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Transcript of Elizabeth Blackwell
Awards & Achievements
Elizabeth Blackwell was born on February 3, 1821, in Bristol, England to Samuel and Hannah Blackwell.
When Elizabeth was twelve years old, Samuel Blackwell brought his family to New York, New York. Samuel Blackwell soon became a strong supporter of a movement to end slavery in America. He also established a sugar factory in New York City and was doing quite well until the factory lost costumers in 1837 and he lost most of his money.
In 1838 the Blackwell 's moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, hoping for a new start. But within a few months Samuel Blackwell died, leaving his family with no one to look after them. The three oldest girls supported the family for several years by operating a boarding school for young women.
In 1842 Elizabeth Blackwell accepted a teaching position in Henderson, Kentucky, but local attitudes offended her strong abolitionist beliefs and she resigned at the end of the year. On her return to Cincinnati, a friend who had undergone treatment for a gynecological disorder (having to do with women's reproductive organs) told Blackwell that if a woman doctor had treated her, she would have been spared an embarrassing ordeal. She also urged Elizabeth to study medicine. At first Blackwell disregarded the idea of becoming a doctor. But eventually her ideas changed, and the thought of becoming a doctor turned into an obsession. Friends discouraged her, though, and even recommended that, if she chose to study medicine, her best choice was to move to France, disguise herself as a man, and only then would she be accepted into medical school.
When Elizabeth attempted to enroll in the medical schools of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York City she was rejected (by twenty-nine different schools), she wrote to a number of small northern colleges. In 1847 she was admitted to the Geneva, New York, Medical College. Elizabeth later learned that her application to the Geneva school was initially rejected and she was only admitted as some sort of practical joke, for no woman had ever attempted to gain admittance into a medical school.
Soon, however, Elizabeth's personality and hard work won over her classmates and teaching staff. Her graduation in 1849 was highly publicized on both sides of the Atlantic. She then entered La Maternité Hospital for further study and physical experience.
Elizabeth Blackwell never had the time
and money to ever get marry or have any
children.Also her 5 other sisters never got married either.
Elizabeth Blackwell soon graduated medical school and became the first women doctor in history.
Abraham Lincoln elected President of the US and the Civil War starts. During the period of the Civil War Elizabeth Blackwell trained many women to be nurses who were of great help to the Union Army
The Person who influenced her
Elizabeth Blackwell was
influenced by her friend
who was suffering from
a disease called
gynecological disorder and
had to have surgery and
she was treated by a
man.She hated the
convinced Elizabeth to study
Elizabeth Blackwell is very important because she changed the way people think about women and medicine.
interesting facts and extra information
None of the five Blackwell sisters ever married. Elizabeth thought courtship games were foolish early in her life, and and stuck with her independence.When commenting on the young men trying to court her during her time in Kentucky, she said: "...do not imagine I am going to make myself a whole just at present; the fact is I cannot find my other half here, but only about a sixth, which would not do." Even during her time at Geneva Medical College, she rejected advances from a few suitors.
Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman in America to receive her medical degree. She served as a pioneer for women in the medical profession and promoted the education of women in the medical profession through lectures and by opening her own medical college for women.
three adjectives that describe her
Francene Sabin, and Ann Toulmin-Rothe Elizabeth Blackwell the first women doctor
Mahwah, NJ: Troll Associates, 1982.