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Ben Carson-Heart Transplant

Michaela Scott
by

Kaela Scott

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Ben Carson-Heart Transplant

Michaela Scott Ben Carson BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Beginning in Surgical Career: Changing History: Carson soon began to separate conjoined twins world wide. Ben Carson was born in Detroit, Michigan, on September 18, 1951. He has an older brother named Curtis Carson. Ben's mother was raised in Tennessee in a very large family. She dropped out of school in the third grade. With not much hope or prospects in life, she married Baptist minister Robert Carson when she was 13, believing that he would change her life.
Sonya sometimes took on two or three jobs at a time in order to provide for her boys. Both Ben and his brother struggled in school. Ben was bullied by his classmates and developed a violent uncontrollable temper. Sonya Carson was determined to turn her kids around and would do her best to make sure they have great opportunities in life.
Within a year, Ben Carson was amazing his teachers and classmates with his improvement. Despite his academic successes, Ben Carson still had a raging temper that translated into violent behavior. Carson believed he had the full power to change his situation and actions. Ben also had several teachers along the way who expressed a strong interest in his success. After Ben graduated with honors from high school, he knew he wanted to pursue a medical career.
From hard work, Ben earned a scholarship to Yale University and earned a bachelors in psychology.
After graduating from Yale in 1973, Carson enrolled in the School of Medicine at the University of Michigan, choosing to become a neurosurgeon rather than a psychologist.
He married Lacrena Rustin in 1975, earned his medical degree then moved to Baltimore, Maryland and attended John Hopkins University in 1977.
By 1982, he was chief resident in neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins.
Carson received an important invitation to Australia, who were in need of an neurosurgeon. Carson gained several years worth of experience in the year he was in Australia and honed his skills tremendously.
Carson returned to Johns Hopkins in 1984 and, by 1985, he became director of pediatric neurosurgery at the young age of 33. In 1987, Carson attracted international attention by performing a surgery to separate two 7-month-old craniopagus twins from Germany.
On September 4, 1987, Carson and a team of 70 doctors, nurses, and support staff joined forces for what would be a 22-hour surgery.
In this operation, Carson had applied a technique used in cardiac surgery called hypothermic arrest. Although the twins did have some brain damage, both survived the separation, making Carson's surgery the first of its kind.
In 1994, Carson and his team went to South Africa to separate the Makwaeba twins. The operation was unsuccessful. Both girls died.
In 1997, Carson and team went to Zambia in South Central Africa to separate infant boys Luka and Joseph Banda. The boys were joined at the tops of their heads, making this the first time a surgery of this type had been performed. After a 28-hour operation, both boys survived and neither suffered brain damage.
In 2003, Ben Carson faced what was perhaps his biggest challenge: separating adult conjoined twins.
Ben Carson and a team of more than 100 surgeons, specialists, and assistants traveled to Singapore in Southeast Asia. On July 6, 2003, Carson and his team began the nearly 52-hour operation. But it was soon apparent that the girls were in deep critical condition, having both lost a large volume of blood due to the complications of the surgery. At 2:30 PM, Ladan died on the operating table. Her sister, Laleh died a short time later at 4:00 PM. They made international news. Carson has received more than 50 honorary doctorate degrees and is a member of the Alpha Honor Medical Society, and sits on the boards of numerous business and education boards.
In 2001, CNN and Time magazine named Ben Carson as one of the nation's 20 foremost physicians and scientists.
In that same year, the Library of Congress selected him as one of 89 "Living Legends."
In 2006, he received the Spingarn Medal, the highest honor bestowed by the NAACP.
In February 2008, President Bush awarded Carson the Ford's Theater Lincoln Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the U.S. highest civilian honors.
In 2009, actor Cuba Gooding, Jr. portrayed Carson in the TNN television production Gifted Hands.
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