A famous symbol of 1920's pop culture was the flapper, a name given to a fashionable, pleasure seeking young women of the time
Popular Sayings and/or Slang
Balled Up
Bee's Knees
Bump off
Butt Me
Cash or Check?
Carry a torch
Dumb Dora
Gold Digger
Many many more
Monday, February 17, 2014
World Events
World Leaders
Stanley Baldwin - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1924 - 1929)
Benito Mussolini - Prime Minister of Italy (1921 - 1943)
Paul Von Hindenburg - President of Germany (1924 - 1934)
Mahatma Gandhi - Important political leader in India
Vladimir Lenin - Leader of the Soviet Union ( 1922-1924)
Alexandre Millerand - President of France (1920 - 1924)
Major Historical Events
Popular Clothing
Corsets were a thing of the past and women started to wear one piece dresses
Women started to transition to a more boyish look, they even started cutting their hair shorter
Men's fashion did not change much in the 20's
They wore suit jackets and high wasted jackets
Hats were also very popular in this decade
What did they Wear?
League of Nations
The League of Nations was founded in 1920 to promote world peace and to make sure there would never be another world war
They were like the present day United Nations
Their base was in Geneva, Switzerland, because Switzerland was a neutral country that was not involved World War I
They prevented and stopped may world conflicts in their time
The League of Nations ended after World War II, after almost 30 years of service
Tomb of King Tut was discovered in 1922
Time Magazine was founded
First Olympic Winter Games
Charles Lindburgh flies solo across the Atlantic
Byrd and Bennett Fly Over South Pole
Stock Market crashes
The Great Depression began
This was actually a very peaceful decade in the history of the world
World War I just ended and we entered a decade of peace and prosperity
Monday, February 17, 2014
Arts and Leisure
Young people started to hang out at jazz clubs, a bar with jazz musicians performing every night
Since the invention of the radio, Americans spent every night listening to music or talk shows in their living room
People began going to sporting events and movies
Singing and playing musical instruments also became a more popular thing to do in the 1920's
Jazz Age
Famous Americans
Louis Armstrong - Famous jazz soloist trumpeter
Duke Ellington - Famous jazz composer and band leader
Charlie Chaplin - Famous movie star and comedian
Walt Disney - Film producer, animator, director, screenwriter, and voice actor
Babe Ruth - Famous Major League Baseball player
Red Grange - One of the most famous football players of all time
Jazz was the most popular style of music in the decade
Jazz originated in New Orleans in the early 20th century
It is known for it's big band songs and swinging feel
This type of music was frequently played on the radio at night
Jazz was a daily part of life for some people
Silent movies have been popular for decades, but talking movies were not available until the late 20's
The first talking movie was called "The Jazz Singer"
The 1920's were also known as the Jazz Age because Jazz music became very popular during this decade
Before the 1920's, sports were only played by amateurs and there were no major league competitions, but in the beginning of the decade, Professional League sports were becoming popular

Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Important Inventions/Discoveries
Inventions, Science, and Technology
Medical Advances
Insulin injections were first used on diabetics in 1923.
Before this discovery, diabetes was a definite death sentence. But this procedure gave people hope
The Band-Aid was first used to seal a cut in 1921
The Band-Aid was a simple but very important invention
It allowed us to easily cover cuts to stop bleeding, prevent infection and to seal cuts
Penicillin was discovered in 1928
It was the first anti-biotic ever discovered
It changed the way we treat bacterial infections forever

The Tommy Gun - First hand held machine gun. It revolutionized warfare forever
The Lie Detector - Changed the way we could solve crimes
First 3-D movie - Improved the way we view movies
The Traffic Signal - Made modern roadways possible
The Refrigerator - Made it possible to keep food longer
Frozen Food - Allowed us to keep food for a prolonged period of time
Liquid Fueled Rockets - Set the stage for future rockets to space
Yo-yo was reinvented as American fad - No impact on human life, they are just fun
Most Outstanding Achievement
The most outstanding achievement of the decade was definitely penicillin for many reasons. Penicillin was a huge deal at the time of it's discovery. It was the first of many antibiotics. It gave people hope to live through bacterial infection that would have otherwise been a death sentence. Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming in London in 1928. Mold was growing and he discovered that it killed bacteria. He took a small amount that would not hurt humans and turned it into the first antibiotic in the world
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Economy in the 1920's
Average Incomes and Cost of Houses
Average Americans made about $3,269.40 as an average income
The average American income today is more than ten times that amount
A popular type of house in the 1920's was a self-build house
They cost up to from $1000 to $10,000
They came with Full Plans, Lumber, Roofing Shingles, Doors, Windows, Hard Wood Flooring, Moldings plus the varnish and paint to complete your house.
It was up to you to construct your house
Instructions say it requires at least 2 inexperienced people to build the house
Apartments in the city were cheaper to buy
Self Build Houses

Other Interesting Information
The unemployment rate was 5.2% in 1920
The rate in September was 5.9%
The Economy was very good in the 1920's, other than the Wall Street Stock Market Crash in 1929.
This crash began the great depression
Brands / Companies
What was Well Known?
The Ford Motor Company: The first automobile company that utilized the assembly line and made 1 million cars by 1920.

Paramount Pictures Corporation - Paramount made some of the first famous movies in the world such as Peter Pan, The Great Gatsby, and Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde were made.
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
“You've gotta dance like there's nobody watching, Love like you'll never be hurt, Sing like there's nobody listening,
And live like it's heaven on earth.”

~William W. Purkey

The Baltimore
The Charleston
The Black Bottom
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311

Toys for Boys
Clockwork Toys
Power Boats
Steam Engines
Musical toys
Character toys
Circus toys
Pedal cars
War toys
Construction Toys Like Lincoln Logs and Tinker Toys
One of the most popular boy toy was the pedal car
Toys for Girls
Girls played with a lot of the boy toys, but one thing that made girl toys unique was their dolls. Dolls became very popular during the 1920's.
Jazz as an Improvisational Music
That Was the 1920's
Thank You For Listening to our Presentation
"1920 Didn't Roar." Globe & Mail [Toronto, Canada] 24 Mar. 2012: F8. Global Issues In Context. Web. 22 Sept. 2014. <http://find.galegroup.com/gic/infomark.do?&source=gale&idigest=915abbd47446a346082f08a8010c5084&prodId=GIC&userGroupName=pl3537&tabID=T006&docId=CJ283997767&type=retrieve&PDFRange=[]&contentSet=IAC-Documents&version=1.0>.
Hanson, Erica. Through The Decades - The 1920s. San Diego: Lucent, 1999. Print. A Cultural History of the United States.

"Jazzupriver." Jazzupriver. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

"Marshall Cavendish." Marshall Cavendish. Marshall Cavendish, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

McNeill, Sarah. "Digital History." Digital History. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Reguer, Sara. "Sèvres, Treaty of (1920)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Ed. Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 2014-015. World History in Context. Web. 22 Sept. 2014. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=WHIC:UHIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|CX3424602418&source=Bookmark&u=pl3537&jsid=0903e08ff90af6ab0c00edbd4e9751fc>.

"Republicans and a "Return to Normalcy"" SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

"The Roaring Twenties." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

Rosenburg, Jennifer. "All You Need to Know About the Prohibition." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

Scott, Robert. "The 1920's in History." Http://www.1920-30.com/. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.

"SEXUAL REVOLUTIONS." Marshall Cavendish. Marshall Cavendish, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Politics in The 1920s." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.
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