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Transcript of English Renaissance
What happened in....(cont.)
Historical Events, Prose, Visual, Art & Music, Poetry, Similarities
Christina K., Madeline R., Jacqueline S., Claire Z.
The fashion of this period was stiff and restricting, especially for women. Simple movements such as running would be difficult wearing one of those dresses. This shows how women were valued significantly more for their vanity and physical appearance then their intelligence or physical ability to work.
~1300 - 1600
Women in the Renaissance typically wore long dresses with poofy sleeves and, in the later years, high lace collars. Men wore short formal suits with tights underneath and sometimes long fur coats.
Building styles from the Renaissance are still used in modern architecture. Buildings typically had high ceilings and sometimes large domes on the top. The inside walls of important buildings were often adorned with the finest artwork of the time.
Renaissance paintings vary greatly from medieval paintings. They had much more detail and depth of color. Portraits were common among the wealthy. For the women, they were sometimes shown holding small baby animals such as lambs to show innocence and purity. Men were shown in heroic poses, standing tall and proud to show strength and power.
Literary Term: ALLUSION
Hamlet telling the actors to have an honorable play or he would be like
Renaissance artwork was often religious, and some of the most famous pieces depict biblical scenes.
Sculpting became very popular in the Renaissance in following with ancient Roman and Greek culture.
Two Parts of the Renaissance
What happened in.....
Late 15th - early 17th century
1485: Battle of Bosworth Field
Wars of the Roses
; Henry VII comes to power; begins reign of the Welsh
14th century-17th century
Began in Florence, Italy and quickly spread throughout Europe
The School of Athens
, Raphael, c. 1509-1511
Resurgence in appreciation of the classics and birth of
1450: Johannes Gutenberg
Associated with European
Henry VII wishes to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon; Pope Clement VII refuses
Henry VII severs ties with the Catholic Church; declares himself head the church of England (Act of Supremacy 1534)
Began with the Italian renaissance. Emphasized....
Northern Renaissance included
England, Spain, France, and the Germanic regions. Focused on.....
Italian and Northern Renaissance
Italy: Patron of the arts hired men to work for them
Rich families like the Medici
Church and the Pope
Division between the King and the Catholic church
Protest vs Catholic
war with Northern Italy(early 16th century). Brought...
Francios I great influence in the art
Similarities between Italian and Northern Renaissance:
Humanism, secularism, individualism
interest in classical style/ theme
Mainly Gothic style buildings
Characteristics of Renaissance art:
"Renaissance Architecture." Spanish Architecture: Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.
"The Renaissance." The Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
Department of European Paintings. "Architecture in Renaissance Italy". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000.
"German Renaissance Art (1430-1580)." German Renaissance Art: History, Characteristics. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.
Wheeler, L. Kip. "English Authors of the Renaissance." English Authors of the Renaissance. N.p., 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
Adams, Simon. "The Spanish Armada." BBC News. BBC, 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
Alchin, Linda. "The Tudors." Elizabethan Era UK. Elizabethan-Era.org, 7 June 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Periods: Renaissance." Renaissance Period. British Literature Survey, 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"What Is Renaissance Poetry?" WiseGEEK. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
"For Whom The Bell Tolls - Poem by John Donne." For Whom The Bell Tolls - Poem by John Donne. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.
"Aubade - Poem by William Shakespeare." Aubade - Poem by William Shakespeare. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.
: Elizabethan Era (1558-1603)
: Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, succeeds half-sister Mary I and reinstates Protestant reign
Known as England's "
;" usually regarded as the height of the English Renaissance and of English literary accomplishment. Also an age of exploration and expansion.
: Spain attempts to conquer England; defeat of
one of the greatest military victories in English history.
Prose / Nonfiction:
Sir Thomas More
One of the early humanists and first prose writers of literary significance
: written in Latin in 1516 and translated into English in 1551
"The first monument of modern socialism;" More commends democratic communism -- peoples' state, elected government, and equal distribution of wealth.
Prose / Nonfiction
: Sir Francis Bacon
: popular prose form during English Renaissance; short composition of any subject
Advancement of Learning
History of Henry VII
The New Atlantis
Represent the "meditations of a trained and learned mind."
Prose / Nonfiction
: Prose Romances
Consisted of tales of romance and adventure. Varied in style; could be realistic or fanciful, humorous or didactic.
pioneer of English novel;
Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit
(1578) regarded as the "first novel in English language." Deals with love and romance and introduces a shift from fanciful idealism of medieval romance.
Sir Philip Sidney:
(1590); represents restless spirit of adventure at age of chivalry.
Poetry in the Renaissance
• 14th – early 17th century
• Focused on arts
• Some consider it to be the greatest
• Some consider it to be a transition from middle ages to modern times
• Heavily influenced by ancient Romans and Greeks, but also current times
• Often wrote about human development and education; inspired humanist movement. Focused on feelings in present, a change from earlier styles that focused on changes in emotion over time
• Love or passion; many dedicated works to love interests
• Kings and queens hired poets for their family history or entertain, “court poets”; led to poems about politics and how they influenced human condition.
• First Renaissance poetry in Italy, often set to music; natural extension of traveling minstrels of earlier centuries. Poems called chansons or madrigals.
• Sonnets were some of the most popular, especially in England. “sonnet” means any short poem of the time, including the strictly rhyming 14-line sonnet; many poets wrote series of connected sonnets with the same theme or story
• Epic poems were also popular but less common
• Francesco Petrach, an Italian, is considered the first writer of the Renaissance.
• Mary Herbert is one of the many women who contributed to the arts, although not many are still celebrated today
My love is like to ice, and I to fire:
how comes it then that this her cold so great
is not dissolv'd through my so hot desire,
but harder grows, the more I her entreat?
Or how comes it that my exceeding heat
is not delayed by her heart frozen cold,
but that I burn much more in boiling sweat,
and feel my flames augmented manifold?
What more miraculous thing may be told
that fire, which all thing melts, should harden ice:
and ice which is congealed with senseless cold,
should kindle fire by wonderful device?
Such is the pow'r of love in gentle mind
that it can alter all the course of kind.
For Whom The Bell Tolls
No man is an island,
Entire of itself.
Each is a piece of the continent,
A part of the main.
If a clod be washed away by the sea,
Europe is the less.
As well as if a promontory were.
As well as if a manner of thine own
Or of thine friend's were.
Each man's death diminishes me,
For I am involved in mankind.
Therefore, send not to know
For whom the bell tolls,
It tolls for thee.
HARK! hark! the lark at heaven's gate sings,
And Phoebus 'gins arise,
His steeds to water at those springs
On chaliced flowers that lies;
And winking Mary-buds begin
To ope their golden eyes:
With everything that pretty bin,
My lady sweet, arise!