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Child labor in Canada

about child labor in Canada

claire woodley

on 27 May 2011

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Transcript of Child labor in Canada

Home Children Child Labour in Canada http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5671A5lz64 History it started in the late 1700s and early 1800s factories sprung up everywhere the owners found a new source of labour:children children were hired more cheaply than adults child worked for 12 to 18 hours a day many people were outraged by child labour Canada eventually passed laws against child labour Conditions The factories were dark and musty the machines were large and hard to handle so children were easily injured They had extremely low wages Why It Happened most children were helping the family with work by age 7 and this could include factory work in the 19th to 20th century instead of being economic assets children became economic liabilities children could be paid less than adults so factories hired more and more children the jobs outside of factory work could lead to apprenticeship or adult employment these jobs appealed to children not in school people needed the money http://animoto.com/play/xDST12KVt0Q08EKCGORCmA http://animoto.com/play/xDST12KVt0Q08EKCGORCmA The End of Child Labour between the 1870s and mid 1920s all provinces made school mandatory
during the Depression(1929-1939), many adults took children's jobs during World War II many children entered the work force despite mandatory school attendence since WWII women have replaced children as contributors to family income Consequences many children had little or no education they were often given the most dangerous jobs (which often led to risk of injury or death) poor working conditions resulted in poor health (e.g inhaling smoke) power driven machines produced jobs that required little skill or strength children worked in crafts such as cigar making, printing, boot, shoe and clothing manufacturing
textile mills hired boys and girls
they also worked in sawmills, match factories and rope-making in the mines for example, boys laboured for 10 to 12 hours a day and earned 32 cents to 1$ a day as trappers also in the mines loaders earned 1.20$ to 1.30$ a day for 12 hours work http://storybird.com/books/child-labour/?token=vxkkb8 between 1869 and the 1930s over 100,000 children were sent to Canadas from Great Britain these were children who had been abandonned, orphaned or were pauper's children for some children, migrating to Canada meant a better life but other children ended up being "adopted" and used as labourers for farmers many of these children were abused and poorly treated many of these children ended up serving in the Canadian and British forces in both of the World Wars by 1901, one third of Canada's population lived in cities
this increased the number of jobs children were suitable for
jobs were created in Montreal textile mills, Hamilton businesses and Cape Breton and BC mines their situation was recognized and child immigration was banned in 1925
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