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on 4 December 2014

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Transcript of Food

What's wrong with fast Food aren't you Hungry ?
Isabel King
Ninfa Desuza

Sowuria Tithi

Jahshay Campbell
Tamara Brown
Jilary Dunlop

Why Eat Healthy?

68.5% of adults are overweight
34.9% are obese.

31.8% of children and adolescents are overweight 16.9% are obese.

Disparities exist based on race-ethnicity, gender, age, geographic region, and socioeconomic status.
Within the U.S.
Food Stamp Abuse
What is Food Stamp Abuse?

When SNAP benefits are exchanged for cash or when someone lies on their application to get benefits or to get more benefits than they are supposed to get.
The Numbers:
According to the US Department of Agriculture:In 2010,states conducted 782,945 fraud investigations disqualified 44,483 individuals, and collected $287 million in recipient claims ($67.2 million of which was related to fraud.)
The Federal government
has collected more than $1.3 billion in delinquent SNAP benefits.

Locally in New York State

Sabree Abdullah, who was charged with defrauding the state of more than $34,000 from New York State’s Supplemental Nutrition
Assistance Program (SNAP) by falsely claiming that four of her children lived with her.
Are We Running Out of Food?
Factors that impact food choices

Culture-Diffrent culture have diffrent types of food choices. In some culture the amount/ingredients /species affect what type of food we make.
Budget- Food Cost ( Low income familes are affected mostly by the diffrent cost of food.
Time- Schedule and time management affect our food choices.
Location-Living near fast food restaurants may lead to eating meals at those venues more often.

What’s the difference between obesity and simply being overweight?

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the term overweight refers to body weight that is at least 10 percent over the recommended weight5 for a certain individual.

Recommended weight standards are generated based on a sampling of the U.S. population or by body mass index (BMI), a calculation that assesses weight relative to height. In common terms, “overweight” refers to an individual with a BMI of more than 25. Of course, it’s important to remember that being overweight may not only be the result of increased body fat, but the result of increased lean muscle as well;

Obesity is generally defined as an excessive amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. In numeric terms, obesity refers to a body weight that is at least 30 percent over the ideal weight for a specified height. More commonly, obesity refers to any individual with a BMI of more than 30
Montepellier, j. (2012). Overpopulation: Food Crisis and Future Hunger Wars . Boomer Warrior
Polintan, J. (2011, November 22). Overpopulation Increases Chances of Food Troubles by 2050. International Business Times.

Ninfa's References:

Sowuria's References:

Factors that affect food choices part 2

A persons Mood is a factor in what type of foods they eat. when feeling depressed unhealthy food can be an option while when you feel good you tend to eat healthier choices.
Where are all our tax dollars going?

According to the USDA,roughly 48 million Americans receive SNAP benefits, costing taxpayers
more than $78 billion per year.

The USDA puts program
fraud at around $858 million last year (2013), but doesn't include $2.2 billion paid to individuals who received benefits they weren't entitled to.

Solution To End SNAP Abuse

Better pre-screening &
continued screening

Media plays a role in the types
of food we eat. unhealthy foods
tend to bring better advertisement
and ( toys,or other things to attract us to eat it
Adult Obesity

Young people generally become overweight or obese because they
get enough
-physical activity in combination with
- poor eating habits
-Lifestyle also contribute to a child's weight status.

There are a number of steps you can take to help prevent overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence. (They'll help you, too!) They include:

Gradually work to change your families eating habits and activity levels rather than focusing on weight. Change the habits and the weight will take care of itself.

Be a role model
-Parents who eat healthy foods and are physically activity set an example that increases the chance their children will do the same.

Encourage physical activity!
- Children should have an hour of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
-More than an hour of activity may promote weight loss and subsequent maintenance.

Reduce time in front of the TV and computer to less than two hours a day
-Encourage children to eat only when hungry, and to eat slowly.
- Avoid using food as a reward or withholding food as a punishment.
-Keep the refrigerator stocked with fat-free or low-fat milk and fresh fruit and vegetables instead of soft drinks and snacks high in sugar and fat.
- Serve at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily.
-Encourage children to drink water rather than beverages with added sugar, such as soft drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice drinks.
Preventing Obesity in Children and Adolescents

Many of the strategies that produce successful weight loss and maintenance will help prevent obesity. Improving your eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity.
Things you can do include:

Eat five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily

A vegetable serving is one cup of raw vegetables or one-half cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable juice.
- A fruit serving is one piece of small to medium fresh fruit, one-half cup of canned or fresh fruit or fruit juice, or one-fourth cup of dried fruit.

Choose whole grain foods such as brown rice and whole wheat bread
Avoid highly processed foods made with refined white sugar, flour and saturated fat.

Weigh and measure food to gain an understanding of portion sizes.
-For example, a three-ounce serving of meat is the size of a deck of cards.
- Avoid super-sized menu items particularly at fast-food restaurants. You can achieve a lot just with proper choices in serving sizes.
-Balance the food "checkbook." Eating more calories than you burn for energy will lead to weight gain.
Weigh yourself regularly.

Avoid foods that are high in "energy density" or that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food.

For example, a large cheeseburger and a large order of fries may have almost 1,000 calories and 30 or more grams of fat. By ordering a grilled chicken sandwich or a plain hamburger and a small salad with low-fat dressing, you can avoid hundreds of calories and eliminate much of the fat intake. For dessert, have fruit or a piece of angel food cake rather than the "death by chocolate" special or three pieces of home-made pie.

Crack a sweat
-Accumulate at least 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity activity on most, or preferably, all days of the week.
-Walking a 15-minute mile,
Make opportunities during the day for even just 10 or 15 minutes of some calorie-burning activity, such as walking around the block or up and down a few flights of stairs at work.


Preventing Obesity in Adults
Old Dirty Bastard getting food stamps
A voucher issued by the government to those on low income, exchangeable for food. Which is called SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Who's eligible for food stamps
- Welfare
-Disabled (SSI)
-Families who work very low income jobs.
-People who are in college, who are not make much.

Whats the History?
-First Food Stamp Program started in May 16, 1939.
-The idea came about based on the Great Depression. which started October 29, 1929.
Why is it so hard to get?
Effect of healthy eating on physical health:
To create new cells, clean toxins, and to just function every day.
To prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and stroke, we need a well-balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and lean meats.
Fruits and vegetables can also help lower blood pressure and may help lower risk of certain types of cancer.
High fiber foods helps you to stay full for longer periods. Whole grains are a good source of fiber.
By eating healthy you will have more energy and be more alert.
A healthy diet can contribute to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Effect of healthy eating on mental health:
Carbohydrates increase serotonin, a brain chemical that has a calming effect.
Protein-rich foods increase tyrosine, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which helps to increase alertness .
In addition, certain healthy fats (Omega-3 fatty acids) control many brain processes
Omega-3 fatty acid helps to improve learning and memory
It helps to fight against such mental disorders as depression, mood disorders, schizophrenia, and dementia.
3. Effect of healthy eating for children:
Children need healthy food to support their growth and physical development.
Lack of iodine and iron can cause cognitive and motor development delays.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children eat at least five fruits and vegetables each day (Hatter, 2014).
Food for All!!
Let's Try!
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