Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation

Modified July 2013
by

Dr. Pedro A. Hernandez

on 9 August 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation

The Human Body: An Orientation
Chapter 1
by: Dr. Pedro A. Hernandez
what is anatomy?
tomy(cut), ana(apart)
Gross anatomy
Large structures
Easily observable
Microscopic anatomy
Structures cannot be seen by naked eye
Strcutures can only be seen with a microscope
Anatomy—Levels of Study
Organ System Overview
Integumentary
forms the external body coverings
protects deeper tissue from injury
helps regulate body temperature
location of cutaneous nerve receptors
Organ System Overview
Skeletal
protects and supports body organs
provides muscle attachment for movement
site of blood cell formation
stores minerals
Organ System Overview
Muscular
produces movement
maintains posture
produces heat
Organ System Overview
Nervous
fast acting control system
responds to internal and external change
activates muscles and glands
Organ System Overview
Endocrine
secretes regulatory hormones
growth
reproduction
metabolism
Organ System Overview
Digestive
breaks down food
Allows for nutrient absorption into blood
Eliminates indigestible material as feces
What is physiology?
physio(nature), ology(study)
anatomy is the study of the structure &
shape of the body and its parts
physiology is the study of how the body &
its parts work or function
Organ System Overview
Reproductive
produces offspring
testes produce sperm and male hormones
ovaries produce eggs and female hormones
Organ System Overview
Cardiovascular
Transports material in body via blood
pumped by heart
Oxygen
Carbon Dioxide
Nutrients
Wastes
Organ System Overview
Lymphatic
Returns fluids to blood vessels
Cleanses the blood
Involved in immunity
Organ System Overview
Respiratory
keeps blood supplied with oxygen
removes carbon dioxide
Regional Terms
Anterior body landmarks
Regional Terms
Posterior body landmarks
THE END
NECESSARY LIFE FUNCTION
Maintains boundaries
Movement
Locomotion
Movement of substances
Responsiveness
Ability to sense changes and react
Digestion
Breakdown and absorption of nutrients

Metabolism- Chemical reactions within the body
Break down complex molecules into smaller ones
Build large molecules from smaller ones
Produces energy
Regulated by hormones
Excretion
Eliminates waste from metabolic reactions
Wastes may be removed in urine or feces
Reproduction
Occurs on a cellular level or organismal level
Produces future generations
Growth
increase in cell size and number of cells
Survival Needs
Nutrients
Chemicals for energy and cell building
includes carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins and minerals
Oxygen
Required for chemical reactions
Water
most abundant chemical in the human body
provides for metabolic reactions
Stable body temperature (37 degrees Celsius
Atmospheric pressure
must be appropriate for gas exchange
Urinary
Eliminates nitogenous wastes
Maintains acid-base balance
Regulates water and electrolites
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
There is only two ways to live life. One like NOTHING is a miracle; the other is like EVERYTHING is a miracle
Albert Einstein
PHYSIOLOGY
neurophysiology
cardiac physiology
exercise physiology
List 8 functions that humans must perform to maintain life

List 5 survival needs of the human body


Full transcript