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IR4546: Introduction to Political Psychology

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Ryan Beasley

on 19 September 2018

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Transcript of IR4546: Introduction to Political Psychology

The Psychology of International Security
IR4546
Dr Ryan Beasley

Alternatives to (and Criticisms of) Psychological Perspectives on Politics
What do you see?
Life Course/Aging  
Mass Media and Communications  
Mass Movements/Collective Behavior  
Political Affect  
Political Socialization  
Voting Behavior/Public Opinion
Biopolitics/Neuropolitics
Ethnic/Racial/Cross-cultural Issues  
Gender Politics  
Generational Politics  
Topics in Political Psychology
Conflict Analysis  
Political Violence/Terrorism  
Elite Decision-making  
Leadership/Followership  
Organization and Group Dynamics  
Political Personality Types  
Psychobiography/Psychohistory
Political Cognition  
Topics in Political Psychology
The use of psychological research to understand political processes & outcomes
Political Psychology: Basic Definitions
What do you see?
Social Psychology
Attitudes
Social Cognition
Consistency Theories
Attribution Theories
Stereotypes & prejudice
Social influence
Intergroup relations
Personality theories
Developmental Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology
Social Communication
Psychology Research
Values of Interdisciplinary Study
Political Psychology
The study of the interaction of
individual/social psychology + politics
Political Psychology: Basic Definitions
What do you see?
Week 1 Introduction to Political Psychology: The Field
Week 2 Psychological Theories and International Security
Week 3 International Images and Conflict
Week 4 Leaders' Personalities and International Conflict
Week 5 Biases in Risk Estimation
Week 6 Independent Learning Week
Week 7 The Psychology of Foreign Security Policy Making
Week 8 Public Opinion and War
Week 9 The Social Psychology of Inter-group Conflict
Week 10 The Psychology of Terrorism
Week 11 The Psychology of Protracted Conflict Resolution
Week 12 Revision
Lecture-Seminar
2-Hours (X2)
Office Hours
Moodle
Readings
Essays
Exam
Ryan K Beasley, PhD
Teaching
Sage on the Stage?
Guide
from
the
Side!
Modules & Lectures
Philosophy
Leader Personality and Foreign Policy
Foreign and Security Policy-Making
The Psychology of International Security
Social and Political Enquiry
1996
2002
1994
1999
2011
2006
Harlaxton College
St. Andrews
2010
Textbooks
Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective (2002)
Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective, 2nd ed. (2012)
2012
St. Andrews
Hello!
Comparative Foreign Policy
Housekeeping
ME!
How we see the world, our subjective understanding, affects how we think and what we do and is conditioned by basic, general psychological processes
Key Point of Poli Psych Approach:

S U B J E C T I V I T Y
Common Theories
Humans at Every Level of Political Systems
Elites
Political Psychology
Arguments for Psychological Approaches to Politics
Agent centered
Political Psychology and Agent-Structure Relations
6
Methods
Arguments
Topics
Definitions
Perceptions
Methods
Philosophy
Methods
Epistemological
Pluralism
Realism
Precision
Generalisability
Brinberg & McGrath
Control; Isolating Causality
Applies Across Population(s)
As it Happens in Context
Case Studies
Experiments
Big Data Sets
(statistics)
Content Analysis
Multi-Methods
Elite Interviews
Methods
The Readings!
*Haste, H. (2012), Where Do We Go From Here in Political Psychology? An Introduction by Special Issue Editor. Political Psychology, 33: 1–9.

*Ripley, Brian, "Psychology, Foreign Policy, and International Relations Theory,"
Political Psychology 14 (1993), pp. 403-416.

*Tetlock, Philip, "Psychological Advice on Foreign Policy: What Do We Have to Contribute?" American Psychologist 41 (1986), pp. 557-567.

*Goldgeier, James M. and P.E. Tetlock (2001) "Psychology and International Relations Theory" Annual Review of Political Science 4:67-92.

*Christie, D. J., & Montiel, C. J. (2013). Contributions of psychology to war and peace. American Psychologist, 68(7), 502-513.
How to Dissect & Interrogate the Readings
1) What is the Central Thesis?
3) What is the Evidence?
2) What are the Key Arguments Supporting the Thesis?
4) What are the Findings? Do They Fully Support the Thesis?
5) Critique! Flaws? Errors?
6) How Does it Fit with/Oppose Other Readings?
T.A.E.F.C.O.
(Somebody find a better acronym please!)
Humans (Agents) Make Political Choices
Humans are Limited Information Processors
Humans' Subjective Understandings of Their World Better Explain Their Behaviour & the Meaning They Attach to Politics & Political Discourse
Emotions, Values, Perceptions, Beliefs, Social Stereotypes, Personalities all Influence Humans...and Politics
Institutions
Systems (Economic, Power, Social)
Self-Interest/Rationality
But...Agents Seen in Context (Social & Institutional)
Agents are Inherently Social
Agent Perception of Structure Important
Let a Thousand Flowers Bloom
Discussion Time!
St. Andrews
2013
Foreign Policy Analysis
Some of My Research Interests
Cognitive Dissonance and International Security
Basic Motives in Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy and Coalitions
Small Group Dynamics
Role Theory and Sovereignty
Readings & Engagement
Be Prepared to Discuss the Readings!
What is the key argument (the thesis)
Strengths & Weaknesses
Questions & Discussion
Masses
What's in YOUR head?
I want some introspective descriptions of what you think you will be learning
Why do you want to learn that?!
What Brought You to This Module?
What's in YOUR head?
What stands out to you NOW, about the module?
Anything Unexpected?
How much do you 'buy' it, so far?
Statistics!
(oh Shit!)
St. Andrews
2014
PhD
(insert time passing here)
Sub-Honours Lectures
IR1006 -- Foreign Policy Making, Rationality, and Alternative Models
IR2005 -- Methodology
IR2006 -- Role Theory
IR1006 -- Comparative Method, Politics, and Foreign Policy
2015
etc.
Who remembers any of these?
Recent Publications/Research
Beasley, R. K., & Kaarbo, J. (2014). Explaining Extremity in the Foreign Policies of Parliamentary Democracies. International Studies Quarterly, 58 (4).
Beasley, Ryan K (2016). Dissonance and Decision Making Mistakes in the Age of Risk. Journal of European Public Policy, 23(5), 771-787.
Crandall, C, Owen Cox, Ryan K Beasley, and Mariya Omilecheva. (2018). Covert Operations, Wars, Detainee Destinations and the Psychology of Democratic Peace, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 62(5), 929-956.

Oktay, S & Beasley, R. K. (2016) Quantitative Approaches in Coalition Foreign Policy: Scope, Content, Process' European Political Science.
Beasley, Ryan K and Juliet Kaarbo (2018) Casting for a Sovereign Role: Socialising an Aspirant State in the Scottish Independence Referendum, European Journal of International Relations 24(1): 8-32.

Beasley, R. K., Juliet Kaarbo, and Kai Oppermann (under review) Brexit Stage Right: Sovereignty and Foreign Policy Roles.
Literature Review
Empirical Investigation
Concepts: Provide a 2 to 3 sentence answer that explains both the definition/meaning of the concept as well as its importance or applicability to the study of international security.
Required Readings: Provide 2 to 3 sentences explaining the topic and main argument of the given reading (I will provide the author(s) and reading title)
One Essay-Type Question
Exam = 20% of Total Module Mark
FP4D: Construction of Time in Foreign Policy
Full transcript